TABLE 4-9 Group Therapy

Study

Populationa

Arm (N)

Handling of Dropouts and % Completed Tx by Arm

PTSD Outcome Measure

Chard et al., 2005

Female, sexual abuse

Total (71)

ITT (LOCF)

CAPS

E+CR (36)

83.3%

MC (35)

80.0%

Falsetti, et al. 2001

Female, mixed trauma

Total (22)

NR

CAPS

E (7)

Unclear

WL (15)m

 

Schnurr et al., 2003

Male, combat

Total (360)

Mixed model

CAPS

E+CR (180)

66%

CS (PCT) (180)

75%

Zlotnick, 1997

Female, childhood sexual abuse

Total (48)c

Completers

DTS

CS (17)

71%

WL (16)

75%

aIn the population column, male alone or female alone denotes that at least 80% of the study population was male or female. If only one trauma type is listed, at least 80% of the study population reported that type of trauma.

bPTSD outcome measure change data were obtained either directly from the study, when

restructuring, coping skills training, other therapies, and psychotherapies administered in a group format—the committee found the evidence for all but one psychotherapeutic approach inadequate to reach a conclusion regarding efficacy. The evidence was sufficient to conclude the efficacy of exposure therapies in treating patients with PTSD.

REFERENCES

APA (American Psychiatric Association). 2004. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. Washington, DC: APA.

Basoglu, M., M. Livanou, E. Salcioglu, and D. Kalender. 2003. A brief behavioural treatment of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder in earthquake survivors: Results from an open clinical trial. Psychological Medicine 33(4):647-654.

Basoglu, M., E. Salcioglu, M. Livanou, D. Kalender, and G. Acar. 2005. Single-session behavioral treatment of earthquake-related posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized waiting list controlled trial. Journal of Traumatic Stress 18(1):1-11.

Basoglu, M., E. Salcioglu, and M. Livanou. 2007. A randomized controlled study of single-session behavioural treatment of earthquake-related post-traumatic stress disorder using an earthquake simulator. Psychological Medicine 37(2):203-213.



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