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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 89
February 9, 1913–July 7, 1976
BY ROBERT L. SINSHEIMER
JEROME VINOGRAD WAS BORN ON February 9, 1913, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. His academic career began with a series of two-year programs at the University of Minnesota (1929-1931), University of Berlin (1931-1933), and the University College, London (1933-1935). He then studied at the University of California, Los Angeles, receiving an M.S. in 1937 and then at Stanford, receiving a Ph.D. in 1940 in physical and colloid chemistry. His work at Stanford resulted in five publications concerning the use of detergents to solubilize otherwise insoluble dyes, among other topics.
In 1937 he married Sherna Shalett. They had two daughters, Julie and Deborah. He was subsequently divorced and in 1975 married Dorothy Colodny.
During 1941-1951, Vinograd worked for the Shell Development Company on the use of emulsion polymerization to produce synthetic rubber and on problems of catalysis to manufacture aviation gasoline. In 1951 he moved to the Department of Chemistry at the California Institute of Technology, first as a senior research fellow, then in 1956 as a research associate, and in 1966 as a professor of chemistry and biology.
Professor Vinograd was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1968. He received the Kendall Award