Before this, he was deputy program manager for three years for the Biological Threat Reduction Program Office, under Dr. I. Gary Resnick, and guided the development and execution of a $40 million program in all areas of biothreats, from genomics to sensor systems to system modeling to operations. As a project manger, he oversaw projects that were challenging and often considered to be in the “too hard to do” box. The key to success was enabling diverse teams to break limiting barriers and discover synergistic advantages of diverse contributions. His published research covers multiphase flows, inertially confined fusion, combustion modeling, self-organizing knowledge creation, diversity in collective systems, and developmental theories of evolution. His current areas of interest are biodefense, epidemiology—particularly pandemic influenza, and modeling the dynamics of social collectives and social identity.

William P. Bahnfleth is professor of architectural engineering and the founding director of the Indoor Environment Center (IEC) at the Pennsylvania State University. He has nearly 25 years of experience as a design engineer, researcher, and educator in the building mechanical systems field. He teaches and conducts research on systems for controlling indoor air quality and efficient utilization of energy in building heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. Current areas of investigation include thermal energy storage, ultraviolet germicidal irradiation for the control of bioaerosols, demand-controlled ventilation, and design of HVAC systems to mitigate the effects of chemical and biological releases. As a consultant, he has assisted in the design of more than a dozen thermal storage systems in the United States, Canada, Australia, and Saudi Arabia. Dr. Bahnfleth served on the NRC Committee on Safe Buildings Program.

Cynthia Bruckner-Lea currently manages the Chemical and Biological Sciences Group at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), which is focused on chemical and biological detection and forensics research and development. She received a B.S. in chemical engineering from the University of California, Davis, and a Ph.D. in bioengineering from the University of Utah. Dr. Bruckner-Lea has developed several bioanalytical research programs for environmental monitoring and medical applications. For example, she led interdisciplinary research teams in developing automated pathogen detection systems based on nucleic acid analysis using planar microarrays and bead suspension arrays, a project team focused on the development of nanoparticle labels and methods for rapid antibody-based pathogen detection, and a multilaboratory team developing a broad-spectrum point biodetection system. She served as the chair of the Sensor Division of the Electrochemical Society from 2002 to 2004. She often organizes symposia and is an invited speaker at many sensor symposia. Dr. Bruckner-Lea served on the NRC Committee on Materials and Manufacturing Processes for Advanced Sensors.

Steven B. Buchsbaum is currently a senior program officer in the Global Health Technologies program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. His areas of focus

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