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Committee and Staff Biographies

John H. Moxley III (IOM) is the retired managing director of the North American Health Care Division, Korn/Ferry International. His areas of expertise include training, costs, and manpower issues; federal government agency administration; military medical issues; and chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear detection. He has held a number of senior positions in academia, government, and industry, including dean of both the University of Maryland and the University of California, San Diego, Medical Schools; assistant secretary of defense for health affairs; and senior vice president at American Medical International. Dr. Moxley has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including the American Hospital Association Board of Trustees, California Medical Association, American Medical Association, National Fund for Medical Education, and the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine. He was chair of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces and served on the NRC Board on Army Science and Technology. Dr. Moxley is a member of the Institute of Medicine and the Naval Studies Board.


Cindy Williams is a principal research scientist of the Security Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her areas of expertise include national security budgetary issues and reform of military personnel and pay policies. She has served as assistant director for national security at the Congressional Budget Office, where she led the National Security Division in studies of budgetary and policy choices related to defense and international security. She has also served as a director and in other capacities at the MITRE Corporation in Bedford, Massachusetts; as a member of the senior executive service in the Office of the Secretary



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A Committee and Staff Biographies John H. Moxley III (IOM) is the retired managing director of the North Ameri- can Health Care Division, Korn/Ferry International. His areas of expertise include training, costs, and manpower issues; federal government agency administration; military medical issues; and chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear detec- tion. He has held a number of senior positions in academia, government, and industry, including dean of both the University of Maryland and the University of California, San Diego, Medical Schools; assistant secretary of defense for health affairs; and senior vice president at American Medical International. Dr. Moxley has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including the American Hospital Association Board of Trustees, California Medical Associa- tion, American Medical Association, National Fund for Medical Education, and the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine. He was chair of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces and served on the NRC Board on Army Science and Technology. Dr. Moxley is a member of the Institute of Medi- cine and the Naval Studies Board. Cindy Williams is a principal research scientist of the Security Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her areas of expertise include national security budgetary issues and reform of military personnel and pay policies. She has served as assistant director for national security at the Congressional Budget Office, where she led the National Security Division in studies of budgetary and policy choices related to defense and international security. She has also served as a director and in other capacities at the MITRE Corporation in Bedford, Massa- chusetts; as a member of the senior executive service in the Office of the Secretary 137

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13 MANPOWER AND PERSONNEL NEEDS FOR A TRANSFORMED NAVAL FORCE of Defense at the Pentagon; and as a mathematician at the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California. She is the editor and one of several authors of Filling the Ranks: Transforming the U.S. Military Personnel System, a book published in 2004 about military personnel policy choices for the future and the coeditor of Serice to Country:Personnel Policy and the Transformation of Western Militar- ies, a book published in 2007 about military personnel policy choices in North America and Europe. Dr. Williams is a member of the Naval Studies Board. Beth J. Asch is a senior economist at the National Security Research Institute at the RAND Corporation. Her areas of expertise include personnel economics and defense manpower. Her research focuses on empirical analyses of recruiting and retention policies and estimating models of effects of alternative pay and retirement systems on recruiting, retention, ability sorting, and productivity of personnel in the armed services. She recently served on the staff of the Defense Advisory Committee on Military Compensation and has served as a member of the working group of the seventh and the ninth Quadrennial Reviews of Military Compensation. She also served as a visiting faculty member at the University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Economics and as an associate econo- mist at the CNA Corporation. Dr. Asch is a current faculty member at the Pardee RAND Graduate School. James N. Baron is the William S. Beinecke Professor of Management at the Yale School of Management. His areas of expertise include human resources; orga- nizational design and behavior; social stratification and inequality; work, labor markets, and careers; and economic sociology. He codirected the Stanford Project on Emerging Companies, a large-scale study of the organizational design, human resource management practices, and financial and nonfinancial performance of entrepreneurial firms in Silicon Valley. Dr. Baron served as a member of the NRC Committee on Strategic Education Research Plan: Bridging Research and Practice and the NRC Committee on Performance Appraisal. Owen R. Cote Jr. is associate director of the MIT Security Studies Program. He has a broad base of expertise, as both a political scientist and a technologist. He has served as assistant director of the International Security Program at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He is coeditor of the journal International Security. His most recent book is The Third Battle of the Atlantic, a history of how the U.S. Navy performed antisubmarine warfare during the Cold War. Dr. Cote is presently working on a book that compares competing theories of the sources of innovation in military doctrine. Lee F. gunn retired from the U.S. Navy with the rank of vice admiral after 35 years of service and is currently president of the Institute of Public Research at the Center for Naval Analyses Corporation. His background is in surface warfare as

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139 APPENDIX A well as in manpower, personnel, and training issues. He commanded the USS Bar- bey (FF 1088), Destroyer Squadron 31, and Amphibious Group 3. He has served as deputy chief of naval personnel, and commander, Navy Personnel Command, during which time he played a key role in redesigning the Navy’s manpower and personnel establishment. In particular, he instituted the Navy’s operational cost management training and evaluation program, and reconfigured the Navy’s major command management inspection process to teach and evaluate cost management. Admiral Gunn also served as inspector general of the Department of the Navy and was responsible for the department’s overall inspection program and its assess- ments of readiness, training, and quality of service. James L. Herdt retired from the U.S. Navy with the rank of master chief petty officer of the Navy and is currently chief executive officer and president of Herdt Consulting, Inc. His consulting firm specializes in human resources management, organizational design and behavior, change management, and institutional learn- ing and training. His background is in naval operations both ashore and afloat, including human resources management and training. In his last position he served as the ninth master chief petty officer of the Navy (the senior-most enlisted per- son in the Navy) where his responsibilities included leading program and policy development for the enlisted force. Barry M. Horowitz (NAE) is professor of systems engineering at the Univer- sity of Virginia. His areas of expertise include the design and development of large-scale networks and information systems; application of security technol- ogy to large, network-based commercial systems; and design of large systems that involve coupling private data systems or mission critical support systems with open networks, such as the Internet. He has served as chairman and founder of Concept Five Technologies and as president and chief executive officer of the MITRE Corporation and of Mitretek Systems. He has served on numerous scientific boards and advisory committees, including as a member of the NRC Committee on C4ISR for Future Naval Strike Groups, and he is a new member of the Naval Studies Board. Dr. Horowitz is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Leon A. Johnson retired from the U.S. Air Force Reserves with the rank of brigadier general after 33 years of service and is currently a manager for United Parcel Service (UPS) flight operations. He has served as the employment manager, employee services manager, chief pilot, employee relations manager, and training manager during his 17 years with UPS flight operations. During his Air Force career, he served as the mobilization assistant to the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Manpower and Reserve Affairs. In that role he advised senior Air Force leadership on outreach, marketing, retention, and recruiting initiatives. He also served as the chair of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) Human Resources

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140 MANPOWER AND PERSONNEL NEEDS FOR A TRANSFORMED NAVAL FORCE Development Council (HRDC). As the chair of the HRDC General Johnson was the principal staff officer responsible for formulating and administering, in concert with other Air Force Reserve Staff agencies, policies and programs for and affect- ing AFRC people programs, including outreach and retention initiatives. General Johnson is a member of several organizations, including the Air Force Association, Reserve Officers Association, League of United Latin American Citizens, Women in Aviation, and the International Black Aerospace Council, Inc. John B. (Brad) Mooney Jr. (NAE) retired from the U.S. Navy with the rank of rear admiral after 34 years of service and is currently an independent consultant in areas relating to ocean engineering and research. His background is in military operations, management, research, education, training, and manpower planning. He has served as president of the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, chief of naval research, oceanographer for the Navy, and Navy deputy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. He also served as chair of the NRC Marine Board and as member of the NRC Committee on Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations. Admiral Mooney is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Judith H. Mopsik is vice president for business development at Abt Associates, Inc. Her areas of expertise include health policy and management; survey instru- ments and simulations; the veterans system evaluation; and research portfolios at the Department of Defense, Department of Veterans Affairs, and agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services. She has also served as vice president for software applications and biomedical computing at the Computer Sciences Corporation, where her work included systems design and implementa- tion of surveillance and analytic systems for the National Cancer Institute, devel- opment of the computation systems of the consumer expenditure survey for the 1987 consumer price index revision, and project management for the large-scale integrated postsecondary education data systems. Previously, Ms. Mopsik served as executive director for strategic market planning at Bell Atlantic. John E. Rhodes retired from the U.S. Marine Corps with the rank of lieutenant general after 34 years of service and is currently an independent consultant. His background is in development of warfighting concepts and in the integration of all aspects of doctrine, organization, training and education, equipment, and support and facilities to enable the Marine Corps to field combat-ready forces. In his last position he served as commanding general of the U.S. Marine Corps Combat Development Command, where his responsibilities included assessments of current and future operating environments and adaptation of the Corps’ training infrastructure and resources in order to ensure that integrated capabilities were delivered to the combatant commanders. General Rhodes has served on numerous

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141 APPENDIX A scientific advisory committees, including as a member of the NRC Committee on the Role of Experimentation in Building Future Naval Forces. Nancy T. Tippins is managing principal and senior vice president of Valtera Cor- poration (formerly Personnel Research Associates). Her areas of expertise include personnel research; strategies associated with employee selection, assessment, and development; equal employment opportunity and affirmative action; and industrial and organizational psychology. She has served as president of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology and is a fellow of the Society for Indus- trial and Organizational Psychology and the American Psychological Association. Dr. Tippins served as a member of the NRC Committee on Attitudes, Aptitudes, and Aspirations of American Youth: Implications for Military Recruitment. James L. Wolbarsht, president and chief executive officer of DEFCON, Incor- porated, has more than 30 years of experience in business strategy and operations in both the public and private sectors. The firm integrates organizational, opera- tional, and technology tools for commercial and federal clients, including the Department of Defense. Mr. Wolbarsht focuses on corporate strategies that create measurable results and on optimized business processes that lead to effective and lasting change in large, complex organizations. He is frequently cited in the media as a thought leader in the field of business transformation. As the chief financial officer and chief information officer of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, he was credited with “turning the once-troubled agency around.” He has served on multiple scientific boards and committees, including the Pentagon’s Ballistic Missile Defense Advisory Committee and the Director’s External Review Team at the U.S. National Security Agency. He is a current member of the Naval Research Advisory Committee, the U.S. Naval Services’ senior scientific advisory board. Staff Charles F. Draper is director of the NRC’s Naval Studies Board. Before joining the NRC in 1997, Dr. Draper was the lead mechanical engineer at S.T. Research Corporation, where he provided technical and program management support for satellite Earth station and small satellite design. He received his Ph.D. in mechani- cal engineering from Vanderbilt University in 1995; his doctoral research was conducted at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), where he used an atomic- force microscope to measure the nanomechanical properties of thin-film materials. In parallel with his graduate student duties, Dr. Draper was a mechanical engi- neer with Geo-Centers, Inc., working on-site at NRL on the development of an underwater X-ray backscattering tomography system used for the nondestructive evaluation of U.S. Navy sonar domes on surface ships.

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142 MANPOWER AND PERSONNEL NEEDS FOR A TRANSFORMED NAVAL FORCE Arul Mozhi is senior program officer at the NRC’s Naval Studies Board. He also served as senior program officer at the NRC Board on Manufacturing and Engi- neering Design and the National Materials Advisory Board. Prior to joining the NRC in 1999, Dr. Mozhi was senior scientist and program manager at UTRON, Inc., a high-tech company in the Washington, D.C., area, working on pulsed electrical and chemical energy technologies applied to materials processing. From 1989 to 1996 Dr. Mozhi was a senior engineer and task leader at Roy F. Weston, Inc., a leading environmental consulting company working on long-term nuclear materials behavior and systems engineering related to nuclear waste transport, storage, and disposal in support of the U.S. Department of Energy. Before 1989 he was a materials scientist at Marko Materials, Inc., a high-tech firm in the Bos- ton area, working on rapidly solidified materials. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees (the latter in 1986) in materials engineering from Ohio State University and then served as a postdoctoral research associate there. He received his B.S. in metallurgical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in 1982.