Appendix A
National Research Council Reports on Waste Management and Environmental Cleanup of the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex

NRC. 2006b. Plans and Practices for Groundwater Protection at the Los Alamos National Laboratory: Interim Status Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11781.

NRC. 2006a. Tank Waste Retrieval, Processing, and On-Site Disposal at Three Department of Energy Sites: Final Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11618.

NRC. 2005d. Tank Wastes Planned for On-Site Disposal at Three Department of Energy Sites. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11415.

NRC. 2005c. Improving the Characterization and Treatment of Radioactive Wastes for the Department of Energy's Accelerated Site Cleanup Program. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11200.

NRC 2005b. Risk and Decisions about Disposition of Transuranic and High-Level Radioactive Waste. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11223.

NRC. 2005a. Improving the Regulation and Management of Low-Activity Radioactive Wastes. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11595.

NRC. 2004. Improving the Characterization Program for Contact-Handled Transuranic Waste Bound for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10900.

NRC 2003d. Improving the Regulation and Management of Low Activity Radioactive Wastes: Current Regulations, Inventories, and Practices: Interim Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10835.

NRC. 2003c. End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10667.



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Appendix A National Research Council Reports on Waste Management and Environmental Cleanup of the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex NRC. 2006b. Plans and Practices for Groundwater Protection at the Los Alamos National Laboratory: Interim Status Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11781. NRC. 2006a. Tank Waste Retrieval, Processing, and On-Site Disposal at Three Department of Energy Sites: Final Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11618. NRC. 2005d. Tank Wastes Planned for On-Site Disposal at Three Department of Energy Sites. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11415. NRC. 2005c. Improving the Characterization and Treatment of Radioactive Wastes for the Department of Energy's Accelerated Site Cleanup Program. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11200. NRC 2005b. Risk and Decisions about Disposition of Transuranic and High-Level Radioactive Waste. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11223. NRC. 2005a. Improving the Regulation and Management of Low- Activity Radioactive Wastes. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11595. NRC. 2004. Improving the Characterization Program for Contact- Handled Transuranic Waste Bound for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10900. NRC 2003d. Improving the Regulation and Management of Low Activity Radioactive Wastes: Current Regulations, Inventories, and Practices: Interim Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10835. NRC. 2003c. End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10667. 59

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60 Science and Technology for DOE Site Cleanup NRC. 2003b. Long-Term Stewardship of DOE Legacy Waste Sites: A Status Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10703. NRC. 2003a. Improving the Scientific Basis for Managing DOE's Excess Nuclear Materials and Spent Nuclear Fuel. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10684. NRC. 2002c. Research Opportunities for Managing the Department of Energy's Transuranic and Mixed Waste. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10513. NRC. 2002b. Characteristics of Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10492. NRC. 2002a. Remedial Action at the Moab Site—Now and for the Long Term: Letter Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10402. NRC. 2001h. Characterization of Remote-Handled Transuranic Waste for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10244. NRC. 2001g. A Strategic Vision for Department of Energy Environmental Quality Research and Development. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10207. NRC. 2001f. Science and Technology for Environmental Cleanup at Hanford. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10220. NRC. 2001e. Improving Operations and Long-Term Safety of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Final Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10143. NRC. 2001d. Research Needs for High-Level Waste Stored in Tanks and Bins at U.S. Department of Energy Sites: Environmental Management Science Program. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10191. NRC. 2001c. Research Opportunities for Deactivating and Decommissioning Department of Energy Facilities. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10184. NRC. 2001b. Research and Development on a Salt Processing Alternative for High-Level Waste at the Savannah River Site. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10170. NRC. 2001a. Evaluation of Criteria for Selecting a Salt Processing Alternative for High-Level Waste at the Savannah River Site: Interim Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10088.

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National Research Council Reports 61 NRC. 2000g. Long-Term Research Needs for Deactivation and Decommissioning at Department of Energy Sites: Interim Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10004. NRC. 2000f. Long-Term Research Needs for High-Level Waste at Department of Energy Sites: Interim Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9992. NRC. 2000e. Alternatives for High-Level Waste Salt-Processing at the Savannah River Site. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9959. NRC. 2000d. Long-Term Institutional Management of U.S. Department of Energy Legacy Waste Sites. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9949. NRC. 2000c. Improving Operations and Long-Term Safety of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Interim Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9842. NRC. 2000b. Natural Attenuation for Groundwater Remediation. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9792. NRC. 2000a. Research Needs in Subsurface Science. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9793. NRC. 1999h. Alternative High-Level Waste Treatments at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9743. NRC. 1999g. Technologies for Environmental Management: The Department of Energy's Office of Science and Technology. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9656. NRC. 1999f. Interim Report of the Committee on Cesium Processing Alternatives for High-Level Waste at the Savannah River Site. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9703. NRC. 1999e. Decision Making in the U.S. Department of Energy's Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9448. NRC. 1999d. The State of Development of Waste Forms for Mixed Wastes: U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9459. NRC. 1999c. Groundwater and Soil Cleanup: Improving Management of Persistent Contaminants. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9615. NRC. 1999b. An End State Methodology for Identifying Technology Needs for Environmental Management, with an Example from the Hanford Site Tanks. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=6366.

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62 Science and Technology for DOE Site Cleanup NRC. 1999a. Peer Review in Environmental Technology Development Programs: The Department of Energy's Office of Science and Technology. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=6408. NRC. 1998e. A Review of Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Development Programs at the Department of Energy. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=6290. NRC. 1998d. Interim Report of the Committee on Subsurface Contaminants at DOE Complex Sites: Research Needs and Opportunities. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9497. NRC. 1998c. Study of the Decision Process Related to Long-Term Disposition of U.S. Department of Energy Waste Sites and Facilities: Interim Report. NRC. 1998b. Systems Analysis and Systems Engineering in Environmental Remediation Programs at the Department of Energy Hanford Site. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=6224. NRC. 1998a. Research Reactor Aluminum Spent Fuel: Treatment Options for Disposal. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=6099. NRC 1997e. Innovations in Ground Water and Soil Cleanup. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5781. NRC. 1997d. Peer Review in the Department of Energy-Office of Science and Technology: Interim Report. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5939. NRC. 1997c. Building an Effective Environmental Management Science Program: Final Assessment. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5557. NRC. 1997b. Barrier Technologies for Environmental Management. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5539. NRC. 1997a. Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternatives for the Removal and Disposition of Molten Salt Reactor Experiment Fluoride Salts. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5538. NRC. 1996i. Affordable Cleanup? Opportunities for Cost Reduction in the Decontamination and Decommissioning of the Nation’s Uranium Enrichment Facilities. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5114. NRC. 1996h. Letter Report on the Fiscal Year 1997 Program Announcement for the Department of Energy’s Environmental Management Science Program. (Note: This report is reprinted in NRC, 1997c.)

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National Research Council Reports 63 NRC. 1996g. Building an Effective Environmental Management Science Program: Initial Assessment. (Note: This report is reprinted in NRC 1997c.) NRC. 1996f. Glass as a Waste Form and Vitrification Technology: Summary of an International Workshop. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5488. NRC. 1996e. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: A Potential Solution for the Disposal of Transuranic Waste. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5269. NRC. 1996d. The Hanford Tanks: Environmental Impacts and Policy Choices. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5403. NRC. 1996c. The Potential Role of Containment-in-Place in an Integrated Approach to the Hanford Reservation Site Environmental Remediation. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9533. NRC. 1996b. Barriers to Science: Technical Management of the Department of Energy Environmental Remediation Program. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10229. NRC. 1996a. Environmental Management Technology-Development Program at the Department of Energy: 1995 Review. http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5172. NRC. 1995c. Improving the Environment: An Evaluation of DOE’s Environmental Management Program. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=5173. NRC. 1995b. Committee on Environmental Management Technologies Report for the Period Ending December 31, 1994. NRC. 1995a. Safety of the High-Level Uranium Ore Residues at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, Lewiston, New York. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9161. NRC 1994d. Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=2311. NRC. 1994c. Building Consensus Through Risk Assessment and Management of the Department of Energy's Environmental Remediation Program. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=9480. NRC. 1994b. Letter Report of the Committee on Buried and Tank Wastes to Thomas P. Grumbly, Assistant Secretary for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, U.S. Department of Energy, Concerning Systems Analysis at Hanford. NRC. 1994a. Letter Report of the Committee on Buried and Tank Wastes to John E. Baublitz, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Environmental Restoration, U.S. Department of Energy,

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64 Science and Technology for DOE Site Cleanup Concerning the Integrated Large-Scale Aquifer Pumping and Infiltration Test at INEL. NRC. 1993. Comments and Recommendations Based on the Report "The Shallow Land Burial of Low-Level Radioactively Contaminated Solid Waste." NRC. 1992c. HSST Panel Comments on Draft Systems Engineering Study for Closure of Hanford Single-Shell Tanks. NRC. 1992b. WIPP Committee Letter Report on Bintests at the WIPP Site. NRC. 1992a. Review of Analyses by the U.S. Department of Energy of Selected Technical Issues in the Environmental Protection Agency Standards for High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes (40 CFR 191). NRC. 1991b. HSST/BTRU-INEL Panel's Letter Report of Review Comments on the Department of Energy's Intent to Prepare a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement on the Department's Proposed Integrated Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Program. NRC. 1991a. WIPP Panel Letter Report Summarizing Views on the Status of DOE's Scientific and Technical Program to Assess the WIPP's Ability to Isolate Transuranic (TRU) Waste and to Demonstrate Compliance with the Relevant Regulations. NRC. 1989c. BRWM Letter Report of Review Comments on DOE's Applied Research, Development, Demonstration, Testing, and Evaluation Plan. NRC. 1989b. WIPP Panel Letter Report of Review Comments on DOE Document DOE/WIPP 89-011: Draft Plan for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Test Phase: Performances Assessment and Operations Demonstration. NRC. 1989a. BRWM Letter Report on the U.S. Department of Energy Predecisional Draft II of the Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Five-Year Plan. NRC. 1988b. WIPP Panel Letter Report on Brine Accumulation in the WIPP Facility. NRC. 1988a. WIPP Panel Letter Report on Intermediate-Scale Experiments of Room Closure Rates. NRC. 1987c. Scientific Basis for Risk Assessment and Management of Uranium Mill Tailings. NRC. 1987b. BRWM Letter Report on the Defense Waste Management Plan for Buried Transuranic Waste, Transuranic Contaminated Soil, and Difficult-to-Certify Transuranic Waste.

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National Research Council Reports 65 NRC. 1987a. WIPP Panel Letter Report on the Planned Sorbing Tracer Tests at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. NRC. 1985b. The Management of Radioactive Waste at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory: A Technical Review. NRC. 1985a. BRWM Letter Report Transmitting Recommendations on the Management of Defense Wastes at Hanford to the U.S. Department of Energy. NRC. 1984b. Social and Economic Aspects of Radioactive Waste Disposal. NRC. 1984a. Review of the Scientific and Technical Criteria for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. NRC. 1983. Review of the Criteria for the Site Suitability, Design, Construction, and Operation of the Proposed Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP): Interim Report. NRC. 1981. Radioactive Waste Management at the Savannah River Plant: A Technical Review. NRC. 1980. Continuing Evaluation of the Carlsbad Site: Report to the U.S. Department of Energy. NRC. 1979d. WIPP Panel Letter Report on the U.S. Department of Energy's Draft Site Characterization Report, SAND-78-1956. NRC. 1979c. WIPP Panel Letter Report Regarding the Desirability of Sinking an Exploratory Shaft at the WIPP Site. NRC. 1979b. Implementation of Long-Term Environmental Radiation Standards: The Issue of Verification. NRC. 1979a. Solidification of High-Level Radioactive Wastes. NRC. 1978b. Radioactive Wastes at the Hanford Reservation: A Technical Review. NRC. 1978a. Geological Criteria for Repositories for High-Level Radioactive Waste. NRC. 1976. Shallow Land Burial of Low-Level Radioactively Contaminated Solid Waste. NRC. 1975. Interim Storage of Solidified High-Level Wastes. NRC. 1974. Transportation of High-Level Nuclear Wastes: Letter Report of the Panel on Transportation of Radioactive Wastes. NRC. 1972. An Evaluation of the Concept of Storing Radioactive Waste in Bedrock Below the Savannah River Plant Site. NRC. 1970b. Disposal of Solid Radioactive Waste in Bedded Salt Deposits. NRC. 1970a. Radioactive Waste Management: An Interim Report of the Committee on Radioactive Waste Management.

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66 Science and Technology for DOE Site Cleanup NRC. 1966. Review of Radioactive Waste Disposal Technology— Report to the Division of Reactor Development and Technology, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. NRC. 1958. Thermal Considerations in Deep Disposal of Radioactive Waste. NRC. 1957. The Disposal of Radioactive Waste on Land. http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=10294. NRC. 1956. Summary report of the Committee on Disposal and Dispersal of Radioactive Wastes. In The Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation: Summary Reports from a Study by the National Academy of Sciences.