Recommendation F.2: An applied science program should be designed and executed to obtain information that will both improve the accuracy of the terms of the equation and help evaluate threats and their inherent uncertainties. This will require information about different biothreat agents, instrumentation types, and scenarios important to DOD. The information will be of value to biodetector testing and many other aspects of the overall military biodefense program.
An applied science program should be created to act on the priorities as they become apparent. For example, as intelligence is gathered, it may become apparent that one type of agent is a greater threat than another. In this case, a program to investigate in detail the effect of particle size on health outcome for that strain or agent type may be in order. An effective applied science program would enable a quick response to emerging threats and any new data.