DSDD domain-specific differential display

DSN disease surveillance network

ECDC European Center for Disease Control

ECL electrochemiluminescence

ED emergency department

EDR Emerging Disease Reports

EFSA European Food and Safety Authority

EISS European Influenza Surveillance Scheme

EMEA European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products

END exotic Newcastle disease

ER emergency room

ESSENCE Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics

EU European Union

EWGLI European Working Group for Legionella Infections

EWRS Early Warning Response System

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FAS Federation of American Scientists

FDA Food and Drug Administration

FIND Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics

FMD foot-and-mouth disease

FTP File Transfer Protocol

GAINS Global Avian Influenza Network for Surveillance

GAO Government Accountability Office

GEIS Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System

GIS Geographic Information System

GLEWS Global Early Warning and Response System

GOARN Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network

GPHIN Global Public Health Intelligence Network

GreenVrdB Greene Viral Database

HCV hepatitis C virus

HHA hand-held assay

HHS Department of Health and Human Services

HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

HIV human immunodeficiency virus

HL-7 Health Level Seven

HMM Hidden Markov Models

HSPD Homeland Security Presidential Directive

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