on resource assessment, evaluations, and project development for properties in the United States, Mexico, and South America. From November 1997 to 2003, she was the vice president of exploration and business development for NCGI, a private mining company. With more than 26 years of experience in mineral development activities worldwide, her work focuses on resource calculations; engineering evaluations and studies; permitting requirements; and regulatory, legislative, and policy evaluations regarding mineral development here in the United States and overseas. She is president of the Northwest Mining Association; past president and current adviser of the Women’s Mining Coalition; and foundation chairman and past officer of the Geological Society of Nevada. Ann is also an active member of the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration (SME), Mining and Metallurgical Society of America (MMSA), and Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada (PDAC). She has testified before the U.S. Congress on matters regarding domestic mineral resource potential and development, permitting, mineral policy, and sustainable development. She earned her B.S. in geology from Montana State University in 1980, and completed advanced geologic studies at Mackay School of Mines in Reno, Nevada, from 1981 to 1983.

STEPHEN W. FREIMAN left the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in 2006 to start a consulting business (Freiman Consulting Inc.). He had been at NIST since 1978 (at that time called the National Bureau of Standards) where he worked primarily on the fracture of brittle materials. From 1992 to 2002, Dr. Freiman served as Chief of the Ceramics Division at NIST, and from 2002 to 2006 he served as deputy director of the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory (MSEL). Dr. Freiman has published more than 150 papers focusing on the mechanical properties of brittle materials. He was the first chairman of the ASTM Subcommittee addressing brittle fracture and a past chair of the Versailles Project on Advanced Materials and Standards (VAMAS) steering committee. He is a fellow and a past president of the American Ceramic Society. Dr. Freiman graduated from the Georgia Institute of Technology with a

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