IN PREPARING THIS MEMOIR I was aided by information contained in an obituary14 written by William Howells and Nancy Movius given to me by its authors, a memorial minute15 prepared by Gordon Willey and others for Harvard’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, a copy of a curriculum vitae prepared by Movius early in his career and supplied to me by Willey, Web-based information on the Movius papers in the Peabody Museum Archives,16 and by conversations with Nancy Movius. I am very grateful for this invaluable assistance.



1. The Palaeolithic or Old Stone Age is a cultural stage recognized by archaeologists. It began about 2.5 million years ago and ended about 10,000 years ago. With this temporal span, the Palaeolithic extended from the end of the Pliocene Epoch to the end of the Pleistocene Epoch of the geologic time scale. The Palaeolithic was followed in some parts of the eastern hemisphere or Old World by a Mesolithic stage, which began at the end of the Pleistocene or Ice Age and ended a few millennia later when farming, the defining characteristic of the Neolithic stage, began in the area in question.


2. Skhul V: background. No date. Available at Accessed December 3, 2005.


3. H. de Terra. Preliminary report on recent geological and archaeological discoveries relating to early man in Southeast Asia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 24(1938):407-413.


4. For example, Y. Hou, R. Potts, B. Yuan, Z. Guo, A. Deino, W. Wang, J. Clark, G. Xie, and W. Huang. Mid-Pleistocene Acheulean-like stone technology of the Bose Basin, south China. Science 287(2000):1622-1626.


5. Legion of merit. No date. Available at Accessed December 18, 2005.


6. For example, R. Desbrosse. Les civilisations du Paléolithique supérieur dans le Jura méridional et dans les Alpes du Nord. In La Préhistoire Française, vol. 1, ed. H. de Lumley, pp. 1196-1213. Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1976.


7. J. Sackett. Quantitative analysis of Upper Paleolithic stone tools. Am. Anthropol. 68(no. 2, pt. 2)(1966):356-394.


8. A. Spaulding. Statistical techniques for the discovery of artifact types. Am. Antiquity 18(1953):305-313.

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