Energy, and the CMMP community are aimed at maintaining U.S. innovation in CMMP research.

Recommendation: Strong support should be maintained for individual and small groups of investigators, which are historically the primary source of innovation in CMMP. The ratio of support for individual and small groups of investigators relative to support for centers and facilities should not decline in the next decade.

Recommendation: The average success rates for the funding of proposals should be increased to more than 30 percent over the next 5 years in order to give junior scientists the opportunity to obtain research results before the tenure decision and to enable currently funded researchers to maintain continuity in their research programs.

Recommendation: The size of grants to individual and small groups of investigators should be increased to maintain the buying power of the average grant and to retain scientific talent in the United States.

Recommendation: The CMMP community should work to improve the representation of women and underrepresented minorities in CMMP through mentoring; providing flexible working conditions, day-care opportunities, and viable career paths; and developing outreach programs targeted to students and the public and aimed at increasing the numbers of prospective researchers.

Recommendation: The Faculty Early Career Development awards and other research grant awards should be made on the basis of research criteria, not education and outreach. Providing financial incentive for education and outreach activities would more effectively engage the community and encourage the best programs. The committee recommends a separate program for funding outreach and education (see Chapter 8 for further discussion of this recommendation).

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