Appendixes



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Appendixes

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A Committee and Staff Biographies Robert b. Pirie Jr., Co-chair, is an independent consultant with more than 40 years of expertise in Department of Defense (DOD) planning, programming, and budgeting. He served 20 years as a naval officer, culminating his service with 3 years in command of a nuclear attack submarine. He also served as assistant sec- retary of defense in the Carter administration, assistant secretary of the Navy and under secretary of the Navy in the Clinton administration, and acting secretary of the Navy from January until June of 2001. Mr. Pirie has also held a number of senior positions in the private sector, including that of president at Essex Corpora- tion and vice president at the Institute for Defense Analyses. David A. Whelan (NAE), Co-chair, is vice president and deputy general man- ager of Advanced Systems and chief scientist for Integrated Defense Systems at the Boeing Company’s Phantom Works. His areas of expertise include defense research, development, and enabling technologies, such as autonomous vehicles and space-based, moving-target-indicator radar systems. Prior to joining Boeing, he served as director of the Tactical Technology Office at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Dr. Whelan formerly held several positions of increasing responsibility with Hughes Aircraft. His high-technology develop- ment experience also included roles as a research physicist for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and as one of four lead engineers assigned for the design and development of the B-2 Stealth Bomber Program at Northrop Grum- man. He has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, such as the Defense Science Board and the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, and is a member of the Naval Studies Board of the National Research Council (NRC). 151

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152 MaRITIMe SeCURITY PaRTNeRSHIPS Noel k. Cunningham is currently CEO of the MARSEC Group, a maritime security consulting services firm. Mr. Cunningham is the retired director of opera- tions for the Port of Los Angeles. In that capacity, he managed the port police department, port pilot services, homeland security, and emergency management divisions. Mr. Cunningham’s background includes a career in law enforcement as a command officer in the Los Angeles Police Department; extensive experience in maritime and homeland defense and risk assessment; and experience with fed- eral, state, and local laws applicable to cargo protection, pollution, vessel traffic control, and drug interdiction. He was formerly the chief of police for the Port of Los Angeles and was a member of the NRC Committee on the Role of Naval Forces in the Global War on Terror. Henry H. gaffney is director of the Strategy and Concepts Group in the Center for Strategic Studies at the Center for Naval Analyses Corporation (CNAC). His research interests range from military force structure to globalization; most recently, he examined military transformation, the changing nature of warfare through 2020, energy security, and global climate change. Prior to joining CNAC, Dr. Gaffney served for 28 years in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, where his activities focused on NATO and the Near East in security assistance affairs. gunther Handl is Eberhard Deutsch Professor of Public International Law at Tulane University. His expertise includes law of the sea, comparative law, inter- national environmental law, transnational litigation, and the intersection of law, science, and technology. Professor Handl has served as a consultant to various international organizations and governmental agencies and as a special advisor in the legal advisor’s office at the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He also served as a professor of law at Wayne State University and as an associate profes- sor of law at the University of Tulsa. Thom J. Hodgson (NAE) is distinguished university professor in the Industrial and Systems Engineering Department at North Carolina State University. His expertise includes scheduling and logistics as well as modeling and optimization approaches, classic job shop and industrial scheduling, supply chain manage- ment, and military logistics. He has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as chair of the NRC Committee on Evaluation of Manufacturing Vision and Strategies for the Production of the Crusader Artil- lery System. James D. Hull retired from the U.S. Coast Guard with the rank of vice admiral and currently serves as a principal advisor on homeland security for the Security Strategies and Operations Group at Anteon Corporation. His background includes Coast Guard and interagency operations and capabilities, as well as maritime security and intercept operations. During his Coast Guard career, Admiral Hull

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153 aPPeNDIX a served as commander of the Coast Guard’s Atlantic area and the U.S. Maritime Defense Zone Atlantic. He has served on numerous scientific boards and advi- sory committees and was a member of the NRC Committee on the Role of Naval Forces in the Global War on Terror. Harry W. Jenkins Jr. retired from the U.S. Marine Corps with the rank of major general and is currently an independent consultant. General Jenkins’s background includes naval operations, mine countermeasures, and Marine Corps intelligence operations, in particular, its mission use of C4ISR systems. He formerly served as director of business development and congressional liaison at ITT Industries- Defense, where he was responsible for activities in support of tactical commu- nications systems and airborne electronic warfare between the Navy, the Marine Corps, the Coast Guard, and the National Guard. During Operation Desert Storm, General Jenkins served as commanding general of the Fourth Marine Expedi- tionary Brigade. He is a member of the board of governors of the Marine Corps Association and a member of the Naval Studies Board. Catherine M. kelleher is a professor of public policy at the University of Maryland and a senior faculty associate at Brown University’s Watson Institute. Her research interests include cooperative European defense and security poli- cies, NATO relations, and international security and arms control. Dr. Kelleher served in the Clinton administration as the personal representative of the secretary of defense in Europe and as deputy assistant secretary of defense for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia. She has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as vice chair, co-vice chair, and member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control. Jerry A. krill is assistant director of programs at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL), where he oversees more than 400 pro- grams and is also the laboratory’s chief quality officer. His expertise includes weapons systems engineering, sensor and weapons networks, precision engage- ment and information-centric operations, missile defense, over-the-horizon mis- sile command-and-control systems, and microwave technology. Previously, he served as head of the Power Projection Systems Department, program manager for the Air and Missile Defense Area, and supervisor of the Weapon Systems Engineering Branch. He has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as a member of the NRC Committee on C4ISR for Future Naval Strike Groups. Thomas v. McNamara is senior vice president of the Advanced Solutions Center at Textron Systems. His expertise includes intelligent autonomous systems, pre- cision weapons delivery command and control, microelectromechanical systems development, guided munitions and missile technologies, Global Positioning

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154 MaRITIMe SeCURITY PaRTNeRSHIPS System antijam and ground control, and systems development and integration efforts for naval submersible and aircraft platforms. He served as a member of the NRC Committee on Distributed Remote Sensing for Naval Undersea Warfare; he is also a member of the Naval Studies Board. Heidi C. Perry is division leader of mission systems at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory. Her expertise includes guidance, navigation, and control; Global Positioning System antijam and ground control; precision weapons delivery command and control; guided munitions and missile technologies. Previously, Ms. Perry served as software engineering division leader and principal member of the technical staff at Draper. gene H. Porter is an independent consultant. His areas of expertise include national security planning and weapons systems development and defining the defense planning scenarios that are intended to guide the development of the U.S. military force structure. Mr. Porter formerly served as the director of acquisition policy and program integration at the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition. He has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory com- mittees, including as chair of the NRC Committee for Mine Warfare Assessment. Mr. Porter is a member of the Naval Studies Board. John S. quilty is retired senior vice president and director of the C3I DOD Federally Funded Research and Development Center at the MITRE Corporation. His background includes supporting the technical requirements of the Army, Navy, Defense Information Systems Agency, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other members of the national security community. Mr. Quilty’s recent work focused on support of DOD initiatives and activities to achieve improved C3I support to joint operations. He has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, such as the Defense Science Board. Mr. Quilty formerly served as a member of the NRC Committee on the Role of Naval Forces in the Global War on Terror and is a member of the Naval Studies Board. J. Paul Reason retired from the U.S. Navy with the rank of admiral after 34 years of service and is currently an independent consultant. His background includes naval and joint operations, as well as DOD planning, programming, and opera- tions. In his last position, he served as commander in chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, where his responsibilities included the training, maintenance, and readiness of naval forces deployed to the Mediterranean and Caribbean seas, South America, and the Persian Gulf. He was also responsible for the operations of most U.S. Navy bases and facilities along the East and Gulf coasts of the United States, and in Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Iceland. ADM Reason is a member of the Naval Studies Board.

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155 aPPeNDIX a Nils R. Sandell Jr. is vice president and general manager of BAE Systems Advanced Information Technologies. His expertise includes automatic target recognition; sensor fusion; sensor resource management; battle management; and command, control, and communications. He formerly served as an associate pro- fessor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he lectured in the areas of estimation and control theory, stochastic processes, and computer systems. Dr. Sandell has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as co-chair of the NRC Committee on C4ISR for Future Naval Strike Groups. He is a member of the Naval Studies Board. H. Eugene Stanley (NAS) is university professor, professor of physics, and director of the Center for Polymer Studies at Boston University. His expertise includes sensors and polymeric materials; theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena for a wide range of systems, including polymers; and applications of statistical mechanics to biology, economics, and medicine. Dr. Stanley was a member of the NRC Panel on Nonlinear Science. John P. Stenbit (NAE) is an independent consultant whose expertise includes system architectures for complex military and communication systems and sys- tems engineering of information systems. Mr. Stenbit formerly served as assistant secretary of defense for networks and information integration and DOD chief information officer. Prior to serving in the DOD, he served as executive vice president at TRW, Incorporated. Mr. Stenbit has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as a member of the NRC Commit- tee on C4ISR for Future Naval Strike Groups. He is also a member of the Naval Studies Board. Elihu zimet is a distinguished research professor in the Center for Technol- ogy and National Security Policy at the National Defense University (NDU). His background includes naval science and technology, including kinetic and nonkinetic effects, and low-observable and counter-low-observable tech- nologies. Prior to joining NDU, he served as head of the expeditionary war- fare science and technology department at the Office of Naval Research. Dr. Zimet served on the NRC Committee on the Role of Naval Forces in the Global War on Terror; he is also a member of the Naval Studies Board. Staff Charles F. Draper is director of the NRC’s Naval Studies Board. Before joining the NRC in 1997, Dr. Draper was the lead mechanical engineer at S.T. Research Corporation, where he provided technical and program management support for satellite Earth stations and small satellite design. He received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Vanderbilt University in 1995; his doctoral research

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156 MaRITIMe SeCURITY PaRTNeRSHIPS was conducted at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), where he used an atomic-force microscope to measure the nanomechanical properties of thin-film materials. In parallel with his graduate student duties, Dr. Draper was a mechani- cal engineer with Geo-Centers, Inc., working on-site at NRL on the development of an underwater X-ray backscattering tomography system used for the nonde- structive evaluation of U.S. Navy sonar domes on surface ships. Arul Mozhi is senior program officer at the NRC’s Division of Engineering and Physical Sciences. Prior to joining the NRC in 1999, Dr. Mozhi was senior sci- entist and program manager at UTRON, Inc., a high-tech company in the Wash- ington, D.C., area, working on pulsed electrical and chemical energy technologies applied to materials processing. From 1989 to 1996, Dr. Mozhi was a senior engineer and task leader at Roy F. Weston, Inc., a leading environmental con- sulting company, working on long-term nuclear materials behavior and systems engineering related to nuclear waste transport, storage, and disposal in support of the U.S. Department of Energy. Before 1989 he was a materials scientist at Marko Materials, Inc., a high-tech firm in the Boston area, working on rapidly solidified materials. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees (the latter in 1986) in materi- als engineering from the Ohio State University and then served as a postdoctoral research associate there. He received his B.S. in metallurgical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in 1982.