• human laboratory studies,

  • mechanisms, and

  • animal and cell biology.

A sixth session, which was held on the morning of the third day of the workshop, introduced overarching issues and solicited research needs and gaps from workshop speakers and other interested parties.

The organizing committee invited experts from 9 countries (Appendix D) to speak on research needs and gaps relating to potential biological or adverse health effects of wireless communications devices. Written contributions relating to research needs and gaps were also solicited for consideration prior to and at the workshop (individuals who submitted written contributions are listed in Appendix E).

The report contains the committee’s evaluation of the workshop presentation and discussion sessions followed by the committee’s identification of research needs and gaps.


For the purposes of this report, the committee defines “research needs” as research that will increase our understanding of the potential adverse effects of RF energy on humans. “Research gaps” are defined as areas of research where the committee judges that scientific data that have potential value are presently lacking, but that closing of these gaps is ongoing, and results should be awaited before judgments are made on further research needs, or the gaps are not judged by the committee to be of as high a priority at this time.

To the extent possible, near-, mid-, and long-term research opportunities have been characterized as follows: the committee judged that “research needs” are near-term research opportunities. “Research gaps” that are currently being filled may result in mid-term research opportunities, depending on the outcome of the current research. “Research gaps” defined as being of lower priority with respect to directly addressing health concerns comprise possible long-term research opportunities.

Abbreviated versions of committee judgments on research needs and gaps are organized below in the Summary in order of the five sessions that comprised the first two days of the workshop. The reader is referred to the text of the report for details on research needs and gaps.

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