TABLE 6.3-1 Sales of NSF PII–Funded Technologies Go to Multiple Markets with a Broad and Diversified Customer Base

New and improved products to domestic civilian sector


Meeting federal agency needs


International competitiveness


Support to universities and other institutions


Meeting needs of state and local governments


SOURCE: NRC Phase II Survey.

to domestic civilian markets, as Table 6.3-1 shows, 20 percent were reported to be meeting federal agency procurement needs.

Other survey results show that the NSF’s SBIR program is enabling small firms in ways supportive of NSF’s mission. It is achieving a high level of participation by firms new to the NSF’s SBIR program each year. In 2003, the most recent year examined, more than 60 percent of grantees were new to the SBIR program. As described in more detail elsewhere in this report, it appears that the program is changing small firms’ conduct of R&D, enabling them to undertake projects they otherwise would not have, to broaden the scope of research, and to accelerate results.

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