Forcings and chaos in interannual to decadal climate change. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, 102: 25,679-625,720.

Joshi, M., Shine, K., Ponater, M., Stuber, N., Sausen, R., and Li, L., 2003: A comparison of climate response to different radiative forcings in three general circulation models: Towards an improved metric of climate change. Climate Dynamics, 20: 843-854.

Mickley, L. J., Jacob, D. J., Field, B. D., and Rind, D., 2004: Climate response to the increase in tropospheric ozone since preindustrial times: A comparison between ozone and equivalent CO2 forcings. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, 109: D05106 05101-05113.

Naik, V., Mauzerall, D., Horowitz, L., Schwarzkopf, M. D., Ramaswamy, V., and Oppenheimer, M., 2005: Net radiative forcing due to changes in regional emissions of tropospheric ozone precursors. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, 110: 1-14.

Ramaswamy, V. and Bowen, M. M., 1994: Effect of changes in radiatively active species upon the lower stratospheric temperatures. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99:18,909-918,921.

Wigley, T. M. L., Smith, S. J., and Prather, M. J., 2002: Radiative forcing due to reactive gas emissions. Journal of Climate, 15: 2690-2696.

Wigley, T. M. L., Ammann, C. M., Santer, B. D., and Raper, S. C. B., 2005: Effect of climate sensitivity on the response to volcanic forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, 110: 1-8.

Wild, M., Ohmura, A., Gilgen, H., Morcrette, J. J., and Slingo, A., 2001: Evaluation of downward longwave radiation in general circulation models. Journal of Climate, 14: 3227-3239.

Wild, O., Modelling the global tropospheric ozone budget: Exploring the variability in current models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2643–2660, 2007.

Williams, M., Rastetter, E. B., Shaver, G. R., Hobbie, J. E., Carpino, E., and Kwiatkowski, B. L., 2001: Primary production of an arctic watershed: An uncertainty analysis. Ecological Applications, 11: 1800-1816.

Wu, S., Mickley, L .J., Jacob, D. J., Logan, J. A., Yantosca, R. M., and Rind, D., 2007: Why are there large differences between models in global budgets of tropospheric ozone?, J. Geophys. Res., 112: D05302, doi:10.1029/2006JD007801.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement