. "2 Achievements of the Biological Threat Reduction Program." The Biological Threat Reduction Program of the Department of Defense: From Foreign Assistance to Sustainable Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2007.
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The Biological Threat Reduction Program of the Department of Defense|From Foreign Assistance to Sustainable Partnerships
FIGURE 2-2 BTRP funding by country, FY 1998-2007 (in millions of U.S. dollars).
SOURCE: Data provided by DTRA, April 2007.
NOTE: Additional program administration costs of $81.9 million that have affected programs in all countries are not included in this figure.
BTRP and its predecessor programs have addressed key aspects of the overall U.S. effort to prevent the proliferation of biological weapons. The categories of activities are as follows:
Biological Infrastructure Elimination, with three facility dismantlement projects completed in Kazakhstan and Georgia and on Vozrozhdeniye Island in the Aral Sea
Biosafety/Biosecurity, which involves facility upgrades, training, and related activities throughout the region and initial steps in establishing the Threat AgentDetection and Response (TADR) network in Georgia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan
Cooperative Biological Research, with research laboratory upgrades and research projects carried out in Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, and Azerbaijan
Program Administration, involving supporting activities by a variety of organizations, including a contractor-led Threat Reduction Support Center that supports a staff of more than 30 analysts and advisers for BTRP and contracts to cover costs of shipments of materials and equipment that must be handled carefully, undertakings that consume more than one-half of the funds available for this program element.
The distribution of expenditures among these four program categories is set forth in Figure 2-3.