REFERENCES

ACS (American Cancer Society). 2007. Cancer Facts & Figures 2007. Atlanta: ACS.

Adolphsen, C. 2005. Advances in normal conducting accelerator technology from the X-band linear collider program. Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference. 2005(1590396):204-208.

American Red Cross. 2007. Isodose curve in percentages for Gammacell 1000. Unpublished data provided by the American Red Cross, 2007.

ANL (Argonne National Laboratory). August 2005. Radiological dispersal device (RDD). Human Health Fact Sheet. Accessed at http://www.ead.anl.gov/pub/doc/rdd.pdf on May 4, 2007.

ANSI/API Spec 5L. 2007. Specification for Line Pipe, 44th ed. American Petroleum Institute.

ASM International. 1988. Nondestructive Evaluation and Quality Control. American Society of Nondestructive Testing, Columbus, OH (1988), Metals Handbook Volume 17: 295-357.

Asmuss, A. 1995. Early History of X Rays. Beam Line 25 (2): 10-24.

AuBuchon J. P., L. Herschel, J. Roger, H. Taylor, P. Whitley, J. Li, R. Edrich, R.P. Goodrich. 2005. Efficacy of apheresis platelets treated with riboflavin and ultraviolet light for pathogen reduction. Transfusion 45:1335-1341.

Auslender, V.L.; Bryazgin, A.A.; Gorbunov, V.A.; Cheskidov, V.G.; Gornakov, I.V.; Faktorovich, B.L.; Nekhaev, V.E.; Panfilov, A.D.; Sidorov, A.V.; Tkachenko, V.O.; Tuvik, A.F.; Voronin, L.A. 2005. Industrial Electron Accelerators Type ILU. Proceedings of the Particle Accelerator Conference in Knoxville, Tennessee on 16-20 May 2005, pp. 1572-1574.

Ayan, C, Haq, S.A., Boyd, A., El-Hamawi, M., Hafez, H.H., 1999, Integration of NMR, wireline tester, core and open hole log data for dynamic reservoir properties, SPE-53273, in 11th SPE Middle East oil show and conference proceedings: Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Badruzzaman, A. 2002. Tutorial on Nuclear Logging – A Subsurface Measurement Technology, Proc. 12th Biennial American Nuclear Society RPSD Topical Meeting, April 15-18, 2002, Santa Fe, NM.

Ballas, L. K., E. Elkin, D. Schrag, and B. Minsky. 2006. Radiation therapy facilities in the United States. International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 66:1204-1211.

Becker, A. J., J. R. Boyce, G.W. Corris, G. King III, and R. L. Bramblett, 1987. Detection of scattered x-rays from an electron linac in a borehole. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B24/25:995-998.

Beczek, K., J. W. Lewellen, A. Nassiri, and E.Tanabe. 2001. Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference 3:2206-2208.

Benjamin, R. J., J. McCullough, P. D. Mintz, E. Snyder, W. D. Spotnitz, R. J. Rizzo, D. Wages, J. S. Lin, L. Wood, L. Corash, and M. G. Conlan. 2005. Therapeutic efficacy and safety of red blood cells treated with a chemical process (S-303) for pathogen inactivation: A Phase III clinical trial in cardiac surgery patients. Transfusion, Nov; 45(11):1739-49.

Berejka, A. J. 1995. Irradiation processing in the 90's: Energy savings and environmental benefits. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 46(4-6):429-437.

Betti, O. O., and V. E. Derechinsky, 1984. Hyperselective encephalic irradiation with linear accelerator. Acta Neurochirurgica Suppl (Wien) 33:385-390.

Blettner, A., D. Chauveau, and F. Gresset. 2000. Results of the first industrial applications of the new generation of imaging plates. Proceedings of the 15th World Conference on Nondestructive Testing, Roma, Italy, October15-21, 2000. AlPnD, Brescia, Italy. Accessed at www.ndt.net/article/wcndt00/papers/idn175/idn175.htm on November 16, 2007.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 175
REFERENCES ACS (American Cancer Society). 2007. Cancer Facts & Figures 2007. Atlanta: ACS. Adolphsen, C. 2005. Advances in normal conducting accelerator technology from the X-band linear collider program. Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference. 2005(1590396):204-208. American Red Cross. 2007. Isodose curve in percentages for Gammacell 1000. Unpublished data provided by the American Red Cross, 2007. ANL (Argonne National Laboratory). August 2005. Radiological dispersal device (RDD). Human Health Fact Sheet. Accessed at http://www.ead.anl.gov/pub/doc/rdd.pdf on May 4, 2007. ANSI/API Spec 5L. 2007. Specification for Line Pipe, 44th ed. American Petroleum Institute. ASM International. 1988. Nondestructive Evaluation and Quality Control. American Society of Nondestructive Testing, Columbus, OH (1988), Metals Handbook Volume 17: 295-357. Asmuss, A. 1995. Early History of X Rays. Beam Line 25 (2): 10-24. AuBuchon J. P., L. Herschel, J. Roger, H. Taylor, P. Whitley, J. Li, R. Edrich, R.P. Goodrich. 2005. Efficacy of apheresis platelets treated with riboflavin and ultraviolet light for pathogen reduction. Transfusion 45:1335-1341. Auslender, V.L.; Bryazgin, A.A.; Gorbunov, V.A.; Cheskidov, V.G.; Gornakov, I.V.; Faktorovich, B.L.; Nekhaev, V.E.; Panfilov, A.D.; Sidorov, A.V.; Tkachenko, V.O.; Tuvik, A.F.; Voronin, L.A. 2005. Industrial Electron Accelerators Type ILU. Proceedings of the Particle Accelerator Conference in Knoxville, Tennessee on 16-20 May 2005, pp. 1572-1574. Ayan, C, Haq, S.A., Boyd, A., El-Hamawi, M., Hafez, H.H., 1999, Integration of NMR, wireline tester, core and open hole log data for dynamic reservoir properties, SPE-53273, in 11th SPE Middle East oil show and conference proceedings: Society of Petroleum Engineers. Badruzzaman, A. 2002. Tutorial on Nuclear Logging – A Subsurface Measurement Technology, Proc. 12th Biennial American Nuclear Society RPSD Topical Meeting, April 15-18, 2002, Santa Fe, NM. Ballas, L. K., E. Elkin, D. Schrag, and B. Minsky. 2006. Radiation therapy facilities in the United States. International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 66:1204-1211. Becker, A. J., J. R. Boyce, G.W. Corris, G. King III, and R. L. Bramblett, 1987. Detection of scattered x-rays from an electron linac in a borehole. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B24/25:995-998. Beczek, K., J. W. Lewellen, A. Nassiri, and E.Tanabe. 2001. Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference 3:2206-2208. Benjamin, R. J., J. McCullough, P. D. Mintz, E. Snyder, W. D. Spotnitz, R. J. Rizzo, D. Wages, J. S. Lin, L. Wood, L. Corash, and M. G. Conlan. 2005. Therapeutic efficacy and safety of red blood cells treated with a chemical process (S-303) for pathogen inactivation: A Phase III clinical trial in cardiac surgery patients. Transfusion, Nov; 45(11):1739-49. Berejka, A. J. 1995. Irradiation processing in the 90's: Energy savings and environmental benefits. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 46(4-6):429-437. Betti, O. O., and V. E. Derechinsky, 1984. Hyperselective encephalic irradiation with linear accelerator. Acta Neurochirurgica Suppl (Wien) 33:385-390. Blettner, A., D. Chauveau, and F. Gresset. 2000. Results of the first industrial applications of the new generation of imaging plates. Proceedings of the 15th World Conference on Nondestructive Testing, Roma, Italy, October15-21, 2000. AlPnD, Brescia, Italy. Accessed at www.ndt.net/article/wcndt00/papers/idn175/idn175.htm on November 16, 2007. 175

OCR for page 175
176 RADIATION SOURCE USE AND REPLACEMENT Booth, R. 1967. Rotating Neutron Target System. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 14:938-942. Boyce, J. R., G. King, W. Diamond, A. J. Becker, J. Doucet, and R. L. Bramblett. 1986. An electron linac as an x-ray source for measuring geological density. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 242:507-510. Bradley, J., D. Rees, R, Przeklasa, R. Jaitly, G. Schofield, M. Scott. 1999. Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference 2:1010-1012. Brandao-Mello, C.E., R. Farina, A. Rodrigues De Oliveira, M. P. Curado, J. F. Filho, and Q. C. B. Santos. 2000. Medical Follow-Up of the Radiation Accident with 137Cs In Goiania—An Update (1990-1994). In Restoration of Environments Affected by Residues from Radiological Accidents: Approaches to Decision Making. Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Rio de Janeiro and Goiania, Brazil, August 29-September 2, 1994. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency. Breidenback, M. Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Personal communication with T. Raubenheimer, 2007. Buckles, C., and P. Chipman. 1999. Ethylene Oxide User's Guide, second edition. Celanese Ltd., The Dow Chemical Company, Shell Chemical Company, Sunoco, Inc., and Equistar Chemicals, LP. Burkhart, B. 2006. Neutron Generators and Well Logging. Presentation to the committee. Burns, M., P. Allison, R. Carlson, J. Downing, D. Moir, and R. Shurter. 1996. Status of the Dual- Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamics Test Facility. Proceedings of the XVII Linac Conference. Butch, S. H. 1996. Blood Irradiation: A User’s Guide. Bethesda, Md.: AABB Press. Chao, A., Tigner, M., 1999. Handbook of Accelerator Physics and Engineering. World Scientific Publishing Co. Cassel, R., and M. N. Nguyen. 1997. Proceedings of the Particle Accelerator Conference 3482 Volume 3, Issue , 12-16 May 1997 Page(s):i - xviii. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2005. Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases: Food Irradiation. Accessed at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/foodirradiation.htm on November 16, 2007. CDC. July 2003. Dirty Bombs. Fact Sheet. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Accessed at http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/pdf/dirtybombs.pdf on November 16, 2007. Chang, D., H. Vinegar, C. Morriss, and C. Straley. 1993. Effective porosity, producible fluid and permeability in carbonates from NMR logging. Paper presented at Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts 34th Annual Logging Symposium, Alberta, Canada, June 13-16, 1993 Paper A. Chanin, D. I., and W. B. Murfin. May 1996. Contract Report. Site Restoration: Estimation of Attributable Costs from Plutonium Dispersal Accidents. Report No. SAND96-0957. Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. Chmielewski, A. G., and M. Haji-Saeid. 2004. Radiation technologies: Past, present and future. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 71:16–20N. Christofilos, N. C., R. E. Hester, W. A. S. Lamb, D. D. Reagan, W. A. Sherwood, and R. E. Wright. 1964. High Current Linear Induction Accelerator for Electrons. Review of Scientific Instruments 35:886. CIS-US, Inc., IBL-437 Blood Irradiator and DoseWriter. Accessed at http://www.cisusinc.com/ibl.htm on November 15, 2007.

OCR for page 175
REFERENCES 177 Clarke, D. R. 1983. Ceramic materials for the immobilization of nuclear waste. Annual Reviews of Materials Science 13:191-218. Clarke, D. R., P. E. D. Morgan, C. M. Jantzen,and A. B. Harke. 1981. High alumina tailored nuclear waste ceramics. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 64:249-258. Cleland, M. R. 2006. Presentation to the Committee on Radiation Source Use and Replacement. Washington, DC, December 8. Cleland, M. R.,Inventor. 1959. Voltage Multiplication Apparatus, U.S. Patent 2,875,394. Colombo, F., A. Benedetti, F. Pozza. 1985. External stereotactic irradiation by linear accelerator. Neurosurgery 16:154-160. Connell, L.W., L. C. Trost, S. W. Longley, and J. L. LaChance. May 2006. Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) Global Protection Architecture.Prepared for the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, Department of Homeland Security Washington, DC. Connell, L., L. C. Trost, and S. W. Longley. May 2003. A Risk Based Approach to Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) Analysis. Report No. SAND2003-1331, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM. Cook, S. S. 1996. Selection and installation of self-contained irradiators. Blood Irradiation: A Users Guide, S. H. Butch and A. Tiehen, eds., Bethesda, MD: AABB Press. Cook, D., A. Stassinopoulos S. Wollowitz, et al. 1998. In vivo analysis of packed red blood cells treated with S-303 to inactivate pathogens. Blood. 92(Suppl. 1): 503a. [Full author list not available] Corash, L., and L. Lin. 2004. Novel processes for inactivation of leukocytes to prevent transfusion-associated graft-verus-host disease. Bone Marrow Transplant 33:1-7. CRCPD. (Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors). July 11, 2007. CRCPD Assistance with Unwanted Radioactive Material. Accessed at http://www.crcpd.org/UnwantedRadMat.asp on November 15, 2007. CRCPD. 2006. Handbook for Responding to a Radiological Dispersal Device First Responder's Guide — The First 12 Hours. Creech, H.J. and A.P. O'Connell. 1981. Immunochemistry of conjugates prepared from serum albumins and acridine nitrogen mustards (ICR mutagens). Cancer Research. 1981;41:3844- 51. Creech, M. 2006. Considerations & Alternatives to Use of Gamma Radiation for Industrial Quality Assurance Applications. Presentation given to committee on October 26, 2006. De Cort, M., G. Dubois, Sh. D. Fridman, M. G. Germenchuk, Yu. A. Izrael, A. Janssens, A. R. Jones, G. N. Kelly, E. V. Kvasnikova, I. I. Matveenko, I. M. Nazarov, Yu. M. Pokumeiko, V. A. Sitak, E. D. Stukin, L. Ya. Tabachny, Yu. S. Tsaturov, 1998. Atlas of Caesium Deposition on Europe after the Chernobyl Accident, EUR Report nr. 16733, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Deeley, C. 2001. Food irradiation: Setting new standards or a slippery slope? Food Science and Technology 16(2):52-55. Dever, J. P., K. F. George, W. C. Hoffman, and H. Soo. 1994. Ethylene oxide. Pp. 915-959 in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Vol. 9, J. I. Kroschwitz and M. Howe- Grant, eds.. New York: John Wiley & Sons DHS (Department of Homeland Security). December 2004. National Response Plan. Accessed at http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/NRP_FullText.pdf on March 15, 2007.

OCR for page 175
178 RADIATION SOURCE USE AND REPLACEMENT DHS. 2003. Working Group on Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) Preparedness, Medical Preparedness and Response Sub-Group. 12/09/2003 version. Accessed at http://www1.va.gov/emshg/docs/Radiological_Medical_Countermeasures_Indexed-Final.pdf on November 16, 2007. Diversified Technologies, Inc. 2007. DTI Power Supplies. Accessed at http://www.divtecs.com/ps_06.htm on November 16, 2007. Dobashi, K., M. Uesaka, F. Sakamoto, T. Kaneyasu, T. Yamamoto, De Menga, J. Urakawa, T. Higo, M. Akemoto, and H. Hayano. 2005. Monochromatic tunable Compton scattering x-ray source using x-band multi-bunch linac and YAG laser circulation system. Japanese. Journal of Applied Physics 44:1999. DOE (Department of Energy). 2006. Report to the U.S. Congress Under Public Law 109-58, The Energy Policy Act of 2005. Report on Alternatives to Industrial Radioactive Sources. DOE. 1990. Interim Report of the DOE Type B Investigation Group: Cesium-137: A Systems Encapsulation to Release at Radiation Sterilizers, Inc., Decatur, Georgia. DOE/ORO--914. Oak Ridge, TN: DOE-Oak Ridge Operations Office. DOE/U.S. NRC (Department of Energy/U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission). 2003. Radiological Dispersal Devices: An Initial Study to Identify Radioactive Materials of Greatest Concern and Approaches to Their Tracking, Tagging, and Disposition. Report prepared by the DOE/NRC Interagency Working Group on Radiological Dispersal Devices for the U.S. NRC and the Secretary of Energy, May 7. Accessed at http://www.nti.org/e_research/official_docs/doe/DOE052003.pdf on November 16, 2007. Ebo, D. G., J. L. Bosmans, M. M. Couttenye, and W. J. Stevens. 2006. Haemodialysis- associated anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions. Allergy. 61:211-220. EIA (Energy Information Administration). 2006. Electric Power Annual 2005; Revised Data. DOE/EIA-0348(2005). Accessed at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html on November 16, 2007. Ellis, D. 1987. Well Logging for Earth Scientists. New York: Elsevier Science. Ennever, J.F., and W. T. Speck. 1981. Photodynamic reaction of riboflavin and deoxyguanosine. Pediatric Research 15:956-958. Enserink, M. 2007a. Entomology: Proven technology may get a makeover. Science 317(5836):312-313. Enserink, M. 2007b. Entomology: Welcome to Ethiopia's fly factory. Science 317(5845):1678 Eyharts, Ph., Ph. Anthouard, J. Bardy, C. Bonnafond, Ph. Delsart, A. Devin, P. Eyl, J. Labrouche, J. Launspach, J. De Mascureau, E, Merle, A. Roques, P. Letallandier, M. Thevenot, D. Villate, and L. Voisin, 1995. Status of the Airix Induction Accelerator. Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference, Dallas. Volume 1, Issue , 12-16 May 1997 Page(s):1254 - 1256 vol.1. Fast, L. D., G. DiLeone, J. Li, and R. Goodrich. 2006. Functional inactivation of white blood cells by Mirasol treatment. Transfusion 46:642-648. Faure, J., C. Rechatin, A. Norlin, A. Lifschitz, Y. Glinec, and V. Malka. 2006. Controlled injection and acceleration of electrons in plasma wakefields by colliding laser pulses. Nature 444:737. FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2004. Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004. Accessed at http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/alrgact.html on November 15, 2007. Federal Register. January 3, 2006. Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Preparedness Directorate; Protective Action Guides for Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) and Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) Incidents. 71(1):13414.

OCR for page 175
REFERENCES 179 Ferguson, C. D., and J. O. Lubenau. 2003. Securing U.S. radioactive sources. Issues in Science and Technology (Fall). Accessed at http://www.issues.org/20.1/ferguson.html on November 16, 2007. Ferguson, C. D., and W. C. Potter. 2004, The Four Faces of Nuclear Terrorism. Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Monterey, CA. Accessed at http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/books/4faces.htm on November 16, 2007. Ferguson, C. D., T. Kazi, and J. Perera. 2003. Commercial Radioactive Sources: Surveying the Security Risks. Occasional Paper No. 11, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Monterey, CA. Accessed at http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/opapers/op11/op11.pdf on November 16, 2007. Firestone, R. B., and V. S. Shirley (eds.) 1996. Table of Isotopes, Eighth Edition, Vols I and II. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Frame, P. W. 2004. A history of radiation detection instrumentation. Health Physics 87:111-135. Freund, L. B. 1998. A surface chemical potential for elastic solids. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 46:1835-1844. Fry, D. W., R. B. Harvie, L. B. Mullett, and W. Walkinshaw. 1947. Travelling wave linear accelerator for electrons. Nature 160:351. GAO (Government Accountability Office). 2005. NUCLEAR SECURITY: DOE Needs Better Information to Guide Its Expanded Recovery of Sealed Radiological Sources. GAO. 2002. Diffuse Security Threats: Technologies for Mail Sanitization Exist, but Challenges Remain. Accessed at http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02365.pdf on November 16, 2007. Garcia Gala, J.M., A. Ramirez Payer, C. Rayon, P. Rodriguez Vicente, C. Roson, and C. Blanco. 1993. Chronic postransfusion graft-vs-host disease in a patient with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Sangre. Barcelona, Spain. 38:489-491. Ginzton, E.L., Hansen, W.W., Kennedy, W.R. 1948. A linear accelerator, Review of Scientific Instruments. 19: 89-108. Grady, D. E. 1982. Local Inertial Effects in Dynamic Fragmentation. Journal of Applied Physics. Vol. 53: 322. Grass, J. A., D. J. Hei, K. Metchette, G. D. Cimino, G. P. Wiesehahn, L. Corash, and L. Lin.1998. Inactivation of leukocytes in platelet concentrates by photochemical treatment with psoralen plus UVA. Blood 91:2180-2188. Gross, P. M., Dixon, L.F. 1937. Method of Sterilization. United States Patent Office. Patent 2,075,845; Patented April 6, 1937. Haimes, Y. 2006. On the definition of vulnerabilities in measuring risks to infrastructures. Risk Analysis 26:293. Haimson, J. 1975. Recent advances in high voltage electron beam injectors. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 22:1303. Hambleton J., T. Greenwalt, M. Viele, et al. 1999. Post transfusion recovery after multiple exposures to red blood cell concentrates (RBCS) treated with a novel pathogen inactivation (P.I.) process. Blood 94(Suppl.):376a (abstract). [Full author list not available] Hardwick CC, Herivel TR, Hernandez SC, Ruane PH, Goodrich RP. Separation, identification and quantification of riboflavin and its photoproducts in blood products using high- performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection: a method to support pathogen reduction technology. Photochem Photobiol 2004; 80: 609–15. Harper, F., and S. V. Musolino. 2006, Emergency response guidance for the first 48 hours after the outdoor detonation of an explosive radiological dispersal device. Health Physics 90(4).

OCR for page 175
180 RADIATION SOURCE USE AND REPLACEMENT Harper, F. T., S. V. Musolino, and W. B. Wente. 2007. Realistic radiological dispersal device hazard boundaries and ramifications for early consequence management decisions. Health Physics 93(1):1-16. Hartmann, G. H., W. Schlegel, V. Sturm, B. Kober, O. Pastyr, and W. J. Lorenz. 1985. Cerebral radiation surgery using moving field irradiation at a linac facility. International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics 11:1185-1192. Hayashi, H., T. Nishiuchi, H. Tamura, K. Takeda. 1993. Transfusion-associated graft-verus-host disease caused by leukocyte-filtered stored blood. Anesthesiology. 79:1419-21. Health Physics Society. 2006. Continued Federal and State Action is Needed for Better Control of Radioactive Sources. Position Statement of the Health Physics Society. PS021-0, Adopted: January 2006. Accessed at http://hps.org/documents/sourcecontrol_ps021-0.pdf on July 13, 2007. Heim, M.U., R. Munker, H. Sauer, B. Wolf-Hornung, H. Knabe, E. Holler, M. Bock, W. Mempel. 1992. Graft versus host disease with fatal outcome after administration of filtered erythrocyte concentrates. Beitr Infusionsther. 30:178-81. Hendee, W. R., G. S. Ibbott, and E. G. Hendee. 2004. Radiation Therapy Physics, 3rd ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Liss. Hess, N. J., F. J. Espinosa, S. D. Conradson, and W. J. Weber. 2000. Beta radiation effects in 137 Cs substituted pollucite. Journal of Nuclear Materials 281:22-33. Hopewell Designs, Inc. 2007. Model G10 gamma beam irradiator. Accessed at http://www.hopewelldesigns.com/G10Irrad.htm on May 10, 2007. IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) 2006a. Dangerous quantities of radioactive material (D-values). Emergency Preparedness and Response. IAEA, Vienna, Austria. IAEA. 2006b. Environmental Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident and the Remediation: 20 Years of Experience. Report of the Chernobyl Forum Expert Group ‘Environment’. Radiological Assessment Reports Series, Vienna, Austria. IAEA 2005a. Categorization of Radioactive Sources, Safety Standards Series, RS-G-1.9, IAEA, Vienna, Austria. IAEA. 2005b. Record of the CEG Workshop, Security and Safety of Radioactive Sources: Decommissioning and Replacement of Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG), February 16-18 2005, Oslo, Norway. Accessed at http://www.iaea.org/OurWork/ST/NE/NEFW/CEG/documents/ws022005_record.pdf on November 15, 2007. IAEA. 2005c. Radiation Oncology Physics: A Handbook for Teachers and Students, E. B. Podgorsak, ed. Vienna, Austria: IAEA. IAEA. 2004a. Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources. IAEA, Vienna, Austria. IAEA. 2004b. Gamma Irradiators for Radiation Processing. Brochure. IAEA, Vienna, Austria. IAEA. 2003a. International Conference on Security of Radioactive Sources. Findings of the President of the Conference. International Conference on Security of Radioactive Sources, March 10-13, 2003, Vienna, Austria. Accessed at http://www- ns.iaea.org/downloads/rw/meetings/rdd_findings.pdf on November 15, 2007. IAEA. 2003b. Security of Radioactive Sources: Interim Guidance for Comment. IAEA Tecdoc 1355. IAEA, Vienna, Austria. IAEA. September 2002. Inadequate Control of World's Radioactive Sources. IAEA Press Release. Accessed at http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/PressReleases/2002/prn0209.shtml on November 16, 2007.

OCR for page 175
REFERENCES 181 IAEA. 2001. Measures to Improve the Security of Nuclear Materials and Other Radioactive Materials. Board of Governor’s General Conference, August,14, 2001in Stockholm, Sweden. IAEA. 1991. The International Chornobyl Project: Technical Report. IAEA, Vienna, Austria. IAEA. September 1988. The Radiological Accident in Goiânia. STI/PUB/815. IAEA, Vienna, Austria. Inspecta. 2007. Radiography with beatron up to 250 mm of steel. Accessed at http://www.inspecta.se/downloads/produktblad/010_on November 15, 2007. International System of Units (SI). 8th ed. Paris, France: Organisation Intergouvernementale de la Convention du Mètre; 2006 IPCS (International Programme on Chemical Safety). 2001. Ethylene oxide. International Chemical Safety Cards. Accessed at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0155.html. on November, 16, 2007. Jacobsen, S., D. May, J. Grant, and J. Little. 2006. Producibility prediction in gas sands through effective integration of NMR, resistivity and porosity log data. Paper I, presented at Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts 47th Annual Logging Symposium, June 4-7. Jammal, R. 2007. Verbal Communication with the Committee on Radiation Source Use and Replacement, January 9. Janatpour, K., L. Denning, K. Nelson, B. Betlach, M. MacKenzie, and P. Holland. 2005. Comparison of x-ray vs. gamma irradiation of CPDA-1 red cells. Vox Sanguinis 89:215-219. JME Ltd. 2007. Portable X-ray Betatron. Accessed at http://www.jme.co.uk/files/JME%20Datasheet%20PXB6.pdf on November 15, 2007. Johns, H. E., and J. R. Cunningham. 1984. The Physics of Radiology. Springfield, IL: Thomas. Johns, H. E., L. M. Bates, and E. R. Epp. 1951. 1000-Curie cobalt-60 units for radiation therapy, Nature 168:1035-1036. Jolie, J., W. Mondelaers, P. Cauwels, B. Masschaele, M. Dierick, P. Lahorte, S. Baechler, and T. Materna. 1998. On the construction of a tunable high-energy photon source. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 51:413-421. Jongen, Y., M. Abs, F. Genin, A. Nguyen, and J. M. Capdevila. 1993. The Rhodotron, a new 10 MeV, 100 kW, cw metric wave electron accelerator. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 79:865-870. Journal of American Dental Association. December 1991. 122: Kapetanakos, C., K. L. Len, T. Smith, S. J. Marsh, P. Loschialpo, D. Dialetis, and J. Mathew. 1993. The Naval Research Laboratory Modified Betatron Accelerator and assessment of its results. Physics of Fluids 5:2295-2313 Kaplan, S., and J. B. Garrick. 1981. On the quantitative definition of risk. Risk Analysis 1(1):11- 27. Kaplin, V.V., S. R. Uglov, O. F. Bulaev, V. J. Goncharov, A. A. Voronin, M. A. Piestrup, and C. K. Gary. 2002. Thin betatron radiators for more efficient x-ray generation. Review of Scientific Instruments 73:63. Kelly, H. 2002. Testimony of Dr. Henry Kelly, president of the Federation of American Scientists, before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, March 6. Kerst, D. W. 1940. Acceleration of electrons by magnetic induction. Physical Review 58:841. Khan, F. 2003. The Physics of Radiation Therapy, 3rd ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.

OCR for page 175
182 RADIATION SOURCE USE AND REPLACEMENT King, G., A. L Becker, G. W. Cords, J.R. Boyce, and R. L. Bramblett. 1987. Density Logging using an Electron Accelerator as the X-ray Source. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 24/25:990-994. Kirk, R. 2006. X-ray as a substitute for Class 2 self-contained gamma irradiators. Presentation to the Committee on Radiation Source Use and Replacement. Washington, DC, December 8. Kjellberg, R. N., A. Shintani, and A. G. Frantz. 1968. Proton beam in acromegaly. New England Journal of Medicine 278:689-695. Knoll, G. F. 2000. Radiation Detection and Measurement. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Komareni, S. and R. Roy, 1983. Hydrothermal Reaction and Dissolution Studies of CsAlSi5O12 in Water and Brines. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol 66: 471-474. Kunstad, P. 2001. Economic and Technical Considerations in Food Irradiation. pp 415-442. In: R. A. Molins, (ed.) Food Irradiation-Priciples and Applications. Wiley-Interscience, New York. LaMontagne, A. D., and K. T. Kelsey. 1998. Ethylene oxide. Pp. 1145-1155 in Environmental and Occupational Medicine, 3rd ed., W. N. Rom, (ed.). Philiadelphia: Lippincott-Raven. Larsson, B. K., L. Leksell, B. Rexed, P. Sourander, W. Mair, and B. Andersson. 1958. The high energy proton beam as a neurosurgical tool, Nature 182:1222-1223. Larsson, B. K., K. Liden, and B. Sorby. 1974. Irradiation of small structures through intact skull. Acta Radiological: Therapy, Physics, Biology 13:513-534. Lauffer, L., K.H. Weber, F. Hucho. 1979. Acetylcholine receptor. Binding properties and ion permeability response after covalent attachment of the local anaesthetic quinacrine. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 587:42-8. Lawrence, J. H., C. A. Tobias, J. L. Born, C. C. Wang, and J. H. Linfoot. 1962. Heavy particle irradiation in neo-plastic and neurologic disease. Journal of Neurosurgery 19:717-722. Leksell, L. 1951. The stereotaxis method and radiosurgery of the brain. Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica 102:316-319. Leksell, L. 1968. Cerebral radiosurgery I. Gamma thalomotomy in two cases of intractable pain. Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica 134:585-595. Lenci, S., A. Balkcum, H. Bohlen, A. Mizuhara, E. Wright, Y. Li, and R. Tornoe. 2004. RF sources for 3rd & 4th generation light sources. Pp. 566-569 in Proceedings of the 2004 FEL Conference, Trieste, Italy. August 29-September 3. Accessed at http://www.elettra.trieste.it/fel2004/proceedings/ on April 3, 2008. . Lewis, R. J. (2003). Ethylene Oxide. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Luban, N. L., D. Drothler, G. Moroff, and R. Quinones. 2000. Irradiation of platelet components: inhibition of lymphocyte proliferation assessed by limiting-dilution analysis. Transfusion 40:348-352. Lubenau, J. O. 1999. A century’s challenges: Historical overview of radiation sources in the United States. IAEA Bulletin 41(3):2. Lubenau, J. O., and D. G. Strom. 2002. Safety and security of radiation sources in the aftermath of 11 September 2001. Health Physics 83:155-164. Lutz, W., K. R. Winston, and N. Maleki. 1988. A system for stereotactic radiosurgery with a linear accelerator. International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics 14:373-381. Maciszewski, W., and W. Scharf. 2004. Particle accelerators for radiotherapy: Present status and future. Physica Medica 20:137-146. MacLaren, I., J. Cirre, and C. B. Ponton. 1999. Hydrothermal synthesis of pollucite (CsAlSi2O6) powders. Journal of the American Ceramics Society 82:3242-3244.

OCR for page 175
REFERENCES 183 Malvadkar, S. B., and E. L. Parsons. 2002. Analysis of Potential Power Sources for Inspection Robots in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines. Topical Report DE-FC26-01NT41155. National Energy Technology Laboratory. Accessed at http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/oil- gas/publications/td/parsons%20malvadkar%20report.pdf on May 7, 2007. Marshall, E. 1984. Juarez: An unexpected radiation accident. Science 223:1152-1154. Masefield, J. 2004. Reflections on the evolution and current status of the radiation industry. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 71, Issues 1-2 (September-October): 9-16 McCollough, J., D. H. Vesole, R. J. Benjamin, S. J. Slichter, A. Pineda, E. Snyder, E. A. Stadtmauer, I. Lopez-Plaza, S. Coutre, R. G. Strauss, L. T. Goodnough, J. L. Fridey, T. Raife, R. Cable, S. Murphy, F. Howard, K. Davis, J. Lin, P. Metzel, L. Corash, A. Koutsoukos, L. Lin, D. H. Buchholz, M. G. Conlan. 2004. Therapeutic efficacy and safety of platelets treated with a photochemical process for pathogen inactivation: The SPRINT trial. Blood 104:1534-1541. McCullough, J., H. A. Perkins, and J. Hansen. 2006. The National Marrow Program with emphasis on the early years. Transfusion 46:1248-1255. MDS Nordion. 2006. Gammacell® 1000 Elite/3000 Elan. Brochure. Accessed at http://www.mds.nordion.com/documents/elibrary/blood-research- irradiators/Gammacell/Gammacell%201000-3000%20Sales%20Brochure.pdf on November 15, 2007. MDS Nordion. 2002. JS-10000 Hanging Tote Irradiator and Pallet Irradiators. Brochures. Accessed at http://www.theratronics.com/documents/elibrary/sterilization/pallet- irradiators/Pallet_Brochure.pdf on November 15, 2007. Medalia, J. 2004. Terrorist “Dirty Bombs”: A Brief Primer. CRS Report for Congress. Order Code RS21528, Congressional Research Service, Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division, updated April 1, 2004. Accessed at http://www.fas.org/spp/starwars/crs/RS21528.pdf on November 16, 2007. Meissner, J., M. Abs, M. R. Cleland, A. S. Herer, Y. Jongen, F. Kuntz, and A. Strasser. 2000. X- ray treatment at 5 MeV and above. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 57:647-651. Miller, C. W. 1953. Traveling wave linear accelerator for x-ray therapy. Nature 171:297-299. Miller, R. B., G. Loda, R. C. Miller, R. Smith, D. Shimer, C. Seidt, M. MacArt, H. Mohr, G. Robison, P. Creely, J. Bautista, T. Oliva, L. M. Young, and D. DuBois. 2003. A high-power electron linear accelerator for food irradiation applications. Nuclear Instruments and Methods on Physics Research, B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 211:562- 570. Mimura, H., K. Iijima., and K. Akiba, K. 1997. Leaching behavior and surface alteration of cesium aluminum silicate under static and dynamic conditions. Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology 34:269-276. Mondelaers, W., P. Lahorte, B. Masschaele, and P. Cauwels. 2000. Transient beam loading compensation in low-energy pulsed linear electron accelerators. Presented at the 20th International Linac Conference, Monterey, California, August 21-25. Moore, G. M. 2003. Radiological Weapons: How Great Is the Danger? UCRL-ID-154879. U.S. Department of Energy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Moroff, G., and N. L. Luban. 1997. The irradiation of blood and blood components to prevent graft-versus-host disease: technical issues and guidelines. Transfusion Medicine Reviews 11:15-26.

OCR for page 175
184 RADIATION SOURCE USE AND REPLACEMENT Morrison, R. 1989. An Economic Analysis of Electron Accelerators and Cobalt-60 for Irradiating Food. Technical Bulletin No. 1762. Commodity Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. Musolino, S. V., and F. T. Harper. 2006. Emergency response guidance for the first 48 hours after the outdoor detonation of an explosive radiological device. Health Physics 90:377-385. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). March 2006. Mars Scout 2011 AO Radioisotope Heater Unit (RHU) Information Summary. Accessed at http://mars- scout.larc.nasa.gov/PDF_FILES/Scouts2011AOannexRHUs4-19.pdf on November 15, 2007. NASA. 2004. April 2004. Discovery AO Radioisotope heater Unit (RHU) Information Summary. Accessed at http://discovery.larc.nasa.gov/PDF_FILES/LARHU_Descrip_final.pdf on November 15, 2007. National Research Council. 2007. U.S.-Russian Collaboration in Combating Radiological Terrorism. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006a. Improving the Regulation and Management of Low-Activity Radioactive Wastes. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006b. Going the Distance? The Safe Transport of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in the United States. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006c. Health Risks from Exposure to Low Level Ionizing Radiation: BEIR VII, Phase 2. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2003. Improving the Scientific Basis for Managing DOE's Excess Nuclear Materials and Spent Nuclear Fuel. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2002. Making the Nation Safer: The Role in Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. National Research Council. 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics). 2006. Health, United States, 2006, with Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. NCRP (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements). 2006. Cesium-137 in the Environment: Radioecology and Approaches to Assessment and Management. Bethesda, MD: NCRP NCRP. 2005. Radiation Protection for Particle Accelerator Facilities. NCRP Report No. 144. Issued December 31, 2003, Revised March 4, 2005. Bethesda, MD: NCRP. NCRP. 2001. Management of Terrorist Events Involving Radioactive Material. Report No. 138. Bethesda, MD: NCRP. NCRP. 1984. Neutron Contamination from Medical Electron Accelerators. Report No. 79. Bethesda, MD: NCRP. NCRP. 1977. Radiation Protection Guidelines for 0.1-100 MeV Particle Accelerator Facilities. Report No. 51. Bethesda, MD: NCRP. NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health). 2004. Worker Notification Program—Sterilization of Medical Instruments and Treatment of Spices (Ethylene Oxide). Accessed at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pgms/worknotify/EthyleneOxide.html on November 15, 2007. NIOSH. 2000. Preventing Worker Injuries and Deaths from Explosions in Industrial Ethylene Oxide Sterilization Facilities. Cincinnati, OH: NIOSH, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Ethylene Oxide Sterilization Association. Accessed at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/2000119.html on November 16, 2007.

OCR for page 175
REFERENCES 185 Norton, G. A., and G. M. Klody. 1997. P. 109 in Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on the Applications of Accelerators in Research and Industry, J. L. Duggan and I. L. Morgan, eds. New York: AIP Press. NRPB (National Radiation Protection Board of the United Kingdom). 1996. Review of Decontamination and Clean-up and Techniques for Use in the UK Following Accidental Releases of Radioactivity to the Environment. DOE/RAS/96.009 (NRPB, R-288). Nucleonics Week. 1999. France wants ban on radioactive smoke detectors after truck fire. October 28. ORTEC. 2007. Choice of Detector Shielding, Figure 32. Accessed at http://www.ortec- online.com/detectors/photon/b6.htm on November 16, 2007. Paté-Cornell, M. E., and S. D. Guikema. 2002. Probabilistic modeling of terrorist threats: A systems analysis approach to setting priorities among countermeasures. Military Operations Research 7(4):5-23. Pearson, M. W. 2007. Off-Site Source Recovery Project. Presentation to National Research Council Committee on Radiation Source Use and Replacement, January 24, 2007, Irvine, CA. Pelszynski, M.M., G. Moroff N. L. Luban, B. J. Taylor, and R. R. Quinones. 1994. Effect of gamma irradiation of red blood cell units on T-cell inactivation as assessed by limiting dilution analysis: Implications for preventing transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease. Blood 83:1683-1689. Plappert, U., K. Raddatz, S. Roth, and T. M. Fliendner. 1995. DNA damage detection in man after radiation exposure—the comet assay—its possible application for human biomonitoring. Stem Cells 13:215–222. Podgorsak, E. B., A. Olivier, M. Pla, J. Hazel, J., A. de Lotbinière, and B. Pike. 1987. Physical aspects of dynamic stereotactic radiosurgery. Applied Neurophysiology 50:263-268. Pottier, J. 1989. A new type of rf electron accelerator: The rhodotron. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 40/41:943-945. Reichmuth, B., S. Short, and T Wood. 2005. Economic Consequences of a Rad/Nuc Attack: Cleanup Standards Significantly Affect Cost.PNNL-SA-45256. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratories. REVISS. 2003. A Cs-137 Source Pricing Schedule from REVISS for 2003. Reyes-Mena, A., C. Jensen, E. Bard, D. Clark Turner, K. G. Erdmann, Q. Qiu, B. Gao, J. Lu, O. Zhou. 2005. Miniature x-ray tubes utilizing carbon-nanotube-based cold cathodes. International Centre for Diffraction Data. Advances in X-ray Analysis 48: 204-209. Accessed at http://www.moxtek.com/PDF/Publications/MINIATURE_X-RAY_TUBES_UTILIZING.pdf on November 16, 2007. Rising, D. 2006. Al Qaeda in Iraq beckons nuclear scientists. Associated Press. September 29, 2006. Accessed at http://www.boston.com/news/world/articles/2006/09/29/al_qaeda_in_iraq_beckons_nuclear_ scientists/ on November 20, 2007. Roessler, G. 2007. Why 210Po? Health Physics News. XXV, 2, February. Roscoe, B.A., J.A. Grau, R.A. Manente, C.L. Melcher, C.A. Peterson, J.S. Schweitzer, and C. Stoller. 1991. Use of GSO for inelastic gamma-ray spectroscopy measurements in the borehole. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 2-9 Nov 1991: 1098-1101.

OCR for page 175
186 RADIATION SOURCE USE AND REPLACEMENT Rosoff, H., and D. von Winterfeldt. 2007. A risk and economic analysis of dirty bomb attacks on the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. Risk Analysis 27(3):533-46. Rutala, W. A., and D. J. Weber. 2001. New disinfection and sterilization methods. Emerging Infectious Diseases 7(2):348-353. Sampayan, S., G. Caporaso, Y.-J. Chen, S. Hawkins, C. Holmes, J. McCarrick, S. Nelson, W. Nunnally, B. Poole, M. Rhodes, D. Sanders, J. Sullivan, L. Wang, J. Watson. 2005. Development of a compact radiography accelerator using dielectric wall accelerator technology. Particle Accelerator Conference 16(20):716-718. Setser, J. L. 1990. Leakage of an Irradiator Source—The June 1988 Georgia RSI Incident. NUREG-1392. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. Slack, J., G. R. Malkoske, and L. Norton. 2003. Cobalt-60 production in CANDU® power reactors. Paper presented at the Symposium on Nuclear Energy — SIEN 2003, October 22- 25, 2003, Bucharest, Romania. Smith, M. 2006. Differences in Assumptions Imbedded in Presentations by Sterigenics International and Ion Beam Applications (IBA) to the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Radiation Source Use and Replacement. Snyder, E., T. Raife, L. Lin, G. Cimino, P. Metzel, M. Rheinschmidt, L. Baril, K. Davis, D. H. Buchholz, L. Corash, and M. G. Conlan. 2004. Recovery and life span of 111indium- radiolabeled platelets treated with pathogen inactivation with amotosalen HCl (S-59) and ultraviolet a light. Transfusion 44:1732-1740. Sterigenics, Inc. 2007. Sterilization Alternatives: Ethylene Oxide. Accessed at http://www.sterigenics.com/library on May 14, 2007. Sullivan, M. T., R. Cotten, E. J. Read, and E. L. Wallace. 2007. Blood collection and transfusion in the United States in 2001. Transfusion 47:366-368. Tanabe, E., M. Borland, M. C. Green, R. H. Miller, L. V. Nelson, J. N. Weaver, and H. Wiedemann. 1989. Proceedings of the 1989 Linear Accelerator Conference. pp 106. TCPA (Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts). July 1998. El Cobalto. In Bordering the Future: Challenge and Opportunity in the Texas Border Region. Accessed at http://www.window.state.tx.us/border/ch09/cobalto.html on January, 10, 2008. U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. 2006. United States Cancer Statistics: 2003 Incidence and Mortality. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute. U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. POPClock Projection. Accessed at http://www.census.gov/population/www/popclockus.html on November 12, 2007. U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board. 2006. Investigation Report: Sterigenics (4 Employees Injured). Accessed at http://www.csb.gov/completed_investigations/docs/CSBSterigenicsFinalReport.pdf on November 17, 2007. U.S. Ecology Washington, INC. 2007. Schedule of Charges Effective May 1, 2007 Schedule A, Fifth Revision. U.S. NRC (United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission). 2007a. Fiscal Year 2006 Interim Inventory of Radioactive Sources Data Analysis. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 2007b. NRC Regulatory Issue Summary 2007-23 Date for Operation of National Source Tracking System, September 11, 2007. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 2007c. Appendix B: Consideration of Terrorist Attacks on the Proposed Pa’ina Irradiator. Amended to Draft Environmental Assessment Related to the Proposed Pa’ina Hawaii, LLC Underwater Irradiator in Honolulu, Hawaii, June 1, 2007.

OCR for page 175
REFERENCES 187 U.S. NRC. 2006a. Radiation Source Protection and Security Task Force Report. August 13. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 2006b. Fiscal Year 2005 Interim Inventory of Radioactive Sources Data Analysis. March. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 2005a. Occupational Radiation Exposure at NRC Licensed Facilities. Thirty-Eighth Annual Report. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 2005b. Order Imposing Increased Controls. EA 05-090. November. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 2004. Strategic Plan: Fiscal Years 2004-2009. NUREG-1614, Vol. 3. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 2003. Dirty bombs. Fact Sheet. Office of Public Affairs, Rockville, MD. Accessed at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/dirty-bombs.pdf on November 16, 2007. U.S. NRC. 2001. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. Program Management Information. Gray Star Inc. Denial of Application for Sealed Source Registration Certificate (STP-01-018). Agency Document Access and Management System, Accession No. ML010710172, March 9, 2001. U.S. NRC. 1995. Branch Technical Position on Concentration Averaging and Encapsulation. January 17. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 1989. Recent Safety-Related Incidents at Large Irradiators. Information Notice No. 89-82. Rockville, MD: U.S. NRC. U.S. NRC. 1982. Working Safely in Gamma Radiography. NUREG/BR0024. Washington D.C. : U.S. NRC. Valant-Spaight, B., W. Han, W. Guo, and W. Schultz. 2006. Field examples with a slim LWD density/neutron instrument containing a californium-252 neutron source and three neutron detectors. Paper presented at Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts 47th Annual Logging Symposium, June 4-7, Veracruz, Mexico. van Ankeren, S.C., D. Murray, and R. E. Meyn. 1988. Induction and rejoining of gamma-ray- induced DNA single- and double-strand breaks in Chinese hamster AA8 cells and in two radiosensitive clones. Radiation Research 116:511-525. van Laar, J.M., and A. Tyndal. 2006. Adult stem cells in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Rhematology (Oxford). epub ahead of print, PMID: 16777856. van Popta, J., P. Hofstra, and S. van Houwelingen. 2004. An Advanced Evaluation Method for Laminated Shaly Sands Including Uncertainty and Sensitivity. Society of Petrophysicists and Well Log Analysts 45th Annual Logging Symposium, June 6-9, 2004. van Tuyle, G. J., T. L. Strub, H. A. O’Brien, C. F. V. Mason, and S. Gitomer. September 2003. Reducing RDD Concerns Related to large Radiological Source Applications. Report No. LA- UR-03-6664, Los Alamos National Laboratories, Los Alamos, NM. Veksler, V. 1944. A New Method of the Acceleration of Relativistic Particles. Proceedings Academy of Sciences of the USSR 43:346 Vlieks, A. E., W. R. Fowkes, R. J. Loewen, and S. G. Tantawi. 1998. High power rf component testing for the NLC. Presented at 19th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 98), August 23-28, 1998, Chicago, IL. SLAC-PUB-7938. Vlieks, A.E., Akre, R., Caryotakis, G., DeStefano, C., Frederick, W.J., Heritage, J.P., Luhmann, N.C., Jr., Martin, D., and Pellegrini, C., “Recent Measurements and Plans for the SLAC Compton X-Ray Source,” Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on High Energy Density and High Power RF, AIP, 807, 481-490, June 13-17, 2005, Kalamata, Greece.

OCR for page 175
188 RADIATION SOURCE USE AND REPLACEMENT Westenskow, G. A., and J. M. J. Madey. 1984. Microwave electron gun. Laser and Particle Beams 2(Pt 2):223. White, A., D. Burns, and T. W. Christensen. 2006. Effective terminal sterilization using supercritical carbon dioxide. Journal of Biotechnology 123:504-515 WHO (World Health Organization). 2005. Chornobyl: The true scale of the accident. Joint News Release. WHO/IAEA/UNDP.Accessed at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2005/pr38/en/index.html on September 2005. Williams, J.R., Thwaites, D.I., “Radiotherapy physics in practice”, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK (2000). Willis, H. H., A. R. Morral, T. K. Kelly, and J. J. Medby. 2005. Estimating Terrorism Risk. RAND Center for Terrorism Risk Management Policy, Santa Monica, CA. Xintek Inc. 2004-2006.Current X-ray Technology. Accessed at http://www.xintek.com/products/xray/index.htm on November 15, 2007. Yaris, L. 2003. Computer identify T cell turn-ons. Berkeley Lab View. Accessed at http://www.lbl.gov/Publications/Currents/Archive/Oct-03-2003.html on January 30, 2008. Yamamoto, T., K. Dobashi, T. Natsui, M. Uesaka, E. Tanabe, T. Higo, S. Fukuda, M. Akemoto, M. Yoshida. 2006. Design of 9.4 GHz 950 keV X-band linac for nondestructive testing. Prepared for European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC 06), Edinburgh, Scotland, 26-30 Jun 2006. Published in *Edinburgh 2006, EPAC* 2358-2360. Zimmerman, P. D., and C. Loeb. 2004. Dirty bombs: The threat revisited. Defense Horizons 38:1−11. Accessed at http://hps.org/documents/RDD_report.pdf on November 15, 2007.. Zull, L. 1996. Trip Report – Safety of Cesium and Strontium Capsules at Hanford. Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, June 7.