Nigeria, but the service can be offered by a small local company. Maintenance, always important, must be provided on-site and regularly. With proper consumer credit, such systems can be made affordable to poor homeowners and small rural businesses.

Safe water can be provided in many ways. The hypothetical case study considered ceramic filters that can be operated in the home and the more elaborate ultraviolet (UV) filters that can be purchased by a community or franchisees who would then sell safe water to households. Active operation of the unit is required, and therefore training is an important part of the service. The price of the water to the consumer would be low and thus affordable to most families without assistance, and the savings on medical services would be substantial.

Although artemisinin-based malaria therapy is needed worldwide, it is presently available at low or no cost to patients only in some government clinics in the developing world. That situation will soon change, however, because of the international actions described in the next chapter, and Nigerian companies may have an early opportunity to become part of the global value chain while ensuring that Nigerians have reliable supplies. The Nigerian government has already stated its commitment to this end.

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