Representatives of the research community told the committee that, in the interest of national security, the United States must be cautious about actions that unduly prevent the dissemination and exchange of information with other governments and research and academic institutions. Overly restrictive measures pose the danger that the United States could stultify its own efforts to achieve progress in scientific research by severing long-established ties with the global scientific community. This could undermine, rather than enhance, U.S. security. As Michelle Van Cleave, National Counterintelligence Executive, Office of National Counterintelligence, warned the committee, “…you can’t so lock down this country, our institutions, and our people to protect against all threats at all times. If we tried to do that, we would become a society that we wouldn’t want to be.”50


Michelle Van Cleave. 2006. Remarks made at a Committee on New Government-University Partnership for Science and Security meeting. The National Academies. January 12-13.

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