D

Acronyms

AC

alternating current

ADA

advanced distribution automation

ADC

analog-to-digital converter

AEIC

Association of Edison Illuminating Companies

AGA

American Gas Association

AGC

Advanced Generation Control (balances CA generation with CA load)

AMR

automatic meter reading

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

APCO

Association of Public Communications Officers

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

BA

balancing area

BNSF

Burlington Northern Santa Fe

BPA

Bonneville Power Administration

CA

control area (entity responsible for an electric region)

CCTV

closed circuit television

CI PC

Critical Infrastructure Protection Committee

CERTS

Consortium for Electric Reliability Technologies

CSC

convertible static compensator

CSSWG

Control Systems Security Working Group

DA

distribution automation

DAC

digital-to-analog converter

DAWG

Disturbance Analysis Working Group

DC

direct current

DCS

distributed control system

DER

distributed energy resources

DG

distributed generation

DHS

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

DOD

U.S. Department of Defense

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

DOJ

U.S. Department of Justice

DOT

U.S. Department of Transportation

DSM

demand-side management

DTCR

dynamic thermal circuit rating

EEI

Edison Electric Institute

EHV

extra-high voltage

EIA

Energy Information Administration

EIPP

Eastern Interconnection Phasor Project

EMP

electromagnetic pulse

EMS

Energy Management System (monitors

system frequency and AGC)

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

EPAct

Energy Policy Act (most recent was passed by Congress in 2005)

EPRI

Electric Power Research Institute

EPSA

Electric Power Supply Association

ERCOT

Electric Reliability Council of Texas Inc. (RRO)

ERO

Electric Reliability Organization (enforces reliability standards)

ERP

enterprise resource planning

ETAG

Electronic Tagging (Etag) (system used to coordinate the scheduling of energy)

FACTS

flexible AC transmission system

FARC

Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias deColombia

FBI

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FEMA

Federal Emergency Management Agency

FERC

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (bulk power markets regulator)

FRCC

Florida Reliability Coordinating Council (RRO)

GDP

gross domestic product

GIS

gas-insulated substation



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 126
D Acronyms AC alternating current DOJ U.S. Department of Justice ADA advanced distribution automation DOT U.S. Department of Transportation ADC analog-to-digital converter DSM demand-side management AEIC Association of Edison Illuminating DTCR dynamic thermal circuit rating Companies AGA American Gas Association EEI Edison Electric Institute AGC Advanced Generation Control (balances CA EHV extra-high voltage generation with CA load) EIA Energy Information Administration AMR automatic meter reading EIPP Eastern Interconnection Phasor Project ANSI American National Standards Institute EMP electromagnetic pulse APCO Association of Public Communications EMS Energy Management System (monitors Officers system frequency and AGC) ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPAct Energy Policy Act (most recent was passed BA balancing area by Congress in 2005) BNSF Burlington Northern Santa Fe EPRI Electric Power Research Institute BPA Bonneville Power Administration EPSA Electric Power Supply Association ERCOT Electric Reliability Council of Texas Inc. CA control area (entity responsible for an (RRO) electric region) ERO Electric Reliability Organization (enforces CCTV closed circuit television reliability standards) CIPC Critical Infrastructure Protection Committee ERP enterprise resource planning CERTS Consortium for Electric Reliability ETAG Electronic Tagging (Etag) (system used to Technologies coordinate the scheduling of energy) CSC convertible static compensator CSSWG Control Systems Security Working Group FACTS flexible AC transmission system FARC Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de DA distribution automation Colombia DAC digital-to-analog converter FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation DAWG Disturbance Analysis Working Group FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency DC direct current FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission DCS distributed control system (bulk power markets regulator) DER distributed energy resources FRCC Florida Reliability Coordinating Council DG distributed generation (RRO) DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security DOD U.S. Department of Defense GDP gross domestic product DOE U.S. Department of Energy GIS gas-insulated substation 126

OCR for page 126
APPENDIX D 127 HS-ARPA U.S. Department of Homeland Security PCSRF Process Control Security Requirements Advanced Research Projects Agency Forum HSPD Homeland Security Presidential Directive PID proportional, integral derivative algorithm PIM Pooled Inventory Management (program) I3P Institute for Information Infrastructure PLC programmable logic controller Protection PNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ICCP Inter-Control Center Communications PPE personal protective equipment Protocol PRO Planning and Resource Optimizer ICS Incident Command System PSERC Power System Engineering Research Center IEC Israel Electric Corporation PUC public utility commission IEC International Electrotechnical Commission PUHCA Public Utility Holding Company Act (1934) IED intelligent electronic device PURPA Public Utility Regulation Policy Act (1978) IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers R&D research and development IEIA International Electricity Infrastructure RC reliability coordinator Assurance Forum RCWG Reliability Coordinator Working Group IGBT insulated gate bipolar transistor RFCReliabilityFirst Corporation (RRO) IGCT insulated gate commuted thyristor RFID radio frequency identification INA intelligent network agents RRO regional reliability organization (regional INL Idaho National Laboratory member of NERC) I/Oinput/output RTO regional transmission operator ISO independent system operator RTU remote terminal unit IT information technology SAIDI System Average Interruption Duration Index MISOMidwest Independent Transmission System SAIFI System Average Interruption Frequency Operator Index MMW Maintenance Management Workstation SCADA supervisory control and data acquisition MRO Midwest Reliability Organization RRO SERC Southeastern Electric Reliability Council, MVA megavolt ampere Inc. (RRO) MWmegawatt SMES superconducting magnetic energy storage SNL Sandia National Laboratory NERC North American Electric Reliability Council SOX Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002) NIMS National Incident Management System SPP Southwest Power Pool Inc. (RRO) NIPP National Infrastructure Protection Plan SPS special protection systems NIST National Institute of Standards and STEP Spare Transformer Equipment Program Technology NOPR Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (FERC) T&D transmission and distribution NPCC Northwest Power Coordinating Council TSWG Technical Support Working Group (RRO) TVA Tennessee Valley Authority (Government- NRC National Research Council owned utility) NRECA National Rural Electric Cooperative Association UPFC unified power flow controller NSC National Security Council NSTB National SCADA Test Bed VAR volt-ampere reactive VR virtual reality O&M operations and maintenance VSC voltage-sourced converters OASIS Open Access Same-time Information System (system to reserve transmission WACS wide-area stability and voltage control capacity) system OTA Office of Technology Assessment WAMS Wide Area Measurement System WECC Western Electricity Coordinating Council PA DEP Pennsylvania Department of Environmental (RRO) Protection WHO World Health Organization PCSF Process Control Systems Forum