and president and chief executive officer of SEMATECH. Dr. Spencer has held key research positions at Xerox Corporation, Bell Laboratories, and Sandia National Laboratories. He received the Regents Meritorious Service Medal from the University of New Mexico in 1981; the C.B. Sawyer Award for contribution to “The Theory and Development of Piezoelectric Devices” in 1972; and a citation for achievement from William Jewell College in 1969, where he also received a doctor of science degree in 1990. Dr. Spencer is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of IEEE, and he serves on numerous advisory groups and boards. He was the Regents Professor at the University of California in the spring of 1998. He has been a visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Engineering and the Haas School of Business since the fall of 1998. He is a research professor of medicine at the University of New Mexico. Dr. Spencer received an A.B. degree from William Jewell College in Liberty, Missouri, and an M.S. degree in mathematics and a Ph.D. in physics from Kansas State University.

Gabriel Aeppli

Gabriel Aeppli is the Quain Professor of Physics at University College London and the director of the London Centre for Nanotechnology. Prior to taking up these posts in the fall of 2002, he was a senior research scientist for NEC Labs America and a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at Bell Laboratories. He obtained a B.Sc. in mathematics and Ph.D., M.Sc., and B.Sc. in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His main research interests are quantum information processing, nanotechnology (including especially its manifestations in the life sciences), and particle and x-ray beam-based probes of condensed matter. Dr. Aeppli’s honors include the 2005 Buckley Prize of the APS, 2003 International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Magnetism Prize/Neel Medal, 2002 Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award, and the 2002 Mildner Lecturer, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University College London. He is a fellow of Riso National Laboratory, the American Physical Society, and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. In addition, he has been a member and chair of many panels, sponsored by the Department of Energy, American Physical Society, and the National Research Council, among others.

Samuel D. Bader

Samuel Bader is an Argonne Distinguished Fellow and serves as group leader for magnetic films and an associate director of Argonne National Laboratory’s Materials Science Division, and as chief scientist for the Center for Nanoscale Materials. Dr. Bader received his B.S. and Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley. His current research interests include employing nanotechnology to create novel permanent magnets and exploring laterally confined nanomagnets in order to develop magnetic electronics and bio-inspired, self-assembled magnetic

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