Fund: The purpose of this fund is to facilitate joint research projects with potential for industrial application.

  • The U.S.–India Knowledge Initiative on Agriculture: An initial amount of $100 million, which has already been allocated, is bringing together research institutions and corporate entities in both countries for the purpose of raising agricultural productivity and increasing prospects for agro-industrial business in India.

  • The U.S.–India Energy Dialogue: Launched in 2005 and cochaired by two of the day’s speakers—Minister Ahluwalia and Secretary Bodman—not only envisages the vitally important Agreement on Civil Nuclear Energy Cooperation but covers such areas as oil and gas, clean-coal technologies, and renewable energy sources as well.

  • The U.S.–India Disaster Relief Initiative: Adopted in the wake of successful joint tsunami relief efforts, this initiative is also technology driven.

  • The U.S.–India HIV/AIDS Partnership: Established to tackle the disease on a global basis, this involves corporate entities in both countries in addition to the two governments.

  • The U.S.–India Working Group on Civil Space Cooperation: This group is to renew and upgrade cooperation in space.

  • The Agreement on Civil Nuclear Energy Cooperation: While benefiting both countries, this agreement is also expected to have a positive global impact, in part by helping develop more environmentally friendly and proliferation-resistant technologies.

In light of these many initiatives, as well as other recent initiatives listed, the Ambassador underscored that there could not have been a more opportune moment for a discussion of India’s changing innovation system. Welcoming all to the symposium, he congratulated Dr. Cicerone and his colleagues at the National Academies on the event’s timing.

Dr. Cicerone introduced the next speaker, Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs Paula Dobriansky, noting that she would be obliged to leave almost immediately after finishing her presentation.

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