Appendix B
Acronyms

ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

ARIMA autoregressive moving average

ARS Agricultural Research Service

BDV Borna disease virus

BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool

BSN Basic Surveillance Network

CBP Customs and Border Protection

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

cDNA complementary DNA

CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research

cPCR consensus polymerase chain reaction

CRP Critical Reagents Program

CSREES Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service

DD differential display

DHS Department of Homeland Security

DoD Department of Defense

DOHMH Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (New York City)

DoI Department of the Interior

DoS Department of State

DOTS directly observed therapy shortcourse



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Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges—Finding Solutions: Workshop Summary Appendix B Acronyms ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service ARIMA autoregressive moving average ARS Agricultural Research Service BDV Borna disease virus BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool BSN Basic Surveillance Network CBP Customs and Border Protection CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cDNA complementary DNA CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research cPCR consensus polymerase chain reaction CRP Critical Reagents Program CSREES Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service DD differential display DHS Department of Homeland Security DoD Department of Defense DOHMH Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (New York City) DoI Department of the Interior DoS Department of State DOTS directly observed therapy shortcourse

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Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges—Finding Solutions: Workshop Summary DSDD domain-specific differential display DSN disease surveillance network ECDC European Center for Disease Control ECL electrochemiluminescence ED emergency department EDR Emerging Disease Reports EFSA European Food and Safety Authority EISS European Influenza Surveillance Scheme EMEA European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products END exotic Newcastle disease ER emergency room ESSENCE Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics EU European Union EWGLI European Working Group for Legionella Infections EWRS Early Warning Response System FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAS Federation of American Scientists FDA Food and Drug Administration FIND Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics FMD foot-and-mouth disease FTP File Transfer Protocol GAINS Global Avian Influenza Network for Surveillance GAO Government Accountability Office GEIS Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System GIS Geographic Information System GLEWS Global Early Warning and Response System GOARN Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network GPHIN Global Public Health Intelligence Network GreenVrdB Greene Viral Database HCV hepatitis C virus HHA hand-held assay HHS Department of Health and Human Services HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act HIV human immunodeficiency virus HL-7 Health Level Seven HMM Hidden Markov Models HSPD Homeland Security Presidential Directive

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Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges—Finding Solutions: Workshop Summary ICD International Classification of Diseases ICTV International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses ICTVdB International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses Database ICU intensive care unit IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IHR International Health Regulation ILI influenza-like illness INSTEDD International System for Total Early Disease Detection IOM Institute of Medicine IPM Integrated Pest Management ISID International Society for Infectious Diseases IT information technology ITU International Telecommunications Union JBAIDS Joint Biological Agent Identification and Diagnostic System LEADERS Lightweight Epidemiological Advanced Detection Emergency Response System LOD limit of detection MedISys Medical Intelligence System MHC major histocompatibility complex MoH Ministry of Health mRNA messenger RNA MS messaging system NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information NGO nongovernmental organization NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIH National Institutes of Health NINDS National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NLS National Laboratory System NMRCD Naval Medical Research Center Detachment NPDN National Plant Diagnostic Network NPDRS National Plant Disease Recovery System NRC National Research Council NRDM National Retail Data Monitor OIE World Organization for Animal Health OIG Office of the Inspector General

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Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges—Finding Solutions: Workshop Summary PCR polymerase chain reaction PDA personal digital assistant Pfam Protein families database of alignments PHIN Public Health Information Network PMM ProMED-mail ProMED Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases RDA representational difference analysis RDP Ribosomal Database Project RDT rapid diagnostic test RFI request for information RODS Real-Time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance System RSS Really Simple Syndication RSVP Rapid Syndrome Validation Project RT-PCR reverse transcriptase–PCR SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome SD standard deviation SLEV St. Louis encephalitis virus SMS short message service SNOMED Standardized Nomenclature for Medicine SNOVET Standardized Nomenclature for Veterinary Medicine SNVDO Standardized Nomenclature for Veterinary Diagnoses and Operations SPC statistical process control SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats SYRIS Syndromic Reporting Information System TaxID Taxonomy identification TB tuberculosis TED Technology, Entertainment, and Design TPA tripropylamine TRF time-resolved fluorescence USAID U.S. Agency for International Development USAMRIID U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGS U.S. Geological Survey USPS U.S. Postal Service VPN virtual private network

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Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges—Finding Solutions: Workshop Summary WCS Wildlife Conservation Society WHO World Health Organization WHO-OVL Outbreak Verification List Wildlife GAINS Wildlife Global Animal Information Network for Surveillance WNV West Nile virus