stances under which DoD would be involved in improving security at home. In extraordinary circumstances, it would conduct military missions such as combat air patrols or maritime defense operations. Plans for such contingencies will continue to be coordinated, as appropriate, with the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, and other federal departments and agencies.
Second, DoD would be involved during emergencies such as responding to an attack or to forest fires, floods, tornadoes, or other catastrophes. In these circumstances, the Department may be asked to act quickly to provide capabilities that other agencies do not have. It would also take part in limited-scope missions where other agencies have the lead—for example, security at a special event like the Olympics. Third, in response planning, DoD has responsibility for the infrastructure protection plan, vulnerability assessment, and threat warning for the defense industrial base.
The importance of military support to civil authorities as the latter respond to threats or acts of terrorism is recognized in Presidential decision directives and legislation. Military support to civil authorities pursuant to a terrorist threat or attack may take the form of providing technical support and assistance to law enforcement; assisting in the restoration of law and order; loaning specialized equipment; and assisting in consequence management. The U.S. Northern Command is the military command that has direct responsibility for the following:
Conducting operations to deter, prevent, and defeat threats and aggression aimed at the United States and its territories and interests within the assigned area of responsibility and
Providing defense support for civil authorities, as directed by the President or Secretary of Defense, including consequence management operations. 15
These specific homeland security missions may have an impact on the National Defense Stockpile in the following areas:
Major military operations in the United States requiring a surge of logistics support, such as wide-area infrastructure protection or extensive disaster relief.
Disruption (physical attack, natural disaster, pandemic illness) of vulnerable critical supply nodes, such as a mineral processing plant, a transportation center, or a consolidated supply depot that would impact military logistics.
See Web site of the U.S. Northern Command at http://www.northcom.mil. Accessed December 2007.