Assessor Blinded?

Baselineb and Change in PTSD Measure

Statistically Significant? (versus control)

Loss of Diagnosis (%)

Principal Limitations


65.46, 68.30



No major limitations













Dropout or completer numbers not reported










80.41, 82.01


≥10 pts drop on CAPS

No major limitations (34% dropout well handled)












No (self-response)

66.88, 74.69



29% dropout rate with completers analysis




− 1.63



provided, or by subtracting data reported at treatment completion (not follow-up data) from baseline data (before treatment began). Average baseline score when reported or when baseline scores for all arms are nearly the same; otherwise, baseline scores listed individually in order of arm.

cFifteen dropped out.

Blanchard, E. B., and E. J. Hickling. 2004. The Albany treatment study: A randomized, controlled comparison of cognitive-behavioral therapy and support in the treatment of chronic PTSD secondary to MVAs. In After the crash: Psychological assessment and treatment of survivors of motor vehicle accidents, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Pp. 315-347.

Boudewyns, P. A., and L. Hyer. 1990. Physiological response to combat memories and preliminary treatment outcome in Vietnam veteran PTSD patients treated with direct therapeutic exposure. Behavior Therapy 21(1):63-87.

Boudewyns, P. A., and L. A. Hyer. 1996. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) as treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy 3(3):185-195.

Boudewyns, P. A., L. Hyer, M. G. Woods, W. R. Harrison, and E. McCranie. 1990. PTSD among Vietnam veterans: An early look at treatment outcome using direct therapeutic exposure. Journal of Traumatic Stress 3(3):359-368.

Boudewyns, P. A., S. Stwertka, L. Hyer, J. Albrecht, and E. Sperr. 1993. Eye movement desensitization for PTSD of combat: A treatment outcome pilot study. Behavior Therapist 16(2):29-33.

Brady, K. T., B. S. Dansky, S. E. Back, E. B. Foa, and K. M. Carroll. 2001. Exposure therapy in the treatment of PTSD among cocaine-dependent individuals: Preliminary findings. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 21(1):47-54.

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