EVALUATING THE EVIDENCE

In the chapters that follow, the committee applies the methods and background knowledge described in the present chapter to assess the available evidence on PTSD treatment modalities, first pharmacotherapy (Chapter 3) then psychotherapy (Chapter 4). The narrative for each modality describes the committee’s assessments of individual studies and summarizes the body of evidence. The chapters include abbreviated evidence tables with key information about studies that contributed to reaching conclusions about the evidence regarding the efficacy of each treatment modality.

REFERENCES

Bisson, J., and M. Andrew. 2006. Psychological treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3):CD003388.

Bradley, R., J. Greene, E. Russ, L. Dutra, and D. Westen. 2005. A multidimensional meta-analysis of psychotherapy for PTSD. American Journal of Psychiatry 162(2):214-227.

Comer, A., and D. Figgitt. 2000. Sertraline: A review of its therapeutic use in post-traumatic stress disorder. Adis International 14(5):391-407(317).

Davidson, P. R., and K. C. Parker. 2001. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR): A meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 69(2):305-316.

Dow, B., and N. Kline. 1997. Antidepressant treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression in veterans. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry 9(1):1-5.

Foa, E. B., and E. A. Meadows. 1997. Psychosocial treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder: A critical review. Annual Review of Psychology 48:449-480.

Foa, E., T. Keane, and M. Friedman. 2000. Effective treatments for PTSD: Practice guidelines from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. New York: The Guilford Press.

Friedman, M. 2000. Pharmacotherapy. In Effective treatments for PTSD: Practice guidelines from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. Edited by E. Foa, T. Keane, and M. Friedman. New York: The Guilford Press. Pp. 320-325.

Harvey, A. G., R. A. Bryant, and N. Tarrier. 2003. Cognitive behaviour therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Clinical Psychology Review 23(3):501-522.

Hembree, E. A., and E. B. Foa. 2003. Interventions for trauma-related emotional disturbances in adult victims of crime. Journal of Traumatic Stress 16(2):187-199.

Maxfield, L., and L. Hyer. 2002. The relationship between efficacy and methodology in studies investigating EMDR treatment of PTSD. Journal of Clinical Psychology 58(1):23-41.

Mooney, P., J. Oakley, M. Ferriter, and T. R. 2004. Sertraline as a treatment for PTSD: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine 21(3):100-103.

Rothbaum, B. O., E. A. Meadows, P. Resick, and D. W. Fog. 2000. Cognitive–behavioral therapy. In Effective treatments for PTSD: Practice guidelines from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. Edited by E. Foa, T. Keane, and M. Friedman. New York: The Guilford Press. Pp. 60-83.

Shepherd J., K. Stein, and R. Milne. 2000. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder: A review of an emerging therapy. Psychological Medicine 30(4):863-871.

Sherman, J. J. 1998. Effects of psychotherapeutic treatments for PTSD: A meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials. Journal of Traumatic Stress 11(3):413-435.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement