BOX 3.1

Some of the Potential Benefits of a Multipurpose Cadastre to Each of the Major Types of Users

Potential Benefits to Local Governments

  • Assures that the best available data are used in each public transaction

  • Avoids conflicts among land records of different public offices

  • Improves accuracy of real-property assessments

  • Provides base maps for local planning and preliminary engineering studies

  • Provides a standardized data base for neighborhood, municipal, county, or regional development plans

  • Avoids costs of maintaining separate map systems and land-data files

  • Encourages coordination among separate map systems affecting land

  • Improves public attitudes toward administration of local government programs

Potential Benefits to State Governments

  • Provides accurate inventories of natural assets

  • Provides accurate locational references for administration of state regulations such as pollution controls

  • Accurately locates state ownership or other interests in land

  • Provides a standardized database for management of public lands

  • Provides large-scale base maps for siting studies

  • Simplifies coordination among state and local offices

Potential Benefits to the Federal Government

  • Provides a flow of standardized data for updating federal maps and statistics, e.g., for the federal censuses

  • Provides a database for monitoring objects of national concern, e.g., agricultural land use and foreign ownership of U.S. real estate

  • Provides a reliable record of the locations of federal ownerships or other interests in land

  • Provides standardized records for managing federal assistance to local programs such as housing, community development, and historic preservation

Potential Benefits to Private Firms

  • Produces accurate inventories of land parcels, available as a public record

  • Produces standard, large-scale maps that can be used for planning, engineering, or routing studies

  • Speeds administration of public regulations

Potential Benefits to Individuals

  • Provides faster access to records affecting individual rights, especially land title

  • Clarifies the boundaries of areas restricted by zoning, wetland restrictions, pollution controls, or other user controls

  • Produces accurate maps that can be used for resolving private interests in the land

  • Reduces costs of public utilities by replacing present duplicative base-mapping programs

  • Improves efficiency of tax-supported government services as described earlier in this table

SOURCE: NRC, 1983, p. 17.

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