FIGURE 2-14 Percent of awardees who are married, by Research Associateship Program, 1965-2007.

Note: In 2007, not all application cycles have been completed and recorded in the database.

Source: National Academies, DataRAP Database, tabulations by staff.

Applicants and RAs in other RAPs tend to be older and more likely to be married than NIST/NRC RAP applicants and awardees. (See Appendix Table B-10 for the underlying data.) As Figure 2-13 shows, other RAP applicants are more likely to be married. Figure 2-14 shows that other RAP awardees are also more likely to be married. These figures raise a question of whether the NIST/NRC RAP is less attractive to married scientists and engineers or whether some other characteristic of applicants to the NIST/NRC RAP explains the trend that NIST/NRC Research Associates are more likely to be single.


Applicants to the NIST/NRC RAP select a lab on their application form. Over the years NIST has reorganized, which means that some older organizational names are no longer valid, while some recent laboratories may not yet have any applicants. Since 1965, applicants have applied to 18 different parts of NIST. We used the current organizational chart to map older institutional names onto current names (see Appendix E). This was problematic in a number of ways. First, 268 applicants simply put “National Institute of Standards and Technology.” Second, several older divisions—e.g., National Engineering Laboratory and the National Measurement Laboratory—map onto multiple contemporary divisions. We combined these situations into a new category: “Multiple,” but it can also be thought of as an unknown category. Finally, in spite of the efforts to map the laboratory names, viewing the data over time shows that this is not fully successful. Applicants to Technology Services covered the years 1965 to 1978,

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