general management responsibility for CONSOL’s research program. The goal of CONSOL’s R&D program is to identify, develop, and apply technology that advances the near-term and strategic interests of CONSOL’s coal, natural gas, and other business units. In 2004, he became vice president of science & technology, with responsibilities in the areas of energy and environmental policy, and since retiring he continues to consult for CONSOL Energy on these issues. He is a member of the Advisory Board of the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research and serves on the NRC’s Committee on Earth Resources, the Advisory Board of the Pittsburgh Coal Conference, the Advisory Board of the Dominion Center for Engineering and the Environment at the University of Pittsburgh, and the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) working group on Strategic Initiatives for Coal and Power. Dr. Burke is the author of more than 80 scientific papers and publications, and holds five U.S. patents on coal-related technology. He is a member of Phi Kappa Phi and the American Chemical Society, was twice the recipient of the American Chemical Society Fuel Chemistry Division’s R. A. Glenn Award, and received the Senator Jennings Randolph Lifetime Achievement Award presented by the Washington Coal Club in December 2006. Dr. Burke holds a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Iowa State University, and he has completed the Executive Program at the Darden School of the University of Virginia.


James C. Cobb is an adjunct professor in the Department of Geological Sciences at the University of Kentucky, the director of the Kentucky Geological Survey, and the state geologist of Kentucky. Dr. Cobb has been with the Kentucky Geological Survey for the past 27 years. He has served in the capacity of a geologist, a section head, and an assistant state geologist for research. His research interests include coal geology with respect to coal availability and resources of Kentucky; estimating compliance coal resources for Kentucky; deposition, resources, sulfur, mining; basin evolution with respect to mineral formation in coal; hydrogeology with respect to groundwater aquifers in North Africa; modern analogues of coal formation in Indonesia; and industrial minerals with respect to Cretaceous-Tertiary gravel, and Pleistocene sand and gravel in Illinois. Throughout his career, Dr. Cobb has published in more than 60 journals, survey publications, special papers, abstracts, and reports. Dr. Cobb received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois, Urbana.


Robert B. Finkelman was formerly a senior scientist and project chief for the Eastern Energy Resources Team at the U.S. Geological Survey. His research interests include coal chemistry and medical geology. Dr. Finkelman has a diverse professional background—he worked at the USGS for 32 years, at Exxon for 7 years, and has experience as a consultant and as a college instructor. Most of Dr. Finkelman’s professional career has been devoted to understanding the properties of coal and how these properties affect coal’s technological performance,



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