E
Land Imaging Satellites

The five tables on pages 202-211 are reprinted as received, with permission from Noblis, Inc. ©2007, from “ASPRS Guide to Land Imaging Satellites,” by W.E. Stoney of Mitretek Systems, updated for the NOAA Commercial Remote Sensing Symposium, “Key Trends and Challenges in the Global Marketplace,” Washington, D.C., September 12-14, 2006. See <http://www.asprs.org/news/satellites/>. Accessed on October 25, 2007.

The two unnumbered graphs on pages 212 and 213 are reprinted as received, with permission from Noblis, Inc. ©2007, from “The Evolving World of Land Imaging Satellites: A GEOSS Opportunity,” by W.E. Stoney of Mitretek Systems, presented to the GEOSS [Global Earth Observation System of Systems] Challenges and Opportunities Session at the IEEE IGARSS [International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium], Barcelona, Spain, September 23, 2007.



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E Land Imaging Satellites The five tables on pages 202-211 are reprinted as received, with permission from Noblis, Inc. ©2007, from “ASPRS Guide to Land Imaging Satellites,” by W.E. Stoney of Mitretek Systems, updated for the NOAA Commercial Remote Sensing Symposium, “Key Trends and Challenges in the Global Marketplace,” Washington, D.C., September 12-14, 2006. See . Accessed on October 25, 2007. The two unnumbered graphs on pages 212 and 213 are reprinted as received, with permission from Noblis, Inc. ©2007, from “The Evolving World of Land Imaging Satellites: A GEOSS Opportunity,” by W.E. Stoney of Mitretek Systems, presented to the GEOSS [Global Earth Observation System of Systems] Chal- lenges and Opportunities Session at the IEEE IGARSS [International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium], Barcelona, Spain, September 23, 2007. 201

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CURRENT AND PLANNED, 36 M & BETTER, LAND IMAGING SATELLITES 202 MS RES. M SATELLITE COUNTRY LAUNCH PAN RES. M US 03/01/84 Landsat 5 30.0 France 01/22/90 20 SPOT-2 10.0 ESA 04/21/95 ERS-2 30.0 Canada 11/04/95 RadarSat 1 8.5 India 12/28/95 23 IRS 1C 6.0 India 09/29/97 23 IRS 1D 6.0 France 03/24/98 20 SPOT-4 10.0 US 04/15/99 30 Landsat 7 15.0 US 09/24/99 4 IKONOS-2 1.0 Japan/US 12/15/99 15, 30, 90 TERRA (ASTER) Korea 12/20/99 ARIRANG-1 (KOMPSAT-1) 6.6 US 11/21/00 30 EO-1 10.0 Israel 12/05/00 EROS A1 1.8 US 10/18/01 2.5 QuickBird-2 0.6 ESA 10/22/01 18, 36 Proba 8.0 ESA 03/01/02 ENVISAT 30.0 France 05/04/02 10 SPOT-5 2.5 Algeria 11/28/02 32 DMC AlSat-1 (SSTL) US 06/26/03 4 OrbView 3 1.0 Nigeria 09/27/03 32 DMC NigeriaSat-1 (SSTL) Turkey 09/27/03 26 DMC BilSat (SSTL) 12.0 UK 09/27/03 32 DMC UK (SSTL) India 10/17/03 6, 23, 56 IRS ResourceSat-1 6.0 China/Brazil 10/21/03 20 CBERS-2 20.0 Taiwan 04/20/04 8 FormoSat (RocSat2) 2.0 Thailand 12/01/04 36 ThaiPhat (SSTL) India 05/04/05 IRS Cartosat 1 2.5 Russia 08/26/05 8.0 20 MONITOR-E -1 China 10/27/05 32 Beijing-1 (SSTL) 4.0 UK 10/27/05 5 TopSat (SSTL) 2.5 Japan 01/24/06 10 ALOS 2.5 Japan 01/24/06 ALOS 10.0 Israel 04/25/06 EROS B1 0.7 Russia 06/15/06 3 Resurs DK-1 (01-N5) 1.0 Korea 07/28/06 4 Arirang-2 (KOMPSAT-2) 1.0 Germany 10/31/06 TerraSAR X 1.0 Malyasia 11/01/06 5 RazakSat* 2.5 Vietnam 11/01/06 32 VinSat-1 (SSTL) 4.0 South Africa 12/12/06 6.5 Sumbandilasat Canada 12/15/06 RadarSat 2 3.0 India 01/30/07 RISAT 3.0

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Japan 01/24/06 10 ALOS 2.5 Japan 01/24/06 ALOS 10.0 Israel 04/25/06 EROS B1 0.7 Russia 06/15/06 3 Resurs DK-1 (01-N5) 1.0 Korea 07/28/06 4 Arirang-2 (KOMPSAT-2) 1.0 Germany 10/31/06 TerraSAR X 1.0 Malyasia 11/01/06 5 RazakSat* 2.5 Vietnam 11/01/06 32 VinSat-1 (SSTL) 4.0 South Africa 12/12/06 6.5 Sumbandilasat Canada 12/15/06 RadarSat 2 3.0 India 01/30/07 RISAT 3.0 India 03/15/07 IRS Cartosat 2 1.0 US 03/16/07 0.41 1.64 GeoEye-1 Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-A Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-B Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-C Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-D Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-E China/Brazil 06/15/07 20 CBERS-2B 20.0 Thailand 06/30/07 15 THOES 2.0 China 07/01/07 30, 100H HJ-1-A China 07/01/07 30,150,300 HJ-1-B US 07/01/07 WorldView -1 0.5 Italy 11/12/07 COSMO-Skymed-1 1.0 China 03/01/08 5, 20 HJ-1-C Israel 03/21/08 2.5 EROS C 0.7 Singapore 04/16/08 10 X-Sat China/Brazil 05/01/08 20 CBERS-3 5.0 Italy 05/01/08 COSMO-Skymed-2 1.0 US 07/01/08 1.8 WorldView -2 0.5 Israel/France 08/01/08 5.3 Venus Germany 08/15/08 TerraSAR L 1.0 Italy 11/01/08 COSMO-Skymed-3 1.0 Algeria 12/01/08 10 Alsat-2A 2.5 India 12/15/08 6, 23, 56 IRS ResourceSat-2 6.0 France 03/01/09 2.8 Pleiades-1 0.7 Italy 05/01/09 COSMO-Skymed-4 1.0 Germany 06/30/09 1.0 TanDem-X Algeria 12/01/09 10 Alsat-2B 2.5 China/Brazil 07/01/10 20 CBERS-4 5.0 Spain 07/01/10 Spain Sat 2.5 France 09/01/10 2.8 Pleiades-2 0.7 US 07/01/11 30 LDCM 10.0 203 Commercial * Near Equatorial Orbit Revised 9/7/06 Radar 7

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LAND IMAGING SATELLITES BY COUNTRY 204 MS RES. M SATELLITE COUNTRY LAUNCH PAN RES. M Algeria 11/28/02 32 DMC AlSat-1 (SSTL) Algeria 12/01/08 10 Alsat-2A 2.5 Algeria 12/01/09 10 Alsat-2B 2.5 Canada 11/04/95 RadarSat 1 8.5 Canada 12/15/06 RadarSat 2 3.0 China 10/27/05 32 Beijing-1 (SSTL) 4.0 China 07/01/07 30, 100H HJ-1-A China 07/01/07 30,150,300 HJ-1-B China 03/01/08 5, 20 HJ-1-C China/Brazil 10/21/03 20 CBERS-2 20.0 China/Brazil 06/15/07 20 CBERS-2B 20.0 China/Brazil 05/01/08 20 CBERS-3 5.0 China/Brazil 07/01/10 20 CBERS-4 5.0 ESA 04/21/95 ERS-2 30.0 ESA 10/22/01 18, 36 Proba 8.0 ESA 03/01/02 ENVISAT 30.0 France 01/22/90 20 SPOT-2 10.0 France 03/24/98 20 SPOT-4 10.0 France 05/04/02 10 SPOT-5 2.5 France 03/01/09 2.8 Pleiades-1 0.7 France 09/01/10 2.8 Pleiades-2 0.7 Germany 10/31/06 TerraSAR X 1.0 Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-A Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-B Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-C Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-D Germany 06/01/07 6.5 RapidEye-E Germany 08/15/08 TerraSAR L 1.0 Germany 06/30/09 1.0 TanDem-X India 12/28/95 23 IRS 1C 6.0 India 09/29/97 23 IRS 1D 6.0 India 10/17/03 6, 23, 56 IRS ResourceSat-1 6.0 India 05/04/05 IRS Cartosat 1 2.5 India 01/30/07 RISAT 3.0 India 03/15/07 IRS Cartosat 2 1.0 India 12/15/08 6, 23, 56 IRS ResourceSat-2 6.0 Israel 12/05/00 EROS A1 1.8 Israel 04/25/06 EROS B1 0.7 Israel 03/21/08 2.5 EROS C 0.7 Israel/France 08/01/08 5.3 Venus

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India 10/17/03 6, 23, 56 IRS ResourceSat-1 6.0 India 05/04/05 IRS Cartosat 1 2.5 India 01/30/07 RISAT 3.0 India 03/15/07 IRS Cartosat 2 1.0 India 12/15/08 6, 23, 56 IRS ResourceSat-2 6.0 Israel 12/05/00 EROS A1 1.8 Israel 04/25/06 EROS B1 0.7 Israel 03/21/08 2.5 EROS C 0.7 Israel/France 08/01/08 5.3 Venus Italy 11/12/07 COSMO-Skymed-1 1.0 Italy 05/01/08 COSMO-Skymed-2 1.0 Italy 11/01/08 COSMO-Skymed-3 1.0 Italy 05/01/09 COSMO-Skymed-4 1.0 Japan 01/24/06 10 ALOS 2.5 Japan 01/24/06 ALOS 10.0 Japan/US 12/15/99 15, 30, 90 TERRA (ASTER) Korea 12/20/99 ARIRANG-1 (KOMPSAT-1) 6.6 Korea 07/28/06 4 Arirang-2 (KOMPSAT-2) 1.0 Malyasia 11/01/06 5 RazakSat* 2.5 Nigeria 09/27/03 32 DMC NigeriaSat-1 (SSTL) Russia 08/26/05 8.0 20 MONITOR-E -1 Russia 06/15/06 3 Resurs DK-1 (01-N5) 1.0 Singapore 04/16/08 10 X-Sat South Africa 12/12/06 6.5 Sumbandilasat Spain 07/01/10 Spain Sat 2.5 Taiwan 04/20/04 8 FormoSat (RocSat2) 2.0 Thailand 12/01/04 36 ThaiPhat (SSTL) Thailand 06/30/07 15 THOES 2.0 Turkey 09/27/03 26 DMC BilSat (SSTL) 12.0 UK 09/27/03 32 DMC UK (SSTL) UK 10/27/05 5 TopSat (SSTL) 2.5 US 03/01/84 Landsat 5 30.0 US 04/15/99 30 Landsat 7 15.0 US 09/24/99 4 IKONOS-2 1.0 US 11/21/00 30 EO-1 10.0 US 10/18/01 2.5 QuickBird-2 0.6 US 06/26/03 4 OrbView 3 1.0 US 03/16/07 0.41 1.64 GeoEye-1 US 07/01/07 WorldView -1 0.5 US 07/01/08 1.8 WorldView -2 0.5 US 07/01/11 30 LDCM 10.0 Vietnam 11/01/06 32 VinSat-1 (SSTL) 4.0 205 Commercial * Near Equatorial Orbit Revised 9/7/06 Radar 8

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OPTICAL LAND IMAGING SATELLITES BY BEST RESOLUTION 206 MS RES. M SWATH KM SATELLITE COUNTRY LAUNCH PAN RES. M VERY HIGH RESOLUTION ( .41 TO 1 METERS) US 03/16/07 0.41 1.64 15 GeoEye-1 US 07/01/07 16 WorldView -1 0.5 US 07/01/08 1.8 16 WorldView -2 0.5 US 10/18/01 2.5 16 QuickBird-2 0.6 Israel 04/25/06 7 EROS B1 0.7 Israel 03/21/08 2.5 16 EROS C 0.7 France 07/01/08 2.8 20 Pleiades-1 0.7 France 07/01/09 2.8 20 Pleiades-2 0.7 US 09/24/99 4 11 IKONOS-2 1.0 US 06/26/03 4 8 OrbView 3 1.0 Russia 06/15/06 3 28 Resurs DK-1 (01-N5) 1.0 Korea 07/28/06 4 15 KOMPSAT-2 1.0 India 08/15/06 10 IRS Cartosat 2 1.0 HIGH RESOLUTION (1.8 TO 2.5 METERS) Israel 12/05/00 14 EROS A1 1.8 Taiwan 04/20/04 8 24 FormoSat (RocSat2) 2.0 Thailand 06/30/07 15 22, 90 THOES 2.0 France 05/04/02 10 120 SPOT-5 2.5 India 05/04/05 30 IRS Cartosat 1 2.5 UK 10/27/05 5 10, 15 TopSat (SSTL) 2.5 Japan 01/24/06 10 35, 70 ALOS 2.5 Malyasia 11/01/06 5 ? RazakSat* 2.5 Spain 07/01/10 ? Spain Sat 2.5 HIGH MEDIUM RESOLUTION (4 TO 8 METERS) China 10/27/05 32 600 Beijing-1 (SSTL) 4.0 Vietnam 11/01/06 32 600 VinSat-1 (SSTL) 4.0 US 03/12/00 5, 20 12 MTI China/Brazil 05/01/08 20 60, 120 CBERS-3 5.0 China/Brazil 07/01/10 20 60, 120 CBERS-4 5.0 India 12/28/95 23 70, 142 IRS 1C 6.0 India 09/29/97 23 70, 142 IRS 1D 6.0 India 10/17/03 6, 23, 56 24, 140,740 IRS ResourceSat-1 6.0 India 12/15/06 6, 23, 56 24, 140, 740 IRS ResourceSat-2 6.0

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Spain 07/01/10 ? Spain Sat 2.5 HIGH MEDIUM RESOLUTION (4 TO 8 METERS) China 10/27/05 32 600 Beijing-1 (SSTL) 4.0 Vietnam 11/01/06 32 600 VinSat-1 (SSTL) 4.0 US 03/12/00 5, 20 12 MTI China/Brazil 05/01/08 20 60, 120 CBERS-3 5.0 China/Brazil 07/01/10 20 60, 120 CBERS-4 5.0 India 12/28/95 23 70, 142 IRS 1C 6.0 India 09/29/97 23 70, 142 IRS 1D 6.0 India 10/17/03 6, 23, 56 24, 140,740 IRS ResourceSat-1 6.0 India 12/15/06 6, 23, 56 24, 140, 740 IRS ResourceSat-2 6.0 Germany 06/01/07 6.5 78 RapidEye-A,B,C,D,E Korea 12/20/99 17 KOMPSAT-1 6.6 South Africa 09/01/06 7.5 ? R26m ESA 10/22/01 18, 36 14 Proba 8.0 Russia 08/26/05 8.0 20 94, 160 MONITOR-E -1 MEDIUM RESOLUTION (10 TO 20 METERS) France 01/22/90 20 120 SPOT-2 10.0 France 03/24/98 20 120 SPOT-4 10.0 US 11/21/00 30 37 EO-1 10.0 Singapore 04/16/08 10 50 X-Sat US 07/01/11 30 177 LDCM 10.0 Turkey 09/27/03 26 24, 52 DMC BilSat (SSTL) 12.0 US 04/15/99 30 185 Landsat 7 15.0 Japan/US 12/15/99 15, 30, 90 60 TERRA (ASTER) China/Brazil 10/21/03 20 113 CBERS-2 20.0 China/Brazil 06/15/07 20 113 CBERS-2B 20.0 LOW MEDIUM RESOLUTION (30 TO 56 METERS) US 03/01/84 185 Landsat 5 30 Algeria 11/28/02 32 600 DMC AlSat-1 (SSTL) Thailand 12/01/04 36 600 ThaiPhat (SSTL) Nigeria 09/27/03 32 600 DMC NigeriaSat-1 (SSTL) UK 09/27/03 32 600 DMC UK (SSTL) India 10/17/03 56 740 IRS ResourceSat-1 AWIFS India 12/15/06 56 740 IRS ResourceSat-2 AWIFS Commercial * Near Equatorial Orbit Revised 7/6/06 207 9

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OPTICAL LAND IMAGING SATELLITES BY MS RESOLUTION 20 SATELLITE COUNTRY LAUNCH PAN RES. M MS RES. M SWATH KM HIGH RESOLUTION (1.64 TO 3 METERS) US 03/16/07 0.41 1.64 15 GeoEye-1 US 07/01/08 1.8 16 WorldView -2 0.5 US 10/18/01 2.5 16 QuickBird-2 0.6 Israel 03/21/08 2.5 16 EROS C 0.7 France 07/01/08 2.8 20 Pleiades-1 0.7 France 07/01/09 2.8 20 Pleiades-2 0.7 Russia 06/15/06 3 28 Resurs DK-1 (01-N5) 1.0 HIGH MEDIUM RESOLUTION (4 TO 8 METERS) US 09/24/99 4 11 IKONOS-2 1.0 US 06/26/03 4 8 OrbView 3 1.0 Korea 07/28/06 4 15 KOMPSAT-2 1.0 UK 10/27/05 5 10, 15 TopSat (SSTL) 2.5 Malyasia 11/01/06 5 ? RazakSat* 2.5 US 03/12/00 5 12 MTI VNIR India 10/17/03 6 24 IRS ResourceSat-1 LISS-IV 6.0 India 12/15/06 6 24 IRS ResourceSat-2 LISS-IV 6.0 Germany 06/01/07 6.5 78 RapidEye-A,B,C,D,E South Africa 09/01/06 7.5 ? R26m Taiwan 04/20/04 8 24 FormoSat (RocSat2) 2.0 MEDIUM RESOLUTION (10 TO 26 METERS) France 05/04/02 10 120 SPOT-5 2.5 Japan 01/24/06 10 35, 70 ALOS 2.5 Singapore 04/16/08 10 50 X-Sat Thailand 06/30/07 15 22, 90 THOES 2.0 Japan/US 12/15/99 15 60 TERRA (ASTER VNIR) ESA 10/22/01 18 14 Proba 8.0 China/Brazil 05/01/08 20 60, 120 CBERS-3 5.0 China/Brazil 07/01/10 20 60, 120 CBERS-4 5.0 Russia 08/26/05 8.0 20 94, 160 MONITOR-E -1 France 01/22/90 20 120 SPOT-2 10.0

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France 05/04/02 10 120 SPOT-5 2.5 Japan 01/24/06 10 35, 70 ALOS 2.5 Singapore 04/16/08 10 50 X-Sat Thailand 06/30/07 15 22, 90 THOES 2.0 Japan/US 12/15/99 15 60 TERRA (ASTER VNIR) ESA 10/22/01 18 14 Proba 8.0 China/Brazil 05/01/08 20 60, 120 CBERS-3 5.0 China/Brazil 07/01/10 20 60, 120 CBERS-4 5.0 Russia 08/26/05 8.0 20 94, 160 MONITOR-E -1 France 01/22/90 20 120 SPOT-2 10.0 France 03/24/98 20 120 SPOT-4 10.0 China/Brazil 10/21/03 20 113 CBERS-2 20.0 China/Brazil 06/15/07 20 113 CBERS-2B 20.0 US 03/12/00 20 12 MTI VNIR TO TIR India 12/28/95 23 70, 142 IRS 1C 6.0 India 09/29/97 23 70, 142 IRS 1D 6.0 India 10/17/03 23 140 IRS ResourceSat-1 LISS-III+ India 12/15/06 23 140 IRS ResourceSat-2 LISS-III+ Turkey 09/27/03 26 24, 52 DMC BilSat (SSTL) 12.0 LOW MEDIUM RESOLUTION (30 T0 56 METERS) US 11/21/00 30 37 EO-1 10.0 US 07/01/11 30 177 LDCM 10.0 US 04/15/99 30 185 Landsat 7 15.0 US 03/01/84 185 Landsat 5 30 Japan/US 12/15/99 30 60 TERRA (ASTER SWIR) China 10/27/05 32 600 Beijing-1 (SSTL) 4.0 Vietnam 11/01/06 32 600 VinSat-1 (SSTL) 4.0 Algeria 11/28/02 32 600 DMC AlSat-1 (SSTL) Nigeria 09/27/03 32 600 DMC NigeriaSat-1 (SSTL) UK 09/27/03 32 600 DMC UK (SSTL) Thailand 12/01/04 36 600 ThaiPhat (SSTL) India 10/17/03 56 740 IRS ResourceSat-1 AWIFS India 12/15/06 56 740 IRS ResourceSat-2 AWIFS 10 Commercial * Near Equatorial Orbit Revised 7/6/06 Radar 209

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OPTICAL LAND IMAGING SATELLITES BY SWATH 210 LIMITED ANNUAL TOTAL GLOBAL COVERAGE CAPABILITY MS RES. M SWATH KM SATELLITE COUNTRY LAUNCH PAN RES. M Israel 04/25/06 7 EROS B1 0.7 US 06/26/03 4 8 OrbView 3 1.0 India 08/15/06 10 IRS Cartosat 2 1.0 UK 10/27/05 10 TopSat (SSTL) PAN 2.5 US 09/24/99 4 11 IKONOS-2 1.0 US 03/12/00 5, 20 12 MTI Israel 12/05/00 14 EROS A1 1.8 ESA 10/22/01 18, 36 14 Proba 8.0 Korea 07/28/06 4 15 KOMPSAT-2 1.0 UK 10/27/05 5 15 TopSat (SSTL) MS US 03/16/07 0.41 1.64 15 GeoEye-1 US 07/01/07 16 WorldView -1 0.5 US 07/01/08 1.8 16 WorldView -2 0.5 US 10/18/01 2.5 16 QuickBird-2 0.6 Israel 03/21/08 2.5 16 EROS C 0.7 Korea 12/20/99 17 KOMPSAT-1 6.6 France 07/01/08 2.8 20 Pleiades-1 0.7 France 07/01/09 2.8 20 Pleiades-2 0.7 Thailand 06/30/07 22 THOES PAN 2.0 India 10/17/03 24 IRS ResourceSat-1 LISS-IV 6.0 India 12/15/08 24 IRS ResourceSat-2 LISS-IV 6.0 Taiwan 04/20/04 8 24 FormoSat (RocSat2) 2.0 Turkey 09/27/03 24 DMC BilSat (SSTL) PAN 12.0 Russia 06/15/06 3 28 Resurs DK-1 (01-N5) 1.0 India 05/04/05 30 IRS Cartosat 1 2.5 Japan 01/24/06 35 ALOS PAN 2.5 US 11/21/00 30 37 EO-1 10.0 Singapore 04/16/08 10 50 X-Sat Turkey 09/27/03 26 52 DMC BilSat (SSTL) MS China/Brazil 05/01/08 60 CBERS-3 PAN 5.0 China/Brazil 07/01/10 60 CBERS-4 PAN 5.0 Japan/US 12/15/99 15, 30, 90 60 TERRA (ASTER) India 10/17/03 70 IRS ResourceSat-1 LISS-IV 6.0 India 12/15/08 70 IRS ResourceSat-2 LISS-IV 6.0 Japan 01/24/06 10 70 ALOS MS India 12/28/95 70 IRS 1C PAN 6.0 India 09/29/97 70 IRS 1D PAN 6.0

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US 11/21/00 30 37 EO-1 10.0 Singapore 04/16/08 10 50 X-Sat Turkey 09/27/03 26 52 DMC BilSat (SSTL) MS China/Brazil 05/01/08 60 CBERS-3 PAN 5.0 China/Brazil 07/01/10 60 CBERS-4 PAN 5.0 Japan/US 12/15/99 15, 30, 90 60 TERRA (ASTER) India 10/17/03 70 IRS ResourceSat-1 LISS-IV 6.0 India 12/15/08 70 IRS ResourceSat-2 LISS-IV 6.0 Japan 01/24/06 10 70 ALOS MS India 12/28/95 70 IRS 1C PAN 6.0 India 09/29/97 70 IRS 1D PAN 6.0 Thailand 06/30/07 15 90 THOES MS Russia 08/26/05 8.0 94 MONITOR-E -1 PAN POTENTIAL FOR MULTIPLE MS CLOUD-FREE GLOBAL DATA SETS PER YEAR China/Brazil 10/21/03 20 113 CBERS-2 20.0 China/Brazil 06/15/07 20 113 CBERS-2B 20.0 France 05/04/02 10 120 SPOT-5 2.5 China/Brazil 05/01/08 20 120 CBERS-3 MS China/Brazil 07/01/10 20 120 CBERS-4 MS France 01/22/90 20 120 SPOT-2 10.0 France 03/24/98 20 120 SPOT-4 10.0 India 10/17/03 23 140 IRS ResourceSat-1 LISS-III+ India 12/15/08 23 140 IRS ResourceSat-2 LISS-III+ India 12/28/95 23 142 IRS 1C MS India 09/29/97 23 142 IRS 1D MS Russia 08/26/05 20 160 MONITOR-E -1 MS US 07/01/11 30 177 LDCM 10.0 US 04/15/99 30 185 Landsat 7 15.0 US 03/01/84 185 Landsat 5 30 Germany 06/01/07 6.5 390 RapidEye-A,B,C,D,E China 10/27/05 32 600 Beijing-1 (SSTL) 4.0 Vietnam 11/01/06 32 600 VinSat-1 (SSTL) 4.0 Algeria 11/28/02 32 600 DMC AlSat-1 (SSTL) Thailand 12/01/04 36 600 ThaiPhat (SSTL) Nigeria 09/27/03 32 600 DMC NigeriaSat-1 (SSTL) UK 09/27/03 32 600 DMC UK (SSTL) India 10/17/03 56 740 IRS ResourceSat-1 AWIFS India 12/15/08 56 740 IRS ResourceSat-2 AWIFS Commercial * Near Equatorial Orbit Revised 7/6/06 Radar 211 11

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212 MaRITIMe SeCURITY PaRTNeRSHIPS NUMBER OF OPTICAL SATELLITES IN ORBIT AT YEAR'S END 45 Malyasia Spain 40 S Africa Singapore 35 Thailand ESA 30 Taiwan Russia Japan 25 Algeria Korea 20 Israel Germany 15 France India 10 China & China/Brazil SSTL (Algeria, Nigeria, China, Spain, Turkey, UK) 5 US Com. US Gov. 0 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 YEAR SOURCE: William E. Stoney, Mitretek Systems. 2007. “The Evolving World of Land Imaging Satellites: A GEOSS Opportunity,” presented to the GEOSS [Global Earth Observation System of Systems] Challenges and Opportunities Session at the IEEE IGARSS [International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium], Barcelona, Spain, September 23. Noblis, Inc. ©2007. Reprinted with permission. Figure E-6, editable, color R01141

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213 aPPeNDIX e NUMBER OF RADAR SATELLITES IN ORBIT AT YEAR'S END 25 S Korea India 20 Japan Argentina 15 China 10 Germany Italy 5 ESA Canada 0 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 YEAR SOURCE: William E. Stoney, Mitretek Systems. 2007. “The Evolving World of Land Imaging Satellites: A GEOSS Opportunity,” presented to the GEOSS [Global Earth Observation System of Systems] Challenges and Opportunities Session at the IEEE IGARSS [International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium], Barcelona, Spain, September 23. Noblis, Inc. ©2007. Reprinted with permission. Figure E-7, editable, color R01141