reaps major economic rewards. Further, the DOE should evaluate the new NSRCs by metrics that include success in attracting a diverse set of industrial users and by other metrics as highlighted in the previous section. The National Nanotechnology Coordination Office, in its arrangement of the triennial review of the NNI, should evaluate all NNI-funded centers and networks of centers by similar metrics. For further discussion, see Chapter 11.
Recommendation: The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) should convene a study with participation from the Department of Energy, the Department of Defense, the National Science Foundation, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the physics community, and U.S. corporations to evaluate the performance of research and development (R&D) activities that might replace the basic science previously done by the large industrial laboratories and the contributions that those laboratories made to the training of future scientific leaders and educators. This next decade will involve a series of new approaches to long-term R&D designed to recapture the ability to work on large difficult projects based on fundamental CMMP research. Such an evaluation should be an ongoing activity of OSTP, since it may be several years before the performance of these activities can be adequately evaluated.