Appendix E
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Acs, Z., and D. Audretsch. 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

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Appendix E Bibliography Acs, Z., and D. Audretsch. 1988. “Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An Empirical Analysis.” The American Economic Reiew 78(4):678-690. Acs, Z., and D. Audretsch. 1990. Innoation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Advanced Technology Program. 2001. Performance of 0 Completed ATP Projects, Status Report . National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 950-2. Washington, DC: Advanced Technology Program/National Institute of Standards and Technology/U.S. Depart - ment of Commerce. Alic, John A., Lewis Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton B. Carter, and Gerald L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spinoff: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. American Association for the Advancement of Science. “R&D Funding Update on NSF in the FY2007.” Available online at . American Psychological Association. 2002. “Criteria for Evaluating Treatment Guidelines.” American Psychologist 57(12):1052-1059. Archibald, R., and D. Finifter. 2000. “Evaluation of the Department of Defense Small Business In - novation Research Program and the Fast Track Initiative: A Balanced Approach.” In National Research Council. The Small Business Innoation Research Program: An Assessment of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiatie. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Archibald, Robert, and David Finifter. 2003. “Evaluating the NASA Small Business Innovation Research Program: Preliminary Evidence of a Tradeoff Between Commercialization and Basic Research.” Research Policy 32:605-619. Arrow, Kenneth. 1962. “Economic welfare and the allocation of resources for invention.” Pp. 609-625 in The Rate and Direction of Inentie Actiity: Economic and Social Factors. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Arrow, Kenneth. 1973. “The theory of discrimination.” Pp. 3-31 in Discrimination in Labor Market. Orley Ashenfelter and Albert Rees, eds. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Audretsch, David B. 1995. Innoation and Industry Eolution. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Audretsch, David B., and Maryann P. Feldman. 1996. “R&D spillovers and the geography of innova - tion and production.” American Economic Reiew 86(3):630-640. 7

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 APPENDIX E National Research Council. 2004. The Small Business Innoation Research Program: Program Diersity and Assessment Challenges. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006. Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006. Deconstructing the Computer. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006. Software, Growth, and the Future of the U.S. Economy. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006. The Telecommunications Challenge: Changing Technologies and Eoling Policies. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. Enhancing Productiity Growth in the Information Age: Measuring and Sustaining the New Economy. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. India’s Changing Innoation System: Achieements, Challenges, and Opportunities for Cooperation. Charles W. Wessner and Sujai J. Shivakumar, eds. Wash- ington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. Innoation Policies for the st Century. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. SBIR and the Phase III Challenge of Commercialization. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the Department of Defense. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the Department of Energy. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Science Foun- dation. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Institutes of Health. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Science Board. 2005. Science and Engineering Indicators 00. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Board. 2006. Science and Engineering Indicators 00. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Foundation. 2004. Federal R&D Funding by Budget Function: Fiscal Years 00- 00 (historical tables). NSF 05-303. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. National Science Foundation. 2006. “SBIR/STTR Phase II Grantee Conference, Book of Abstracts.” Office of Industrial Innovation. May 18-20, 2006, Louisville, Kentucky. National Science Foundation. Committee of Visitors Reports and Annual Updates. Available online at . National Science Foundation. Emerging Technologies. Available online at . National Science Foundation. Guidance for Reviewers. Available online at . National Science Foundation. National Science Foundation at a Glance. Available online at . National Science Foundation. National Science Foundation Manual 14, NSF Conflicts of Interest and Standards of Ethical Conduct. Available online at .

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7 APPENDIX E Price Waterhouse. 1985. Surey of Small High-tech Businesses Shows Federal SBIR Awards Spurring Job Growth, Commercial Sales. Washington, DC: Small Business High Technology Institute. Roberts, Edward B. 1968. “Entrepreneurship and technology.” Research Management (July): 249-266. Romer, P. 1990. “Endogenous technological change.” Journal of Political Economy 98:71-102. Rosa, Peter, and Allison Dawson. 2006. “Gender and the commercialization of university science: Ac- ademic founders of spinout companies.” Entrepreneurship & Regional Deelopment 18(4):341- 366. July. Rosenberg, N. 1969. “The Direction of Technological Change: Inducement Mechanisms and Focusing Devices.” Economic Deelopment and Cultural Change, 18:1-24. Rosenbloom, R., and Spencer, W. 1996. Engines of Innoation: U.S. Industrial Research at the End of an Era. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Rubenstein, A. H. 1958. Problems Financing New Research-Based Enterprises in New England. Boston, MA: Federal Reserve Bank. Ruegg, Rosalie, and Irwin Feller. 2003. A Toolkit for Ealuating Public R&D Inestment Models, Methods, and Findings from ATP’s First Decade. NIST GCR 03-857. Ruegg, Rosalie, and Patrick Thomas. 2007. Linkages from DoE’s Vehicle Technologies R&D in A danced Energy Storage to Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles, and Electric Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Sahlman, W. A. 1990. “The structure and governance of venture capital organizations.” Journal of Financial Economics 27:473-521. Saxenian, Annalee. 1994. Regional Adantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. SBIR World. SBIR World: A World of Opportunities. Available online at . Scherer, F. M. 1970. Industrial Market Structure and Economic Performance. New York: Rand McNally College Publishing. Schumpeter, J. 1950. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. New York: Harper and Row. Scotchmer, S. 2004. Innoation and Incenties. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. Scott, J. T. 1998. “Financing and leveraging public/private partnerships: The hurdle-lowering auc - tion.” STI Reiew 23:67-84. Scott, J. T. 2000. “An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program in New Eng - land: Fast Track Compared with Non-Fast Track.” In National Research Council. The Small Business Innoation Research Program: An Assessment of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiatie. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Siegel, D., D. Waldman, and A. Link. 2004. “Toward a Model of the Effective Transfer of Scientific Knowledge from Academicians to Practitioners: Qualitative Evidence from the Commercial - ization of University Technologies.” Journal of Engineering and Technology Management 21(1-2). Silverstein, S. C., H. H. Garrison, and S. J. Heinig. 1995. “A Few Basic Economic Facts about Re - search in the Medical and Related Life Sciences.” FASEB 9:833-840. Society for Prevention Research. 2004. Standards of Eidence: Criteria for Efficacy, Effectieness and Dissemination. Available online at . Sohl, Jeffrey. 1999. Venture Capital 1(2). Sohl, Jeffery, John Freear, and W.E. Wetzel Jr. 2002. “Angles on Angels: Financing Technology- Based Ventures—An Historical Perspective.” Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance 4(4). Solow, R. S. 1957. “Technical Change and the Aggregate Production Function.” Reiew of Economics and Statistics 39:312-320. Stiglitz, J. E., and A. Weiss. 1981. “Credit rationing in markets with incomplete information.” Ameri- can Economic Reiew 71:393-409.

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 APPENDIX E Stokes, Donald E. 1997. Pasteur’s Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innoation. Washing- ton, DC: The Brookings Institution. Stowsky, J. 1996. “Politics and Policy: The Technology Reinvestment Program and the Dilemmas of Dual Use.” Mimeo. University of California. Tassey, Gregory. 1997. The Economics of R&D Policy. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. Tibbetts, R. 1997. “The Role of Small Firms in Developing and Commercializing New Scientific Instrumentation: Lessons from the U.S. Small Business Innovation Research Program,” in J. Irvine, B. Martin, D. Griffiths, and R. Gathier, eds. Equipping Science for the st Century. Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar Press. Tirman, John. 1984. The Militarization of High Technology. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger. Tyson, Laura, Tea Petrin, and Halsey Rogers. 1994. “Promoting entrepreneurship in Eastern Europe.” Small Business Economics 6:165-184. University of New Hampshire Center for Venture Research. 2007. The Angel Market in 00. Avail- able online at . U.S. Congress, House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. 1992. SBIR and Commercial- ization: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Technology and Competitieness of the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, on the Small Business Innoation Research [SBIR] Program. Testimony of James A. Block, President of Creare, Inc. Pp. 356-361. U.S. Congress. House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. 1992. The Small Business Research and Deelopment Enhancement Act of 99. House Report (REPT. 102-554) Part I (Committee on Small Business). U.S. Congress. House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. 1998. Unlocking Our Future: Toward a New National Science Policy: A Report to Congress by the House Committee on Sci- ence, Space, and Technology. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Available online at . U.S. Congress. House Committee on Small Business. Subcommittee on Workforce, Empower- ment, and Government Programs. 2005. The Small Business Innoation Research Program: Opening Doors to New Technology. Testimony by Joseph Hennessey. 109th Cong., 1st sess., November 8. U.S. Congress. House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Technology and Innovation. 2007. Hearing on “Small Business Innovation Research Authorization on the 25th Program Anniversary.” Testimony by Robert Schmidt. April 26. U.S. Congress. Senate Committee on Small Business. 1999. Senate Report 106-330. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program. August 4, 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Congress. Senate Committee on Small Business. 1981. Small Business Research Act of 1981. S.R. 194, 97th Congress. U.S. Congress. Senate Committee on Small Business. 1999. Senate Report 106-330. Small Business Innoation Research (SBIR) Program. August 4. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Congress. Senate Committee on Small Business. 2006. Strengthening the Participation of Small Businesses in Federal Contracting and Innoation Research Programs. Testimony by Michael Squillante. 109th Cong., 2nd sess., July 12. U.S. Congressional Budget Office. 1985. Federal financial support for high-technology industries. Washington, DC: U.S. Congressional Budget Office. U.S. Department of Education. 2005. “Scientifically-Based Evaluation Methods: Notice of Final Priority.” Federal Register 70(15):3586-3589. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 1981. Protecting Human Subjects: Untrue Statements in Ap - plication. 21 C.F.R. §314.12 U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Critical Path Initiatie. Available online at .

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