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Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States Appendix A Web-Based Resources on Energy and Air Quality Data Sources for Policies, Laws, Regulations, and Guidelines Title/Source Description Evaluation SEPA index of Environmental Laws http://www.zhb.gov.cn/english/law.php3 Catalogues Chinese environmental laws through 2004, some in English Useful index for laws prior to 2004, but is not being updated EPA’s Guide to Clean Air Act http://www.epa.gov/oar/oaqps/peg_caa/pegcaain.html Comprehensive guide to 1990 Clean Air Act and subsequent changes Organized well by category; plain language and figures make this a useful site for non-technical readers EPA’s Office of Air and Radiation http://www.epa.gov/oar/ The Office of Air and Radiation (OAR) develops technical policies and regulations for controlling air pollution Links lead to information on Clean Air Act as well as other policies and regulations
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Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States Title/Source Description Evaluation Global Village Beijing http://www.gvbchina.org/EnglishWeb/index.htm One of the first NGOs in China; focused on environmental education with programs addressing energy efficiency, mercury emissions, and similar issues Source for environmental news and campaigns in China, but little information on official policies U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management http://www.em.doe.gov/ Listing of laws and regulations affecting the U.S. DOE Source for links for understanding how environmental laws and regulations impact a federal agency SEPA Laws & Regulations http://www.sepa.gov.cn/english/chanel-3/chanel-3-end-2.php3?chanel=3&column=23 Chinese environmental regulations Comprehensive list with links to text; many recent regulations Cleaner Production in China-Environmental Legislation http://www.chinacp.com/eng/cnenvleg.html NDRC maintained website (in English) with information pertaining to its programs Provides extensive information related to cleaner production laws in China Energy Information Sources Title/Source Description Evaluation Energy Information Administration http://www.eia.doe.gov/ Official energy statistics from the U.S. government Starting point for information on energy supply, production, consumption, and forecasts in the U.S., as well as more limited international data National Energy & Technology Laboratory http://www.netl.doe.gov/ U.S. DOE’s fossil fuel research laboratory Provides a portal to all information surrounding NETL, the only U.S. national laboratory devoted to fossil energy technology
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Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States Title/Source Description Evaluation China Energy Group-Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory http://china.lbl.gov/ Chinese Energy Databooks and other information particularly focused on energy efficiency Easy to follow links for learning about the interaction of LBL with China and the research it is conducting. National Renewable Energy Laboratory http://www.nrel.gov/ U.S. DOE’s primary lab for renewable energy and energy efficiency R&D Excellent portal for accessing information on U.S. national laboratory research on renewable energy technologies National Bureau of Statistics (China) http://www.stats.gov.cn/english The official source for energy production and consumption data in China Official statistical data for China; Energy data are mixed in with other national data such as GDP National Energy Leading Group http://www.chinaenergy.gov.cn/ Ministerial level office reporting directly to the State Council Numerous links and scrolling news (in Chinese) Energy Bureau, National Development and Reform Commission http://nyj.ndrc.gov.cn/ Supports the work of the Energy Leading Group (formerly was the primary energy office) Regularly updated news and links (in Chinese) Energy Research Institute http://eri.org.cn National research organization studying comprehensive energy issues, reporting to the NDRC Information in Chinese and English Air Quality and Meteorological Information Sources Title/Source Description Evaluation U.S. EPA AirData http://www.epa.gov/air/data/geosel.html Provides air quality maps, data, and reports for specific regions of the United States Easy, step-by-step website for gathering air quality data and maps
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Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States Title/Source Description Evaluation Visibility Information Exchange Web System (VIEWS) http://vista.cira.colostate.edu/views Online exchange of air quality data, research, and ideas designed to support the Regional Haze Rule enacted by the U.S. EPA Source for exchanging air quality data, research, and ideas. Guest book available for registering as an interested party in air quality U.S. EPA Air and Climate Programs http://www.epa.gov/international/airandclimate/byregion/chinaair.html Guide to U.S. EPA and SEPA joint programs on clean air and energy Starting point for understanding how EPA (U.S.) and SEPA (China) are working together on clean air and energy projects U.S. National Emissions Inventory http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/net/index.html National database of air emissions information with input from numerous state and local air agencies as well as industry Data and emissions factors contained on this site are used for purposes such as regulation setting and modeling. Year 2002 data was posted in February 2006 World Bank Air Quality Standards for Select Countries http://www.worldbank.org/html/fpd/em/power/standards/airqstd.stm Standards for SO2, NOx, PM, and other pollutants in Asian countries, with comparisons to select OECD countries Data is provided in easy to understand tables for quick reference and comparison South Coast Air Quality Management District http://www.aqmd.gov South Coast AQMD is the air pollution control agency for Southern California, including Los Angeles Good resource for understanding how air quality management districts work and the future plans for SCAQMD
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Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States Title/Source Description Evaluation California Air Resources Board http://www.arb.ca.gov/homepage.htm ARB is the state agency responsible for protecting public health and the environment from air pollution effects First stop for air quality information related to California. Website is well maintained with extensive information Allegheny County Health Department, Office of Air Quality http://www.achd.net/airqual/index.php ACHD issues pollution permits, monitors air quality, inspects sources, and investigates complaints in southwestern Pennsylvania Useful portal with fact sheets, links to permit applications and general information on how the health department is involved with air quality in Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Quality, Bureau of Air Quality http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/airwaste/aq/default.htm Comprehensive online resource for air quality information in the state of Pennsylvania An example of the detailed level of air quality information that is available on the state level (Pennsylvania) Dalian Environmental Protection Bureau http://www.dlepb.gov.cn/English/index.aspx Dalian EPB’s website Basic Chinese site (English available) with daily air quality predictions Huainan Environmental Protection Bureau http://www.hnhb.gov.cn/hnhb1/index.asp Huainan EPB’s website Contains information collected at Environmental Monitoring Center, including air quality data U.S. Regional Climate Centers http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/rcc.html Directory of national and regional climate centers with links to each center Easy map guides users to the appropriate regional climate center
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Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States Title/Source Description Evaluation SEPA Daily Air Quality Report http://www.sepa.gov.cn/english/air-list.php3 Daily reports on air quality in 84 Chinese cities supplying SEPA with data (including Dalian) Basic table with readings for 84 cities Economic Analysis Models and Methods Title/Source Description Evaluation Economics and Cost Analysis Support http://www.epa.gov/ttn/ecas Databases and models for cost, benefit, and economic impact analyses. Documents include analytical guidance and reports on conducting analysis of costs, benefits, and economic impacts of air quality management strategies, programs, and regulations Free modeling programs available for download, including economic analysis models and emissions growth models Center for Energy, Environmental, and Economic Systems Analysis http://www.dis.anl.gov/ceeesa/programs/environment_analysis.html CEEESA is part of Argonne National Lab, responsible for GHG projections and analysis, emissions inventories, and environmental externalities Free modeling programs available for download, ranging from power to environmental system analysis World Bank, Environmental Management for Power Development http://www.worldbank.org/html/fpd/em/ A collaborative program coordinated by the World Bank to support the integration of environmental concerns into project and power system planning in developing countries Useful information including downloadable software but in need of updating Allowance Trading http://www.epa.gov/airmarkt/trading/index.html Information on EPA Clean Air Market’s trading concepts, program design considerations, and tracking of allowances Starting point if considering a cap-and-trade scheme as part of a clean air market program. Site contains numerous relevant links
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Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States Industrial Source Emission Control Measures Title/Source Description Evaluation New and Emerging Environmental Technology http://neet.rti.org/ On-line repository for information on technologies that prevent, remove, sample, monitor, or model emissions Excellent resource for finding technologies RACT/BACT/LAER Clearinghouse http://cfpub.epa.gov/rblc/htm/bl02.cfm Provides information on “best available” technologies for controlling air pollution from stationary sources Good initial portal for guiding the user to additional resources on the best technologies for reducing air pollution from stationary sources Environmental Protection Institute of Light Industry http://www.chinacp.com/eng/cporg/cporg_nlia.html Research institute concentrating on technology development, pollution control, and environmental protection for light industry Extension of the earlier Chinese cleaner production website focused on light industry Mobile Source After-Engine Emission Control Measures and Mobile Source Fuels Title/Source Description Evaluation U.S. EPA Office of Transportation and Air Quality http://www.epa.gov/otaq This program is charged with regulating air pollution from motor vehicles, engines, and the fuels used to operate them Very rich site with links to key topic areas surrounding air quality and transportation ARB Mobile Source Program http://www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/msprog.htm California’s statewide programs and strategies to reduce emissions from mobile sources Start on this California Air Resources Board site if seeking information on California’s mobile source emissions programs
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Energy Futures and Urban Air Pollution: Challenges for China and the United States Title/Source Description Evaluation Clean Technologies Information Pool http://www.cleanairnet.org/infopool/1411/channel.html Featured activity of the Clean Air Initiative; easily accessible and comprehensive information on cleaner buses, trucks, and fuels Information is organized nicely by region including Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America U.S. EPA-Fuels and Fuel Additives http://www.epa.gov/OMS/fuels.htm Information on fuel quality standards, programs and regulations Start here for information related to conventional and alternative fuels for motor vehicles and engines Clean Fuels Development Commission http://www.cleanfuelsdc.org/index.html Non-profit organization supporting the development of cleaner technologies for mobile source fuels Contains examples of how non-profits can partner with government agencies for energy-related projects