TABLE 4-2 Comparison of Needs Assessment Instruments (Wen and Gustafson, 2004)

Instrument

Purpose and Administration

Items and Domains

Question Format

Conceptual and Measurement Model

Patient General

CARES (Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System)

Find how cancer affects psychosocial, physical and behaviors

93–132 items; 6 domains: physical, psychological, medical interaction, marital, sexual, miscellaneous

Five-point scale plus “do you want help (yes/no)?”

Competency-based model of coping

Patient completes

CARES-SF (Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System-Short Form)

Shortens the CARES for use with clinical trials

38–57 items; 5 domains: physical, psychological, medical interaction, marital, sexual

Five-point scale plus “do you want help (yes/no)?”

 

Patient completes

 

CPNS (Cancer Patient Need Survey)

Measures the importance of needs and the degree to which their needs are met

51 items; 5 domains: coping, help, information, work, and cancer shock

“Importance”: seven-point Likert scale; “how well met”: seven-point Likert scale

 

Patient completes

 

CPNQ (Cancer Patient Need Questionnaire)

Assesses unmet needs of people with cancer

71 items; 5 domains: psychological needs, health info, ADLs, patient care/support, interpersonal communication

Five-point scale: “what is your level of need for help?”

 

Patient completes

 



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