FIGURE 9-1 Huainan in China.

part, to a higher rate of coal-burning for commercial and residential heating. Rain and wind during the monsoon season help to reduce local air pollution as well.

Huainan’s leaders have been espousing the concept of the “Three Bases,” a goal that by 2010 Huainan will (1) produce 100 million tons (3 EJ) of coal per year; (2) be an important supplier of electrical power in Eastern China; and (3) establish itself as the regional base for the chemical industry. The concept of the Three Bases was first put forward by former President Jiang Zemin, and has since become the guiding strategy in the city’s development.

Industry dominates Huainan’s economy, particularly primary industries like energy raw materials (coal) and agriculture. The chemical industry is also a prominent part of the local economy, producing large amounts of ammonia, fertilizer (401,000 tons and 222,000 tons in 2004 respectively), and other chemicals. The city’s GDP reached 21.5 billion RMB in 2004, an increase of 16.2 percent over the previous year, reaching the 10th Five-Year Plan (FYP) target a full year in advance. GDP in 2005 was estimated at 26.0 billion RMB, another increase of over 16 percent. Urban residents had a per capita income of 8,530 RMB (US$1060) which represented a similar increase of 15 percent from the year prior,

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