Cortis Cooper has been actively involved in ocean research and development since receiving his BSc and MSc in Engineering at MIT in 1977. He later returned and obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Maine in 1987. Dr. Cooper is an oceanographer in the energy technology company of Chevron. He is also a Chevron Fellow, one of 6 scientists and engineers chosen for their technical contributions to the company. His research efforts have included leading the first comprehensive velocity surveys of the Loop Current in the Gulf of Mexico in the early 1980s and developing a hurricane current model whose results were later adopted as the industry standard. Dr. Cooper has initiated and lead six Joint Industry Projects (JIP) one of them included 32 companies and another 25. These JIPs have successfully resolved major technical questions and established industry standards in some cases. He has been a contributing author of six books, published 14 journal articles, and 32 conference papers. A former member of the Ocean Studies Board, he served on the NRC Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects and the Review of JSOST Research Priorities Plan; and has been a frequent advisor to government agencies including NOAA, USGS, U.S. Navy, and the Minerals Management Service (MMS).

Michael J. Hayes is a climate impacts specialist for the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) and associate professor in the School of Natural Resources at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln (UNL). Since coming to UNL in 1995, Dr. Hayes has been mostly associated with the climate and bio-atmospheric sciences and human dimensions program areas and work in outreach and extension. His main research interests are precipitation indices, drought mitigation, drought impacts, drought vulnerability, risk analyses and remote sensing. Dr. Hayes received a bachelor's from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in Meteorology and his master's and doctorate from the University of Missouri-Columbia in Atmospheric Sciences

Gregory Jenkins is an associate professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy and the graduate director for the Howard University Program in Atmospheric Sciences (HUPAS). He has numerous research interests with an emphasis on regional climate change and precipitation processes in West Africa, anthropogenic and natural sources of tropospheric ozone in the tropics, and studies in paleoclimate. Dr. Jenkins joined Howard University during 2003 after spending 10 years at Penn State University as a faculty member and researcher in the Department of Meteorology and the Earth System Science System. He spent 2 years at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo. after finishing his doctoral research in atmospheric and space sciences at the University of Michigan. Dr. Jenkins is a member of the American Meteorological Society, the American Geophysical Union (AGU), is an associated editor for AGU-Journal of Geophysical Research and serves as a member on several national committees.

David Karoly is Williams Chair Professor of Meteorology at the University of Oklahoma. He joined the School of Meteorology faculty in January 2003 from Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, where he was Professor of Meteorology and Head of

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