Bill Clinton and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. She was also secretary for environmental affairs in Massachusetts under Governor William Weld, and a commissioner at the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities, to which she was appointed by Governor Michael Dukakis. She was executive director of the Massachusetts Energy Facilities Siting Council. Dr. Tierney has authored numerous articles and speaks frequently at industry conferences. She serves on a number of boards of directors and advisory committees, including the National Commission on Energy Policy. She is chair of the boards of the Energy Foundation and of Clean Air–Cool Planet and is a director of Catalytica Energy Systems Inc., the Northeast States Clean Air Foundation, the Electric Power Research Institute, and the Climate Policy Center. Dr. Tierney is a member of the Harvard Electric Policy Group, the Massachusetts Renewable Energy Trust Advisory Council, the Environmental Advisory Council of the New York Independent System Operator, and the China Sustainable Energy Program’s Policy Advisory Council. She was previously chair of the Electricity Innovations Institute and a member of the Advisory Council of the Independent System Operator–New England. She has taught at the University of California at Irvine. Dr. Tierney earned her Ph.D. and M.A. degrees in regional planning at Cornell University and her B.A. at Scripps College.

Vijay Vittal (NAE) is the Ira A. Fulton Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Arizona State University. His research interests are in the area of power system dynamics, dynamic security assessment of power systems, power system operation and control, and application of robust control techniques to power systems. He is the author and co-author of several papers in his field. In 1992, he co-authored the textbook entitled Power System Transient Stability Assessment Using the Transient Energy Function Method with A.A. Fouad, and, in 1999, he co-authored the textbook entitled Power System Analysis with A.R. Bergen. During 1993–994 he was the program director of the Power Systems Program at the National Science Foundation. He has been the recipient of several awards, including several from the IEEE, and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received a B.E. in electrical engineering from the B.M.S. College of Engineering, Bangalore, India, in 1977; an M.Tech. degree in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India, in 1979; and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Iowa State University, Ames, in 1982.

Paul C. Whitstock is a managing director with Marsh USA Inc., a risk and insurance services firm. He has been active in the energy industry and is well connected with insurance markets specializing in utility and power-generation risks. He is the client executive for several global energy companies and is actively involved in managing and placing insurance programs for large generating asset and transmission system portfolios. As the power and utility practice leader for Marsh’s Mid-Atlantic Zone, Mr. Whitstock acts in both a consulting and a brokerage capacity, lending his expertise in such areas as deal facilitation, risk transfer strategies, and traditional and advance risk financing strategies (including weather hedges and energy trading risks). Mr. Whitstock also has extensive experience with construction and commissioning risks associated with large power-generation projects. Mr. Whitstock has a B.S. in business administration from Ithaca College in Ithaca, N.Y. He has also completed a wide array of risk management and insurance courses at the College of Insurance in New York. In 1992, he received his Chartered Property and Casualty Underwriter designation.

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