Spektor, D.M., M. Lippmann, P.J. Lioy, G.D. Thurston, K. Citak, D.J. James, N. Bock, F.E. Speizer, and C. Hayes. 1988a. Effects of ambient ozone on respiratory function in active, normal children. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 137(2):313-320.

Spektor, D.M., M. Lippmann, G.D. Thurston, P.J. Lioy, J. Stecko, G. O'Connor, E. Garshick, F.E. Speizer, and C. Hayes. 1988b. Effects of ambient ozone on respiratory function in healthy adults exercising outdoors. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 138(4):821-828.

Stockstill, B.L., L.Y. Chang, M.G. Menache, P.W. Mellick, R.R. Mercer, and J.D. Crapo. 1995. Bronchiolarized metaplasia and interstitial fibrosis in rat lungs chronically exposed to high ambient levels of ozone. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 134(2):251-63.

Torres, A., M.J. Utell, P.E. Morow, K.Z. Voter, J.C. Whitin, C. Cox, R.J. Looney, D.M. Speers, Y. Tsai, and M.W. Frampton. 1997. Airway inflammation in smokers and nonsmokers with varying responsiveness to ozone. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 156(3 Pt 1):728-736.

Tyler, W.S. 1983. Comparative subgross anatomy of lungs. Pleuras, interlobular septa, and distal airways. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 128(2 Pt. 2):S32-S36.

Tyler, W.S., N.K. Tyler, J.A. Last, M.J. Gillespie, and T.J. Barstow. 1988. Comparison of daily and seasonal exposures of young monkeys to ozone. Toxicology 50(2):131-144.

Ultman, J.S., A. Ben-Jebria, and S.F. Arnold. 2004. Uptake Distribution of Ozone in Human Lungs: Intersubject Variability in Physiologic Response. Research Report No. 125. Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA.

van Bree, L., J.A. Dormans, H.S. Koren, R.B. Devlin, and P.J. Rombout. 2002. Attenuation and recovery of pulmonary injury in rats following short-term, repeated daily exposure to ozone. Inhal. Toxicol. 14(8):883-900.

Van Loveren, H., P.J. Rombout, S.S. Wagenaar, H.C. Walvoort, and J.G. Vos. 1988. Effects of ozone on the defense to a respiratory Listeria monocytogenes infection in the rat. Suppression of macrophage function and cellular immunity and aggravation of histopathology in lung and liver during infection. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 94(3):374-393.

Victorin, K. 1996. Genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of ozone. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health 22(Suppl. 3):42-51.

Waters, M. 2001. Cabin Air Quality Exposure Assessment Presented to the NRC Committee on Air Quality in Passenger Cabins of Commercial Aircraft, January 3, 2001, Washington, DC.

White, M.C., R.A. Etzel, W.D. Wilcox, and C. Lloyd. 1994. Exacerbations of childhood asthma and ozone pollution in Atlanta. Environ. Res. 65(1):56-68.

Witschi, H., M.A. Breider, and H.M. Schuller. 1993. Failure of Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide to Enhance Lung Tumor Development in Hamsters. Research Report No. 60. Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA.

Wojtowicz, J.A. 1996. Ozone. Pp. 953-994 in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 4th Ed., Vol. 17. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Zhou, Z.J., Z.S. Zhou, and B.Z. Tang. 2006. General reproductive toxicity assessment in mice exposed to low-level ozone [in Chinese, abstract in English]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 31(3):450-452.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement