Carl T. Bergstrom is an associate professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Washington. As an evolutionary biologist, Dr. Bergstrom studies the role of information in biological systems at scales from intracellular control of gene expression to population-wide linguistic communication. Working in close collaboration with empirical and experimental researchers, Dr. Bergstrom’s group approaches these problems using mathematical models and computer simulations. His recent projects include contributions to the game theory of communication, models of intracellular information processing, and work on how immune systems avoid subversion by pathogens. In a set of more applied endeavors, Dr. Bergstrom uses ecological and evolutionary theory to understand and control emerging infectious diseases, including antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitals and novel emerging pathogens such as SARS and avian influenza. A national leader in promoting public education about evolutionary biology, Dr. Bergstrom received his Ph.D. in theoretical population genetics from Stanford University in 1998. After a two-year postdoctoral fellowship at Emory University, where he studied the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases, Dr. Bergstrom joined the faculty at the University of Washington in 2001.

Vicki L. Chandler holds the Carl E. and Patricia Weiler Endowed Chair for Excellence in Agriculture and Life Sciences, regents’ professor in the Department of Plant Sciences and Molecular and Cellular Biology, and the director of the BIO5 Institute at the University of Arizona. She received her B.A. from the University of California, Berkeley, and her Ph.D. from the University of California, San Francisco. Dr. Chandler has conducted pioneering research on the control of gene expression in plants and animals. She has received numerous honors and awards, including the Presidential Young Investigator Award, the Searle Scholar Award, the National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Award for Women Scientists and Engineers, and the NIH Director’s Pioneer Award. She has served extensively on national advisory boards and panels for NSF, DOE, NIH, and HHMI, including the NSF Biological Directorate Advisory Committee from 2001 to 2004. She has chaired or cochaired national conferences for Keystone, FASEB, and the Gordon Research Conferences, serving on the GRC board of trustees and in 2001 as chair of the board. Dr. Chandler was elected to the International Society of Plant Molecular Biology Board of Directors for 1999-2003 and president of the American Society of Plant Biologists for 2001-2002. In 2007 she was elected to the Council of the National Academy of Sciences, to which she was elected a member in 2002.

Paul G. Falkowski is a professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University. Some of his

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