• Cancer risk estimates should be calculated for levels II and III exposure to determine whether vehicles perforated by DU munitions should be decontaminated to reduce the fatal-cancer risk from later exposure of unprotected people.

  • For level II personnel working in vehicles perforated by DU munitions, the number of hours should be limited, or protective equipment, particularly respirators, should be used to reduce otherwise potentially important cumulative exposure to DU.

  • If Gulf War level II personnel who had several hours of unprotected exposure to DU in perforated vehicles can be identified, they should receive additional health monitoring.

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