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OCR for page 85
A Framework for Assessing the Health Hazard Posed by Bioaerosols D Acronyms and Abbreviations ABT – Ambient breeze tunnel ACPLA – Agent-Containing Particles per Liter of Air AGI – All-glass impinger ALO – Agent-like organism APS – Aerodynamic particle sizer ASTM – American Society for Testing and Materials BAP – Biologically active aerosol particles BAPLADae – Biologically active aerosol particles per liter of air size resolved by aerodynamic diameter BAU – Biologically active units BAULADae – Biologically active units per liter of air size resolved by aerodynamic diameter BAWS – Biological agent warning sensor BSL – Biosafety level BW – Biological warfare BWA – Biological warfare agent CFU – Colony-forming units Dae – Aerodynamic diameter DARPA – Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DHS – Department of Homeland Security DNA – Deoxyribonucleic acid DOD – Department of Defense DPG – Dugway Proving Ground DTRA – Defense Threat Reduction Agency ECBC – Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center ECL – Electrochemiluminescence ELISA – Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ET – Extrathoracic region of the respiratory tract FLAPS – Fluorescence aerodynamic particle sizer GE – Genomic equivalents ID50 – The dosage that is required to infect 50 percent of a given population JPEO –Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense JRO – Joint Requirements Office JT&E – Joint test and evaluation LA – Liter of air LD50 – The dosage that is lethal to 50 percent of a given population LOD – Limit of detection
OCR for page 86
A Framework for Assessing the Health Hazard Posed by Bioaerosols MMAD – Mass median aerodynamic diameter P – Pulmonary region of the respiratory tract PCR – Polymerase chain reaction PD TESS – Product Director, Test Equipment, Strategy and Support PFU – Plaque-forming units PM10 – Particulate matter with a diameter less than or equal to 10 µm RNA – Ribonucleic acid SARS – Severe acute respiratory syndrome T&E – Test and evaluation TB – Tracheobronchial region of the respiratory tract TRL – Technology readiness level USAMRIID – United States Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases WSLAT – Whole system live agent testing