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Earth Observations from Space: The First 50 Years of Scientific Achievements Appendix C Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff COMMITTEE MEMBERS J. Bernard Minster (Chair) is a professor of geophysics at the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego (UCSD), and senior fellow at the San Diego Supercomputer Center. For the past year he has been chair of the UCSD Division of the University of California Academic Senate. Dr. Minster’s research interests are centered on the determination of the structure of the Earth’s interior from broadband seismic data, by imaging the Earth’s upper mantle and crust using seismic waves. This research has led him to an involvement in the use of seismic means for verification of nuclear test ban treaties. He has long been interested in global tectonic problems and in the application of space-geodetic techniques, including synthetic aperture radar and laser altimetry, to study tectonic and volcanic deformations of the Earth’s crust by airborne and spaceborne remote sensing. He is a member of the ICESat science team, which uses the GLAS instrument to measure ice-sheet mass balance and global topographic change. He has been principal investigator on several proposed SAR missions in low Earth orbit and on a proposed laser altimetry mission to Europa. More recently he has led major efforts toward estimating the effects of very large earthquakes in southern California, using supercomputer simulations, and analyzing paleoseismic data using hyperspectral imaging. He has held positions in industry and has been a consultant and reviewer for numerous companies. He was the Nordberg Lecturer at NASA GSFC in 1996 and was elected a fellow of the American Geophysical Union in 1990. He is chair of the recently created Earth and Space Science Informatics Focus Group of the American Geophysical Union. Dr. Minster has chaired previous National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Geophysical and Environmental Data, and has served on numerous committees related to solid earth geophysics, including the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and its Committee on Geodesy. He is currently vice-chair of the World Data Center Panel of the International Council of Scientific Unions. Janet W. Campbell (Vice Chair) is director of the Center of Excellence for Coastal Ocean Observation and Analysis, which was established in August 2002 as part of NOAA’s Coastal Observation Technology System. Dr. Campbell is also director of the Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory, one of four centers that comprise the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New Hampshire (UNH). Dr. Campbell is a member of NASA’s Ocean Color Science Team and the MODIS Instrument Team. She has been at the University of New Hampshire since 1993 and is a member of the graduate faculty in the Earth Sciences Department. Between 1997 and 1999 she served as program manager for ocean biology and biogeochemistry at NASA headquarters in Washington, D.C. Before joining UNH, she was a research scientist at the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences in Boothbay Harbor, Maine (1982-1993), where she established and directed the remote sensing computer facility. She previously worked as an aerospace technologist/ engineer at the NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. She holds a Ph.D. in statistics from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and a master’s degree in mathematics from Vanderbilt University. She previously served on the National Research Council Committee on Earth Studies and two other NRC studies. Jeff Dozier is a professor in the Donald Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He founded the Bren School and served as its first dean for 6 years. Dr. Dozier earned his Ph.D. in geography from the University of Michigan. His research interests are in the fields of snow hydrology, Earth system science, remote sensing, and information systems. He has pioneered interdisciplinary studies in two areas:
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Earth Observations from Space: The First 50 Years of Scientific Achievements one involves the hydrology, hydrochemistry, and remote sensing of mountainous drainage basins; the other is in the integration of environmental science and remote sensing with computer science and technology. He was the senior project scientist for NASA’s Earth Observing System when the configuration for the system was established. He also helped found the MEDEA group, which investigated the use of classified data for environmental research, monitoring, and assessment. Dr. Dozier has chaired or served on numerous NRC committees concerned with data and computational sciences, and he is the current chair of the Committee on Geophysical and Environmental Data. He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the UK’s National Institute for Environmental eScience. He is also an honorary professor of the Academia Sinica and a recipient of the NASA/Department of Interior William T. Pecora Award and the NASA Public Service Medal. James R. Fleming is professor of science, technology and society at Colby College. His research interests include the history of the geophysical sciences, especially meteorology, climatology, and oceanography. Professor Fleming earned a B.S. in astronomy from Pennsylvania State University, an M.S. in atmospheric science from Colorado State University, and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in the history of science from Princeton University. He is founder of the International Commission on History of Meteorology and editor of its journal, History of Meteorology. In 2003 Professor Fleming was elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) “for pioneering studies on the history of meteorology and climate change and for the advancement of historical work within meteorological societies.” He was also awarded the Ritter Memorial Fellowship at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. In 2005-2006 Professor Fleming held the Charles A. Lindberg Chair in Aerospace History at the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum and in 2006-2007 he was awarded the Roger Revelle Fellowship in Global Stewardship from the AAAS. John C. Gille is a researcher at the National Center for Atmospheric Research and the University of Colorado, studying chemical processes and their impact on climate and air quality. He applies his training as a physicist to the development and use of remote sensing instruments to study the chemical composition, dynamics, and transport of trace species in the troposphere and middle atmosphere. At present he serves as the U.S. principal investigator for MOPITT, an instrument flying aboard NASA’s Terra spacecraft that measures the global distributions of carbon monoxide in the troposphere. Dr. Gille is also the U.S. principal investigator for the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS), an instrument on NASA’s Aura satellite that scientists use to study the ozone layer, climate change, and more. He was previously the principal investigator for the LRIR that flew on Nimbus 6 and LIMS on Nimbus 7 and was a collaborative investigator on the Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society. Dr. Gille has served on two previous committees for the NRC, the Committee on Data Management and Computation and the Committee on Earth Studies. Dennis L. Hartmann joined the faculty of the University of Washington in 1977 and is currently professor and chair of the Department of Atmospheric Sciences, adjunct professor of the Quaternary Research Center, senior fellow of the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, and a former member of the Board of Directors of the Program in Climate Change. Dr. Hartmann received his Ph.D. in geophysical fluid dynamics from Princeton University in 1975. Dr. Hartmann has published more than a hundred articles in referred scientific journals and published a textbook, Global Physical Climatology, in 1994. His primary areas of expertise are atmospheric dynamics, radiation and remote sensing, and mathematical and statistical techniques for data analysis. He is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Hartmann recently chaired a study of climate feedback processes for the National Research Council and is currently a Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate board member. He has also served on numerous advisory, editorial, and review boards for the NRC, National Science Foundation, NASA, and NOAA. Kenneth Jezek is a professor in the Byrd Polar Research Center and the School of Earth Sciences at The Ohio State University. He is the principal investigator of the RADARSAT Antarctic Mapping Project. His research interests include remote sensing studies of sea ice and the polar ice caps, including applications of synthetic aperture radar data to gauge the response of ice sheets to changing climate. Dr. Jezek is a past member of the NRC Committee for Review of the Science Implementation Plan of the NASA Office of Earth Science, the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, the Committee on Glaciology, and the Panel on Climate Variability and Change. Stan Kidder is a senior research scientist at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere at Colorado State University. Dr. Kidder received his Ph.D. in atmospheric science from Colorado State University in 1979. His research centers on application of satellite data to meteorological problems. He is also studying the blending of products produced from different sensors on different satellites into unified products and the development of new orbits and constellations for future meteorological satellites. Dr. Kidder was the co-lead instructor for the COMET SatMet course and
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Earth Observations from Space: The First 50 Years of Scientific Achievements is the author (with T. H. Vonder Haar) of Satellite Meteorology: An Introduction (Academic Press, 1995). He has been a member of numerous committees, including the American Meteorological Society Board on Higher Education. Navin Ramankutty signed on as assistant professor in the Department of Geography at McGill University in June 2006. Previously, he was an assistant scientist at the Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE) at the University of Wisconsin. Dr. Ramankutty joined SAGE as a research scientist in May 2000 and led its efforts on documenting contemporary and historical patterns of land use and land cover across the world. Working with colleagues at SAGE, Dr. Ramankutty developed a statistical data fusion technique to merge satellite data and socioeconomic data on agricultural land use to develop a global data set of the world’s croplands. Dr. Ramankutty and his team have further developed global agricultural land-use data sets, focusing on more detailed characterizations of the world’s major crops, their yield and production, and farming practices. These emerging data sets have become extremely popular with the global change community. They have attracted widespread media attention, including becoming part of a National Geographic Society pullout map in September 2002 and being used in the 8th edition of the National Geographic Atlas of the World. Anne M. Thompson is a professor in the Department of Meteorology at the Pennsylvania State University with research interests in atmospheric chemistry: modeling and measurements of trace gases, air-sea gas exchange, biomass burning, and remote sensing. As co-mission scientist for NASA’s 1997 DC-8 SONEX (SASS Ozone and Nitrogen Oxides Experiment), Dr. Thompson demonstrated that lightning, convection, and aircraft emissions have comparable perturbations in the North Atlantic upper troposphere. Since 1998, Dr. Thompson has been principal investigator for SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes), analyzing tropical ozonesonde data for satellite validation and climate studies. She also led the 2004 and 2006 INTEX Ozonesonde Network Study campaigns in the first strategic ozonesonde sampling over North America. Dr. Thompson is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Geophysical Union. She has been awarded the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) Nordberg Medal for space science and the Women in Aerospace International Achievement Award. Susan L. Ustin is a professor in the Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis). Dr. Ustin received her Ph.D. in botany from UC Davis, in the area of plant physiological ecology. Her multidisciplinary environmental research focuses on developing applications of remote sensing data to assess environmental processes. She began working with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory during the initial stages of NASA’s imaging spectrometry program and has since worked extensively with hyperspectral imagery for quantitative plant and soil measurements. She has been a principal investigator and science team member of several NASA sensor programs for Earth observation and is currently a member of the MODIS science team. Dr. Ustin recently served as director of the California Space Institute Center of Excellence at UC Davis and as director of the Western Regional Center for Global Environmental Change. She is the editor of the Manual of Remote Sensing, Vol. 4, Remote Sensing for Natural Resource Management and Environmental Monitoring (John Wiley & Sons, 2004). She has served previously on four NRC committees. James Yoder joined the staff at the Skidaway Institute of Oceanography in Georgia in 1978 and from 1986 to 1988 was a visiting senior scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory assigned to NASA headquarters. He joined the faculty at the Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) at the University of Rhode Island in 1989 and was promoted to professor in 1992. He was named associate dean of oceanography at GSO in 1993 and served in that capacity until 1998. From 2000 to 2001, Dr. Yoder served as GSO interim dean before moving to the National Science Foundation, where he served as director of the Division of Ocean Sciences from 2001 to 2004 before returning to GSO in October 2004. In November 2005, Dr. Yoder was named vice president for academic programs and dean at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. His research involves the study of oceanographic processes primarily using satellite radiometers observing the ocean in the visible/near-IR wavelengths, including NASA’s CZCS, Japan’s OCTS, and NASA’s SeaWiFS and MODIS. Dr. Yoder lists 90 scientific and other publications and holds a Ph.D. degree in oceanography from the University of Rhode Island. He served on the NRC’s Committee on Oceanic Carbon (1992-1994) and was a member of the Ocean Studies Board (2001). NRC STAFF Claudia Mengelt is a program officer for the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC). After completing her B.S. in aquatic biology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, she received her M.S. in biological oceanography from the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State. Her master’s degree research focused on how chemical and physical parameters in the surface ocean effect Antarctic phytoplankton species composition and consequently impact biogeochemical cycles. She obtained her Ph.D. in marine sciences from the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she conducted research on the photo-physiology of harmful algal species. She joined the full-time staff of BASC in the fall of 2005 following a fellowship with
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Earth Observations from Space: The First 50 Years of Scientific Achievements the NRC Polar Research Board in the winter of 2005. At the National Academies, she has worked on studies addressing the design of Arctic observing systems, providing strategic guidance to NSF’s atmospheric sciences, and evaluating lessons learned from global change assessments. Maria Uhle has been a program officer with the Polar Research Board at the National Research Council since April of 2005. Prior to joining the NRC, she was the Jones Assistant Professor of Environmental Organic Geochemistry in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the University of Tennessee (UT). At UT, Dr. Uhle mentored several graduate students in various scientific disciplines including Quaternary climate studies, salt marsh ecology, reconstruction of biomass burning events throughout geologic history, organic contaminate remediation and Antarctic biogeochemistry. Dr. Uhle received her B.S. from Bates College, M.S. from the University of Massachusetts, and Ph.D. from the University of Virginia. At the NRC, she has directed several studies including Assessment of the U.S. Coast Guard Polar Icebreakers Roles and Future Needs, Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship. She continues to work with the U.S. National Committee on the International Polar Year developing interagency communications and public outreach and education projects. Leah Probst is a research associate with the NRC’s Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate and Polar Research Board. Since joining the NRC staff in 1999, Ms. Probst has led studies on the science and implementation plan for the World Climate Research Programme’s Americas Prediction Project, on the proposed Global Precipitation Measurement satellite mission, and on stratospheric ozone recovery and its implications for ultraviolet radiation exposure. She works with the U.S. National Committee on the International Polar Year 2007-2008 and with the NRC’s Climate Research Committee. She has contributed to many other NRC studies, including topics such as surface temperature reconstructions for the last 2,000 years, the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite program, the New Source Review Program of the Clean Air Act, and cumulative effects of oil and gas activities on Alaska’s North Slope. She received a B.A. in biology from George Washington University. Katherine Weller is a senior program assistant for the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate and the Polar Research Board. Since joining the National Academies in 2006, Ms. Weller has worked with the Climate Research Committee, and has worked with committees to review the Climate Change Science Program’s Synthesis and Assessment Products 2.4, 3.3, and 5.2. In 2004 she received a B.S. in biopsychology from the University of Michigan. She is currently working toward a master’s degree in environmental science and policy from Johns Hopkins University.
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