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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This project was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the Alzheimer’s Association; Amgen, Inc.; AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; the Department of Health and Human Services’ National Institutes of Health (Contract No. N01-OD-4-213) through the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), the National Institute on Aging (NIA), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Eye Institute (NEI), the NIH Blueprint for Neuroscience Research, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS); Eli Lilly and Company; GE Healthcare, Inc.; GlaxoSmithKline, Inc.; Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC; Merck Research Laboratories, Inc.; the National Multiple Sclerosis Society; the National Science Foundation (Contract No. OIA-0647541); Pfizer Global Research and Development, Inc.; and the Society for Neuroscience. The views presented in this publication are those of the editors and attributing authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

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International Standard Book Number-10:0-309-10889-6

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Suggested citation: Institute of Medicine. 2008. Neuroscience biomarkers and biosignatures: Converging technologies, emerging partnerships, workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

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