D
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ABT – Ambient breeze tunnel

ACPLA – Agent-Containing Particles per Liter of Air

AGI – All-glass impinger

ALO – Agent-like organism

APS – Aerodynamic particle sizer

ASTM – American Society for Testing and Materials

BAP – Biologically active aerosol particles

BAPLADae – Biologically active aerosol particles per liter of air size resolved by aerodynamic diameter

BAU – Biologically active units

BAULADae – Biologically active units per liter of air size resolved by aerodynamic diameter

BAWS – Biological agent warning sensor

BSL – Biosafety level

BW – Biological warfare

BWA – Biological warfare agent

CFU – Colony-forming units

Dae – Aerodynamic diameter

DARPA – Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DHS – Department of Homeland Security

DNA – Deoxyribonucleic acid

DOD – Department of Defense

DPG – Dugway Proving Ground

DTRA – Defense Threat Reduction Agency

ECBC – Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center

ECL – Electrochemiluminescence

ELISA – Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ET – Extrathoracic region of the respiratory tract

FLAPS – Fluorescence aerodynamic particle sizer

GE – Genomic equivalents

ID50 – The dosage that is required to infect 50 percent of a given population

JPEO –Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense

JRO – Joint Requirements Office

JT&E – Joint test and evaluation

LA – Liter of air

LD50 – The dosage that is lethal to 50 percent of a given population

LOD – Limit of detection



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OCR for page 85
D Acronyms and Abbreviations ABT – Ambient breeze tunnel ACPLA – Agent-Containing Particles per Liter of Air AGI – All-glass impinger ALO – Agent-like organism APS – Aerodynamic particle sizer ASTM – American Society for Testing and Materials BAP – Biologically active aerosol particles BAPLADae – Biologically active aerosol particles per liter of air size resolved by aerodynamic diameter BAU – Biologically active units BAULADae – Biologically active units per liter of air size resolved by aerodynamic diameter BAWS – Biological agent warning sensor BSL – Biosafety level BW – Biological warfare BWA – Biological warfare agent CFU – Colony-forming units Dae – Aerodynamic diameter DARPA – Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DHS – Department of Homeland Security DNA – Deoxyribonucleic acid DOD – Department of Defense DPG – Dugway Proving Ground DTRA – Defense Threat Reduction Agency ECBC – Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center ECL – Electrochemiluminescence ELISA – Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ET – Extrathoracic region of the respiratory tract FLAPS – Fluorescence aerodynamic particle sizer GE – Genomic equivalents ID50 – The dosage that is required to infect 50 percent of a given population JPEO –Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense JRO – Joint Requirements Office JT&E – Joint test and evaluation LA – Liter of air LD50 – The dosage that is lethal to 50 percent of a given population LOD – Limit of detection 85

OCR for page 85
86 MMAD – Mass median aerodynamic diameter P – Pulmonary region of the respiratory tract PCR – Polymerase chain reaction PD TESS – Product Director, Test Equipment, Strategy and Support PFU – Plaque-forming units PM10 – Particulate matter with a diameter less than or equal to 10 µm RNA – Ribonucleic acid SARS – Severe acute respiratory syndrome T&E – Test and evaluation TB – Tracheobronchial region of the respiratory tract TRL – Technology readiness level USAMRIID – United States Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases WSLAT – Whole system live agent testing