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current violence prevention movement’s efforts. The first stage is generating knowledge—it involves research, discovery, and finding new things. In this stage, he gave a rating of “A” because of the impressive findings of the last two decades to move this field forward. The second stage of dissemination is the spread of what we know—communications. This received a rating of “B–.” The World Report on Violence and Health was published and a lot of copies were disseminated, but he stated that most policy makers in the United States and around the world don’t really understand violence prevention; he acknowledged that adding the knowledge from the Institute of Medicine might help. Integration is the third stage, where existing knowledge on the same issue is brought together from different studies and fields. It involves bringing together different types of violence and the knowledge from violence prevention in different countries—the global south together with the global north, and the low- and middle-income countries with the wealthy countries. Finally, it involves integrating what we know about violence prevention with what others have learned about other diseases. He gave this a “C” rating because of the great deal of work that remains, in his estimate, for knowledge integration. Rosenberg stated that this workshop meeting was good in bringing people together from different fields, but that integration of the National Institute of Justice, the people who work in policing and law enforcement, those who prosecute people after violence has been done, the people who build justice systems, those who work in health and public health, the people who work in sociology, and the anthropologists and psychologists is still needed to break down programmatic and institutional silos. Finally, Brown talked about application—using this knowledge to improve the world. Rosenberg rated this area a “D” because he stated that there is much to be done to counter both the madness that engenders so much violence and our lack of action as we professionally, personally, and societally witness its consequences when we know what can be done to prevent it.



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