TABLE 4-3 Head-to-Head Exposure Studies, No Control (Exposure)

Study

Populationa

Arm (N)

Handling of Dropouts and % Completed Tx by Arm

PTSD Outcome Measure

Van Minnen and Foa, 2006

Mixed sex, domestic and job violence, sexual assault

Total (92)

ITT (LOCF)

PSS-I

E(PE) (60)

77%

E (32)

84%

Hembree, 2004

Female, S&NS assault

Total (75)

NR

PSS-I

E (41)

 

E+CR (34)

 

Otto et al., 2003

Female, genocide, war (all on clonazepam)

Total (10)

NR

CAPS

SSRI (5)

 

SSRI+CBT (5)

 

Lee et al., 2002

Mixed sex, NR

Total (24)c

NR, unclear

SI-PTSD

EMDR (12)

76.9 or 71.4

E+CS (12)

84.6 or 78.6

Paunovic and Ost, 2001

Mixed sex, refugees

Total (16)

NR

CAPS total severity

E (8)

80%

E+CR (8)

 

Devilly and Spence, 1999

Mixed sex, mixed trauma

Total (32)

NR

PSS-SR

E+CR (15)

80%

EMDR (17)

65%

Tarrier et al., 1999

Mixed sex, crime, accidents, other

Total (72)

NR

CAPS

CR (37)

89%

E (35)

83%

aIn the population column, male alone or female alone denotes that at least 80% of the study population was male or female. If only one trauma type is listed, at least 80% of the study population reported that type of trauma.

bPTSD outcome measure change data were obtained either directly from the study, when provided, or by subtracting data reported at treatment completion (not follow-up data) from baseline data (before treatment began). Average baseline score when reported or when baseline



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