TABLE 3-1 Distribution of worldwide bio-related nonproliferation funds in FY 2006 and 2007 (estimated, in millions of U.S. dollars rounded to the nearest $0.1 million).


FY 2006

FY 2007

DOD Biological Threat Reduction Programa



  • Program Administration

$ 21.6

$ 15.5

  • Infrastructure Elimination

$ 1.3

$ 0.5

  • Biosecurity and TADR

$ 45.8

$ 48.7

  • Cooperative Biological Research

$ 1.0

$ 6.1




  • Science & Technology Centers

$ 0.7

$ 0.9

  • Bio-Industry Initiative

$ 10.0

$ 7.0

  • Global Biosecurity Engagement Program

$ 3.9

$ 8.0

  • Bio-Chem Engagement Programb

$ 15.1

$ 5.7

  • DHHS: Biotechnology Engagement Program (BTEP)

$ 7.6

$ 2.3

  • USDA/Agricultural Research Service

$ 6.0

$ 2.0

  • EPA

$ 1.5

$ 1.4

DOE: Global Initiative for Proliferation Prevention (GIPP)

$ 3.6

$ 2.2

NOTES: For the Science and Technology Centers, figures cited include only U.S. party-funded projects in the biological sciences. They do not include costs of project management or workshops that may be funded through the general U.S. contribution to the Centers. The HHS/BTEP Bio-Chem numbers shown above reflect only U.S. side program costs. Unspent BTEP funds at ISTC need to be spent down (more than $10 million left over between FY 2005 and FY 2007). HHS/BTEP funds were reduced in FY 2007 to spend down those funds before additional funding for FSU program costs could be allocated.

aThe DOD figures for FY 2007 do not include unallocated funds of $1.4 milllion and withheld funds of $ 0.2 million.

b These funds are transferred to DHHS, USDA, and EPA, as listed on the lines below. Also, these funds provide some support for redirection of the activities of former chemical weapons specialists as well.

SOURCE: Figures provided by DOD, DOS, and DOE in June and July 2007.

Table 3-2 identifies activities of the different departments and agencies. The costs for supporting some activities such as dismantlement and facility upgrades are generally higher than costs for other activities such as training and research investigations. BTRP has supported many of the most expensive endeavors, which explains some of the differences in levels of funding that have been made available. But still, the difference in funding levels is striking. No other department has received financial support that compares to the support for BTRP.

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