Recommendation 5 Funding opportunities for interdisciplinary training should be provided for scientists at all stages of their careers.

  • Implement career development programs that encourage junior faculty to engage in interdisciplinary research. Junior faculty need to be successful in the early phases of their research, so they are less likely than senior faculty to pursue interdisciplinary research.

  • Support midcareer investigators in developing expertise needed for interdisciplinary research. These programs should include sabbaticals, career development awards, and university-based, formal courses for faculty development to enhance interdisciplinary and/or translational research.

  • Continue funding for workshops, symposia, and meetings to bring together diverse fields to focus on a particular scientific question. In such an environment, cross training of the investigators and encouragement of collaboration would develop naturally.

  • Support consortia and multi-institutional programs that provide integration of research efforts from multiple disciplines.

Childhood Cancer Survivorship: Improving Care and Quality of Life (IOM and NRC, 2003)

Recommendation 4 Improve professional education and training regarding the late effects of childhood cancer and their management for both specialty and primary care providers.

  • Professional societies should act to improve primary care providers’ awareness through professional journals, meetings, and continuing education opportunities.

  • Primary care training programs should include information about the late effects of cancer in their curriculum.

  • The NCI should provide easy-to-find information on late effects of childhood cancer on its website (e.g., through the Physician Data Query [PDQ]), which provides up-to-date information on cancer prevention, treatment, and supportive care.

  • Oncology training programs should organize coursework, clinical practicums, and continuing education programs on late effects of cancer treatment for nurses, social workers, and other providers.

  • Oncology professional organizations should, if they have not already, organize committees or subcommittees dedicated to issues related to late effects.

  • Oncology Board examinations should include questions related to late effects of cancer treatment.

  • Interdisciplinary professional meetings that focus on the management of late effects should be supported to raise awareness of late effects among providers who may encounter childhood cancer survivors in their practices (cardiologists, neurologists, fertility specialists, psychologists).

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