articles and book chapters. Dr. Cassell has received national and international awards and an honorary degree for her research in infectious diseases. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies and is currently serving on the IOM Council.

Dr. Cassell has been intimately involved in establishment of science policy and legislation related to biomedical research and public health. For nine years she was chairman of the Public and Scientific Affairs Board of the American Society for Microbiology, has served as an advisor on infectious diseases and indirect costs of research to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and has been an invited participant in numerous Congressional hearings and briefings related to infectious diseases, anti-microbial resistance, and biomedical research. She has served two terms on the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, the accrediting body for U.S. medical schools. She has just completed a term on the Leadership Council of the School of Public Health of Harvard University. Currently she is a member of the Executive Committee of the Board of Visitors of Columbia University School of Medicine and is a member of the Board of Directors of the Burroughs Wellcome Fund, the Executive Committee of the Board of Research!America, and the Advisory Council of the School of Nursing of Johns Hopkins University.

Dr. Timothy Endy

Timothy Endy, associate professor of medicine at the State University of New York, Upstate Medical University, received his master's degree in public health from the University of Michigan in 1982 and his MD in 1986 from the Uniformed Services University. He performed his internship and residency in internal medicine and a fellowship in infectious diseases at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center from 1986-1995, subsequently serving as a specialist in virology and emerging diseases in the United States Army Military Component in Bangkok, Thailand, from 1996-2001. Upon his return to the United States, Dr. Endy served in the Department of Virology at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases. From July 2003 until his retirement at the rank of colonel in 2006, Dr. Endy served as the director of the Division of Communicable Diseases and Immunology of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. He has published extensively on the topic of infectious disease.

Dr. James W. LeDuc

James W. LeDuc is director of the Program on Global Health, Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, University of Texas Medical Branch Galveston. Prior to assuming this post in November 2006, Dr. LeDuc was director of the Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where he coordinated research activities, prevention initiatives, and outbreak investigations for pathogens that cause viral hemorrhagic fevers, influenza and other respiratory infections, childhood viral diseases, and newly emerging diseases such as SARS. He served as the associate director for global health from 1996 to 2000 in the Office of the Director, National Center for Infectious Diseases, and was a medical officer in charge of arboviruses and viral hemorrhagic fevers at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland, from 1992 to 1996. He also held leadership positions during a 23-year career as a

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