TABLE 4-8 Other Psychotherapies



Arm (N)

Handling of Dropouts and % Completed Tx by Arm

PTSD Outcome Measure

Lindauer et al., 2005

Mixed sex, mixed trauma

Total (24)


PTSD diagnosis per SI-PTSD

OT (BEP)c (12)


WL (12)


Gersons et al., 2000

Mixed sex, police work

Total (42)


PTSD symptomsd(SI-PTSD data NR)

OT (BEP) (22)


WL (20)


Peniston and Kulkosky, 1991


Total (29)



Male, trauma type NR

OT (BN)f (15)


UCg (14)


Brom et al., 1989

Mixed sex, mixed trauma

Total (112)


IES Total

E (31)


OT (H)h (29)


OT (P)i (29)


WL (23)


aIn the population column, male alone or female alone denotes that at least 80% of the study population was male or female. If only one trauma type is listed, at least 80% of the study population reported that type of trauma.

bPTSD outcome measure change data were obtained either directly from the study, when provided, or by subtracting data reported at treatment completion (not follow-up data) from baseline data (before treatment began). Average baseline score when reported or when baseline scores for all arms are nearly the same; otherwise, baseline scores listed individually in order of arm.

cBrief eclectic psychotherapy, a combination of CBT and psychodynamic approaches including relationship and work issues.

what was considered an adequate dose of 80 percent of treatment sessions). See Table 4-9 for a summary of included studies.

Synthesis: The committee judged the overall body of evidence regarding group therapy formats to be low quality to inform a conclusion regarding efficacy because of the lack of well-designed studies comparing group and individual formats and including appropriate controls. The committee is uncertain about the presence of an effect, and believes that future well-designed studies will have an important impact on confidence in the effect and the size of the effect.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement