B

Committee Biographical Information

M. Granger Morgan (NAS), Chair, is the Lord Chair Professor in Engineering; a professor and the department head, Engineering and Public Policy; a professor in electrical and computer engineering; and a professor in the H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). Dr. Morgan’s research interests are focused on policy problems in which technical and scientific issues play a central role. Methodological interests include problems in the integrated analysis of large complex systems; problems in the characterization and treatment of uncertainty; problems in the improvement of regulation; and selected issues in risk analysis and risk communication. Application areas of current interest include global climate change; the future of the energy system, especially electric power; risk analysis, including risk ranking; health and environmental impacts of energy systems; security aspects of engineered civil systems; national R&D policy; radio interference on commercial airliners; issues of privacy and anonymity; and a number of general policy, management, and manpower problems involving science and technology. Most of Dr. Morgan’s professional career has been spent at CMU with short stints at Brookhaven National Laboratory, the National Science Foundation, and University of California, San Diego. His professional activities include a large number of publications, memberships on numerous panels, including the EPA Science Advisory Board and the EPRI Advisory Board, both of which he chairs, and NRC committee work. Dr. Morgan is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He has a B.A. in physics from Harvard University, an M.S. in astronomy and space science from Cornell University, and a Ph.D. in applied physics and information science from the University of California at San Diego.

Massoud Amin is a professor of electrical and computer engineering, holds the H.W. Sweatt Chair in Technological Leadership, and is the director of the Center for the Development of Technological Leadership at the University of Minnesota in the Twin Cities. His research focuses on global transition dynamics to enhance the resilience and security of national critical infrastructures. Prior to joining the University of Minnesota in March 2003, for 5 years Dr. Amin held positions of increasing responsibility, including area manager of infrastructure security, grid operations/planning, and energy markets at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in Palo Alto, California. In the aftermath of the tragic events of 9/11, he directed all security-related research and development at EPRI, including the Infrastructure Security Initiative (ISI) and Enterprise Information Security (EIS). Prior to October 2001, he served as manager of mathematics and information science at EPRI, where he led strategic research in modeling, simulation, optimization, and adaptive control of national infrastructures for energy, telecommunication, transportation, and finance. Dr. Amin is the author or co-author of more than 120 research papers, is the editor of seven collections of manuscripts, and serves on the editorial boards of four academic journals. Dr. Amin holds B.S. (cum laude) and M.S. degrees in electrical and computer engineering from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, and M.S. and D.Sc. degrees in systems science and mathematics from Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri.

Edward V. Badolato was president and CEO of Integrated Infrastructure Analytics Inc. Previously, he was executive vice president for homeland security of the Shaw Group. Prior to that, Mr. Badolato was president of Contingency Management Services Inc., a security, energy, and environmental emergency-consulting firm. He has spent much time in these positions assessing the vulnerability of a variety of energy infrastructure facilities and assets. He served for 4 years at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Emergencies and International Affairs, where he was principal director of international energy affairs, energy contingency planning, crisis management, and security matters. During that period, he was the principal architect of the federal government’s nuclear weapons security programs as well as its conven-



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B Committee Biographical Information M. Granger Morgan (NAS), Chair, is the Lord Chair Pro- transition dynamics to enhance the resilience and security fessor in Engineering; a professor and the department head, of national critical infrastructures. Prior to joining the Uni- Engineering and Public Policy; a professor in electrical and versity of Minnesota in March 2003, for 5 years Dr. Amin computer engineering; and a professor in the H. John Heinz held positions of increasing responsibility, including area III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie manager of infrastructure security, grid operations/planning, Mellon University (CMU). Dr. Morgan's research interests and energy markets at the Electric Power Research Institute are focused on policy problems in which technical and sci- (EPRI) in Palo Alto, California. In the aftermath of the tragic entific issues play a central role. Methodological interests events of 9/11, he directed all security-related research and include problems in the integrated analysis of large complex development at EPRI, including the Infrastructure Security systems; problems in the characterization and treatment of Initiative (ISI) and Enterprise Information Security (EIS). uncertainty; problems in the improvement of regulation; Prior to October 2001, he served as manager of mathemat- and selected issues in risk analysis and risk communication. ics and information science at EPRI, where he led strategic Application areas of current interest include global climate research in modeling, simulation, optimization, and adaptive change; the future of the energy system, especially electric control of national infrastructures for energy, telecommuni- power; risk analysis, including risk ranking; health and cation, transportation, and finance. Dr. Amin is the author or environmental impacts of energy systems; security aspects co-author of more than 120 research papers, is the editor of of engineered civil systems; national R&D policy; radio seven collections of manuscripts, and serves on the editorial interference on commercial airliners; issues of privacy and boards of four academic journals. Dr. Amin holds B.S. (cum anonymity; and a number of general policy, management, laude) and M.S. degrees in electrical and computer engineer- and manpower problems involving science and technology. ing from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, and M.S. Most of Dr. Morgan's professional career has been spent at and D.Sc. degrees in systems science and mathematics from CMU with short stints at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. the National Science Foundation, and University of Califor- nia, San Diego. His professional activities include a large Edward V. Badolato was president and CEO of Integrated number of publications, memberships on numerous panels, Infrastructure Analytics Inc. Previously, he was executive including the EPA Science Advisory Board and the EPRI vice president for homeland security of the Shaw Group. Advisory Board, both of which he chairs, and NRC commit- Prior to that, Mr. Badolato was president of Contingency tee work. Dr. Morgan is a member of the National Academy Management Services Inc., a security, energy, and environ- of Sciences. He has a B.A. in physics from Harvard Univer- mental emergency-consulting firm. He has spent much time sity, an M.S. in astronomy and space science from Cornell in these positions assessing the vulnerability of a variety University, and a Ph.D. in applied physics and information of energy infrastructure facilities and assets. He served science from the University of California at San Diego. for 4 years at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Emergencies and Massoud Amin is a professor of electrical and computer International Affairs, where he was principal director of engineering, holds the H.W. Sweatt Chair in Technological international energy affairs, energy contingency planning, Leadership, and is the director of the Center for the Devel- crisis management, and security matters. During that period, opment of Technological Leadership at the University of he was the principal architect of the federal government's Minnesota in the Twin Cities. His research focuses on global nuclear weapons security programs as well as its conven- 119

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120 TERRORISM AND THE ELECTRIC POWER DELIVERY SYSTEM tional energy emergency preparedness activities. At DOE, cum laude graduate of Mississippi State University with a he was also in charge of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve bachelor's degree in electrical engineering. He also holds a and led the federal fact-finding team to Alaska to gather master's of business administration from the University of information on the Exxon Valdez oil spill for the President. Southern Mississippi. Mr. Ball is a registered professional While serving in the U.S. Marine Corps, he was a military engineer. attach to a number of Middle Eastern countries. He has also led a number of response teams to deal with oil/gas Anjan Bose (NAE) holds the endowed Distinguished Profes- production and pipeline accidents. He has published numer- sor of Electric Power Engineering in the College of Engineer- ous articles on energy and security and is a member of the ing and Architecture at Washington State University (WSU) Board of Advisors for the Association of Counterterrorism and is the director of the NSF-sponsored Power Systems and Security Professionals and the Institute of Gas Technol- Engineering Research Center. From 1998 until 2006, he ogy. He is a member of the Institute of International Energy was dean of the College of Engineering and Architecture, Economists and the American Society of Industrial Security. and from 1993 until 1998, he was director of the School of He is an adjunct faculty member at Georgetown University's Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Dr. Bose's Graduate Business School. research interests are in power grid control through computer technology. Prior to joining WSU, he was on the faculty of William O. Ball is senior vice president, transmission plan- Arizona State University and, before that, the Control Data ning and operations, Southern Company Services. In this Corporation. He is a member of the National Academy of role, Mr. Ball is responsible for the planning and operations Engineering, has received several awards from IEEE over the of the Southern electric systems network transmission grid, years, and is a member of several professional societies. He transmission policy, and industry interfaces. He is a board was appointed by the Governor of Washington to the board of member of the Southeastern Electric Reliability Council directors of the Washington Technology Center (and is now (SERC), a member of the North American Electric Reli- serving as vice-chair of the board), and by the U.S. Secretary ability Council (NERC) Stakeholders Committee, and of Energy to the committee to study the 1999 power black- a member of the Advisory Board of the Consortium for outs. He has consulted for many electric power companies Electric Reliability. Prior to his current appointment, Mr. and related government agencies throughout the world and Ball was vice president of transmission planning, policy, has extensive experience in the Western Interconnection of and support services with responsibility for transmission the United States. He has a Ph.D. in electrical engineering planning, policy, and industry interfaces, and business unit from Iowa State University. finance and accounting. From January 2001 to March 2002, Mr. Ball was vice president of technical support at Mirant Clark W. Gellings is vice president of innovation at the (formerly Southern Energy). In this role, his responsibilities Electric Power Research Institute. He has been at EPRI since included technical due diligence on business development 1982; prior to that he was with Public Service Electric and projects, providing transmission support and O&M support Gas Company in New Jersey. Mr. Gellings is both an electri- to the various business units, and establishing and imple- cal and a mechanical engineer with a strong background in menting safety and health policy at Mirant. From 1999 to the development of new products and services for the energy 2001, Mr. Ball held the position of director of technical industry, especially applied to the power industry. He has support at Southern Energy, where he was responsible for many accomplishments in developing systems for demand ensuring that proper technical due diligence was performed side management, optimal and cost-effective utility manage- on business development projects. From 1995 to 1999, he ment, and applying digital technology in the power sector in held the position of manager, system planning, with both order to gain efficiencies in generation, dispatching, and end generation and transmission planning responsibilities at use. He is a member of numerous professional associations Mississippi Power Company (MPC). Mr. Ball played a key and has received many prizes for his work over the years. He role in the development and certification of the MPC 1,100 has authored or co-authored more than 400 articles or papers MW combined cycle facility at Plant Daniel. He also served and 10 books. He has an M.S. in mechanical engineering as MPC's technical witness in numerous regulatory hearings from the New Jersey Institute of Technology, an M.S. in concerning retail access. Mr. Ball's earlier roles included a management science from Stevens Institute of Technology, position in the transmission planning department developing and a B.S. in electrical engineering from the Newark College transmission pricing methods, developing Southern's first of Engineering. open-access transmission tariffs, and providing transmission policy recommendations and negotiated transmission service Michehl R. Gent serves on several policy committees and contracts with third parties. He also worked on the develop- boards, including the United States Energy Association ment of Southern's Clean Air Act compliance strategy and board and the IEEE-USA Energy Policy Committee. For- has worked in the areas of distribution engineering, system merly, Mr. Gent was president and CEO of the North Ameri- planning, and bulk power contracts. Mr. Ball is a summa can Electric Reliability Council (NERC). He joined NERC

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APPENDIX B 121 in 1980 as executive vice president and was elected president Company Act (PUHCA), the Federal Power Act, cogen- in 1982. Prior to joining NERC, he was general manager of eration and independent power production, transmission the Florida Electric Power Coordinating Group--a voluntary access, and bulk power and transmission pricing. He also power pool for Florida's electric utilities. Before that, he held has responsibility for representing the industry in the areas several positions in both operations and planning at the Los of finance, rate making, regulation, accounting, and taxes. Angeles Department of Water & Power. He earned a BSEE Mr. Owens also served as vice president of power supply at Texas A&M and an MSEE at the University of Southern policy, overseeing work on a broad range of issues related California (USC). He has taught in the graduate schools of to power supply policy and the regulatory structure of the USC and Loyola and is a registered professional engineer. electric utility industry. He joined EEI in 1980 as director of rates and regulation. His responsibilities included coordinat- Diane Munns is executive director, Retail Energy Services, ing industry positions on rate-related matters before federal, Edison Electric Institute. Until January 2007, she served executive, and congressional committees. Prior to joining on the three-member Iowa Utilities Board following her EEI, Mr. Owens served as chief engineer of the Division of appointment in June 1999 after 15 years of service as a Corporate Regulation of the Securities and Exchange Com- regulatory attorney. She was chair of the board from October mission, a division responsible for regulating public utility 2001 until March 10, 2005; her current term as a member holding companies. Mr. Owens also was an engineer in the ends April 30, 2009. Ms. Munns assumed the presidency of Division of Rates and Corporate Regulation at the former the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commission- Federal Power Commission and worked as a design and a ers (NARUC) in mid-term 2005 for a term running through test engineer for General Electric and Philadelphia Electric 2006. She is a member of the Committee on Electricity and Companies, respectively. He is a member of the National of the Executive Committee and serves on the board of direc- Research Council's Board on Energy and Environmental tors. She is a past chair of the NARUC Committee on Finance Systems. Mr. Owens holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in engi- and Technology. She serves on the Advisory Council to the neering from Howard University and an M.S. in engineering board of directors of the Electric Power Research Institute, administration from George Washington University. is a member of the Advisory Council of the New Mexico State University Center for Public Utilities, and serves on the Louis L. Rana is president and chief operating officer of Energy Board of the Keystone Center of Science and Public Consolidated Edison Company of New York, a position to Policy. Ms. Munns is also co-chair of the Leadership Group which he was elected effective September 1, 2005. Mr. Rana for the Energy Efficiency Action Plan for the EPA. She has joined Con Edison in 1969 and has held positions of increas- served on the Executive Committee for the Organization of ing responsibility in electric operations, system operations, MISO States Inc. Ms. Munns received her bachelor's degree and engineering. From February 2003 until his election as from the University of Iowa and her law degree from Drake president, Mr. Rana was senior vice president of Electric University. Operations, with overall responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the company's electric system in New Sharon L. Nelson retired as chief of the Consumer Protec- York City and Westchester County. He was appointed chief tion Division of the Washington State Attorney General's engineer of Distribution Engineering in 1993. He served as Office in 2006. She also served as director of the Shidler Cen- general manager of Manhattan Electric Operations in 1997 ter for Law, Commerce, and Technology at the University and was general manager of System Operations during 1997 of Washington School of Law from 2000 to 2003, as chair and 1998. Mr. Rana was named vice president of System and of the Washington State Utilities and Transportation Com- Transmission Planning in 1998 and vice president of Man- mission from 1985 to 1997 and as president of the National hattan Electric Operations in 2000. Mr. Rana is a member of Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners from 1989 the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) to 1990. She serves on the boards of Consumers Union, and the Research Advisory Committee for the Electric Power Itron, and the North American Reliablity Corporation. She Research Institute. He received a B.S. in engineering from is a commissioner on the bipartisan National Commission on Stevens Institute of Technology, an M.S. in electrical engi- Energy Policy. She received her B.A. from Carleton College, neering from the New Jersey Institute of Technology, and an M.A.T. from the University of Chicago, and J.D. from the M.B.A. from Columbia University. Mr. Rana is a licensed University of Washington. professional engineer. David K. Owens is executive vice president, Business B. Don Russell Jr. (NAE) is Regents Professor in the Operations, Edison Electric Institute (EEI). Previously, Mr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Owens served as EEI senior vice president of finance, regula- Texas A&M University. His research interests are in electric tion, and power supply policy, focusing on enhancement of power engineering, power systems protection, control, and industry representation on such issues as the Public Utility computer automation. His policy interests are in energy Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA), Public Utility Holding systems and economics. He is also the director of the Texas

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122 TERRORISM AND THE ELECTRIC POWER DELIVERY SYSTEM A&M Power Systems Automation Laboratory. Prior to his ment of landmark energy legislation. He helped to develop current appointment, he held several key positions in the a critical part of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments and Texas A&M system, including associate vice chancellor for was a driving force behind the Energy Policy Act of 1992. engineering research, executive associate dean of the College Following his decision not to seek an 11th consecutive term of Engineering, and deputy director of the Texas Engineering in the House, Sharp joined Harvard's Kennedy School of Experiment Station. His industrial interests include the presi- Government, where he was a Lecturer in Public Policy from dency of Power Solutions, an engineering design firm. Dr. 1995 to 2001. He served as Director of Harvard's Institute of Russell has received a number of IEEE awards, including the Politics from 1995 to 1998 and again from 2004 until August Herman Halperin Transmission and Distribution Award, and 2005 and was a Senior Research Fellow in the Environmental he is a fellow of five professional societies. He is past presi- and Natural Resources Program from 2001 to 2003. Sharp dent of the IEEE Power Engineering Society. Dr. Russell is served on the Board of Directors of the Cinergy Corporation also a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He from 1995 to 2006 and on the Board of the Electric Power has B.S. and M.E. degrees in electrical engineering from Research Institute from 2002 to 2006. He also chaired advi- Texas A&M University and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering sory committees for the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- from the University of Oklahoma. ogy (MIT) studies on the future of nuclear power and the future of coal. Sharp is co-chair of the Energy Board of the Richard E. Schuler is a P.E. in electrical engineering and Keystone Center and serves on the Board of Directors of has been a professor of economics and of civil and environ- the Duke Energy Corporation and the Energy Foundation. mental engineering at Cornell University since 1972, where He is also a member of the Cummins Science and Technol- he has also been an adjunct professor in the Johnson Gradu- ogy Advisory Council and serves on the Advisory Board of ate School of Management since 1991. His research focuses the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) and on on the role of infrastructure in supporting modern societies, the External Advisory Board of the MIT Energy Initiative. including its organization, management, regulation, and Sharp received his Ph.D. in government from Georgetown pricing and its regional economic and environmental impact. University. Using both analytic and experimental techniques, he has worked extensively on developing efficient markets for reli- Carson W. Taylor (NAE) is a retired principal engineer for able, deregulated electricity supplies that incorporate proper the Bonneville Power Administration, where he had worked customer participation while encouraging needed invest- since 1969. His background and experience are in R&D of ment. Together with colleagues from the Santa Fe Institute, advanced control and operating strategies to increase trans- he is also using numerical methods to explore the optimal mission transfer capability and power systems reliability, structure of organizations in the information age. From 1995 and in training in modeling and simulation techniques. He to 2001, he directed the Institute for Public Affairs and Cor- has also been active in investigating power outages, system nell's MPA program, and he helped form and directed the stability, security issues, and other system anomalies. He is Cornell Waste Management Institute from 1987 to 1993, active in IEEE, has received several awards, and publishes during which time he was also associate director of Cor- books and articles on a variety of power systems subjects. nell's Center for the Environment. Previously, Dr. Schuler He is also active in training and education, passing on what served as a Public Service Commissioner in New York State he has learned through seminars and short courses. He is (19811983), as an energy consultant with Battelle Memo- a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He rial Institute (19671968), and as an engineer and manager has a B.S in electrical engineering from the University of with the Pennsylvania Power and Light Co. (19591967). He Wisconsin-Madison and an M.S. in electric power engineer- has served as a faculty-elected trustee of Cornell University ing from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. from 1994 to 1998, during which time the board appointed him to its executive committee, and, since its formation in Susan F. Tierney is a managing principal at Analysis Group 1998, he has been a member of the board of directors of and is an expert on energy policy and economics, especially the New York Independent System Operator (responsible in the electric and gas industries. Her areas of expertise for operating the state's electricity system reliably and con- include electric industry restructuring, market analyses, ducting an efficient wholesale market), where he chairs the wholesale and retail market design, market monitoring, Market Performance Committee. Dr. Schuler's degrees are a contract disputes, resource planning and analysis, asset B.E. in electrical engineering from Yale University in 1959, valuations, regional transmission organizations, the siting an M.B.A. in business from Lehigh University in 1969, and of generation and transmission and natural gas pipeline a Ph.D. in economics from Brown University in 1972. projects, natural gas markets, electric system reliability, and environmental policy and regulation. Prior to joining Philip R. Sharp is president of Resources for the Future. Analysis Group, she was senior vice president at Lexecon. A member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1975 She has also served as the assistant secretary for policy to 1995, Sharp took key leadership roles in the develop- at the U.S. Department of Energy, appointed by President

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APPENDIX B 123 Bill Clinton and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. She was Stability Assessment Using the Transient Energy Function also secretary for environmental affairs in Massachusetts Method with A.A. Fouad, and, in 1999, he co-authored the under Governor William Weld, and a commissioner at the textbook entitled Power System Analysis with A.R. Bergen. Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities, to which During 19931994 he was the program director of the Power she was appointed by Governor Michael Dukakis. She was Systems Program at the National Science Foundation. He executive director of the Massachusetts Energy Facilities has been the recipient of several awards, including several Siting Council. Dr. Tierney has authored numerous articles from the IEEE, and is a member of the National Academy and speaks frequently at industry conferences. She serves of Engineering. He received a B.E. in electrical engineering on a number of boards of directors and advisory commit- from the B.M.S. College of Engineering, Bangalore, India, tees, including the National Commission on Energy Policy. in 1977; an M.Tech. degree in electrical engineering from the She is chair of the boards of the Energy Foundation and of Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India, in 1979; and a Clean AirCool Planet and is a director of Catalytica Energy Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Iowa State University, Systems Inc., the Northeast States Clean Air Foundation, the Ames, in 1982. Electric Power Research Institute, and the Climate Policy Center. Dr. Tierney is a member of the Harvard Electric Paul C. Whitstock is a managing director with Marsh USA Policy Group, the Massachusetts Renewable Energy Trust Inc., a risk and insurance services firm. He has been active Advisory Council, the Environmental Advisory Council of in the energy industry and is well connected with insurance the New York Independent System Operator, and the China markets specializing in utility and power-generation risks. Sustainable Energy Program's Policy Advisory Council. She He is the client executive for several global energy compa- was previously chair of the Electricity Innovations Institute nies and is actively involved in managing and placing insur- and a member of the Advisory Council of the Independent ance programs for large generating asset and transmission System OperatorNew England. She has taught at the Uni- system portfolios. As the power and utility practice leader versity of California at Irvine. Dr. Tierney earned her Ph.D. for Marsh's Mid-Atlantic Zone, Mr. Whitstock acts in both and M.A. degrees in regional planning at Cornell University a consulting and a brokerage capacity, lending his expertise and her B.A. at Scripps College. in such areas as deal facilitation, risk transfer strategies, and traditional and advance risk financing strategies (including Vijay Vittal (NAE) is the Ira A. Fulton Professor in the weather hedges and energy trading risks). Mr. Whitstock Department of Electrical Engineering at Arizona State also has extensive experience with construction and com- University. His research interests are in the area of power missioning risks associated with large power-generation system dynamics, dynamic security assessment of power projects. Mr. Whitstock has a B.S. in business administration systems, power system operation and control, and applica- from Ithaca College in Ithaca, N.Y. He has also completed a tion of robust control techniques to power systems. He is the wide array of risk management and insurance courses at the author and co-author of several papers in his field. In 1992, College of Insurance in New York. In 1992, he received his he co-authored the textbook entitled Power System Transient Chartered Property and Casualty Underwriter designation.