many of the speakers suggested, all available research methods are valuable and researchers must learn which methods are most appropriate in answering different questions. The result will likely be multifaceted, multilevel research approaches and will require input from a number of disciplines. Speakers also largely recognized the need to not only understand what works, but also why an intervention does or does not work. This reflects the need for research studies to better discuss the roles of organizational and contextual factors, such as the role of leadership. Better understandings of these factors will help identify what improvements are not specific to an individual hospital or clinic but can be generalized to larger audiences.